United Nations

A/RES/50/197


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

11 March 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 112 (c)


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

            [on the report of the Third Committee (A/50/635/Add.3)]


            50/197.     Situation of human rights in the Sudan

      The General Assembly,

      Guided by the Charter of the United Nations, the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights,  1/ the International Covenants on
Human Rights,  2/ the International Convention on the Elimination of
All Forms of Racial Discrimination,  3/ and the Convention on the
Rights of the Child,  4/

      Reaffirming that all Member States have an obligation to promote
and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms and to comply with
the obligations laid down in the various instruments in this field,

      Recalling the obligation by all parties to respect international
humanitarian law,

      Recalling also its resolution 49/198 of 23 December 1994, and
taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution 1995/77 of
8 March 1995,  5/


      Noting with deep concern reports of grave human rights violations
in the Sudan, particularly summary executions, detentions without
trial, forced displacement of persons and torture, as described in
reports submitted to the Commission on Human Rights by the Special
Rapporteur on the question of torture, the Special Rapporteur on
extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions and the Special
Rapporteur on the question of religious intolerance,

      Welcoming the third and latest interim report of the Special
Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Sudan,  6/ and
noting with concern the continuing violations of human rights in the
Sudan,

      Concerned about continuing indiscriminate and deliberate aerial
bombardments by the Government of the Sudan of civilian targets in
southern Sudan, in clear violation of international humanitarian law,
which have added to the suffering of the civilian population and
resulted in casualties to civilians, including relief workers,

      Deeply concerned that access by the civilian population to
humanitarian assistance continues to be impeded, which represents a
threat to human life and constitutes an offence to human dignity,

      Expressing the hope that the continuing dialogue between the
Government of the Sudan and other parties and donor Governments,
Operation Lifeline Sudan and international private voluntary agencies
will result in improved cooperation for the delivery of humanitarian
assistance to all persons in need,

      Alarmed by the large number of internally displaced persons and
victims of discrimination in the Sudan, including members of ethnic
minorities who have been forcibly displaced in violation of their
human rights and who are in need of relief assistance and protection,

      Alarmed also by the mass exodus of refugees into neighbouring
countries and conscious of the burden that this places on those
countries, but expressing its appreciation for the efforts of host
countries and of the international community to assist the refugees,

      Deeply concerned by the conclusion of the Special Rapporteur,
also stated in his previous reports, that grave and widespread
violations of human rights by government agents, as well as abuses by
members of parties to the conflict in southern Sudan other than the
Government of the Sudan, continue to take place, including
extrajudicial killings, enforced or involuntary disappearances,
abductions, slavery, systematic torture and widespread arbitrary
arrests of suspected political opponents,  7/

      Alarmed by the continuing failure of the Sudanese authorities to
investigate human rights violations and abuses brought to their
attention over the past years,

      Gravely alarmed that since February 1994 there have been
increasing reports from a wide variety of sources indicating that
atrocities by the Government of the Sudan against the local population
in the area of the Nuba Mountains have intensified,

      Concerned by reports of religious persecution in areas of the
conflict zone controlled by the Government of the Sudan and of
discrimination based upon religion in the provision of shelter and
relief,

      Deeply concerned by the Special Rapporteur's conclusion that the
abduction of persons, mainly women and children, belonging to ethnic
and religious minorities from southern Sudan, the Nuba Mountains and
the Ingessana Hills area, and their subjection to the slave trade,
servitude and forced labour are taking place with the knowledge of the
Government of the Sudan,  8/

      Also deeply concerned about the problem of unaccompanied minors
and the use of children as soldiers by all parties despite repeated
calls from the international community to put an end to this practice,
as described in the report of the Special Rapporteur,

      Recognizing the fact that the Sudan has been hosting large
numbers of refugees from several neighbouring countries over the past
three decades,

      Welcoming the release of some of the political prisoners by the
Government of the Sudan in August 1995, and noting its recent
announcement of open, free and fair elections in 1996,

      Also welcoming the efforts of the United Nations and other
humanitarian organizations to provide humanitarian relief to those
Sudanese in need,

      Further welcoming the dialogues and contacts between non-
governmental organizations and the religious minorities in the Sudan,
aimed at developing a more balanced relationship between the
Government of the Sudan and the religious minority groups,

      1.    Expresses deep concern at the serious, widespread and
continuing human rights violations in the Sudan, including
extrajudicial killings and summary executions; detentions without due
process; forced displacement of persons; enforced or involuntary
disappearances; torture and other forms of cruel and unusual
punishment; slavery, practices similar to slavery and forced labour;
and denial of the freedoms of expression, association and peaceful
assembly;

      2.    Urges the Government of the Sudan to investigate without
delay the cases of slavery, servitude, slave trade, forced labour and
similar practices brought to its attention and to take all appropriate
measures to put an immediate end to these practices;

      3.    Takes note with appreciation of the interim report of the
Special Rapporteur;

      4.    Welcomes the recommendation of the Special Rapporteur that
human rights monitors be placed at the earliest possible date in such
locations as will facilitate improved information flow and assessment
and independent verification of reports on the situation of human
rights in the Sudan;  9/

      5.    Calls upon the Government of the Sudan to comply with
applicable international human rights instruments to which the Sudan
is a party, in particular the International Covenants on Human Rights,
2/ the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of
Racial Discrimination, 3/ the Convention on the Rights of the Child,
4/ the Slavery Convention, as amended,  10/ and the
Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade
and Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery,  11/ to
implement those instruments to which it is a party and to ensure that
all individuals in its territory and subject to its jurisdiction,
including members of all religious and ethnic groups, enjoy fully the
rights recognized in those instruments;

      6.    Urges the Government of the Sudan to cease immediately all
aerial attacks on civilian targets and other attacks that are in
violation of international humanitarian law;

      7.    Calls upon parties to the hostilities to respect fully the
applicable provisions of international humanitarian law, including
article 3 common to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, 
12/ and the Additional Protocols thereto, of 1977,  13/ to halt
the use of weapons against the civilian population and to protect all
civilians, including women, children and members of ethnic and
religious minorities, from violations, including forcible
displacement, arbitrary detention, ill-treatment, torture and summary
executions, and deplores the consequences for innocent civilians of
the use of landmines by government and rebel forces alike;

      8.    Again calls upon the Government of the Sudan and all parties
to permit international agencies, humanitarian organizations and donor
Governments to deliver humanitarian assistance to the civilian
population and to cooperate with the initiatives of the Department of
Humanitarian Affairs of the Secretariat and United Nations agencies
working in the field, in particular Operation Lifeline Sudan, to
deliver humanitarian assistance to all persons in need;

      9.    Reiterates its call upon the Government of the Sudan to
ensure a full, thorough and prompt investigation by an independent
judicial inquiry commission of the killings of Sudanese nationals
employed by foreign relief organizations and foreign Governments;

      10.   Welcomes the decision of the Commission on Human Rights to
extend the mandate of the Special Rapporteur for an additional year;

      11.   Requests the Secretary-General to continue to provide the
Special Rapporteur with all necessary assistance in the discharge of
his mandate;

      12.   Deplores the continuing refusal of the Government of the
Sudan to cooperate in any manner with the Special Rapporteur and the
unacceptable threats against his person;

      13.   Calls upon the Government of the Sudan to extend its full
and unreserved cooperation to the Special Rapporteur and to assist him
in the ongoing discharge of his mandate and, to this end, to take all
necessary steps to ensure that the Special Rapporteur has free and
unlimited access to any person in the Sudan with whom he wishes to
meet, with no threats or reprisals;

      14.   Invites the Special Rapporteurs of the Commission on Human
Rights on the questions of religious intolerance and freedom of
expression to consult with the Special Rapporteur on the situation of
human rights in the Sudan and to consider and report on the situation
in the Sudan, and calls upon the Government of the Sudan to extend to
them its full cooperation, including inviting them to visit the Sudan;

      15.   Recommends the continued monitoring of the serious human
rights situation in the Sudan and of the regional efforts to end the
hostilities and human suffering in the south, and invites the
Commission on Human Rights, at its fifty-second session, to give
urgent attention to the situation of human rights in the Sudan;

      16.   Decides to continue its consideration of this question at
its fifty-first session.


                                                          99th plenary meeting
                                                              22 December 1995


                                     Notes

1/          Resolution 217 A (III).

2/          Resolution 2200 A (XXI), annex.

3/          Resolution 2106 A (XX), annex.

4/          Resolution 44/25, annex.

5/          See Official Records of the Economic and Social Council,
1995, Supplement No. 3 and corrigenda (E/1995/23 and Corr.1 and 2),
chap. II, sect. A.

6/          A/50/569, annex.

7/          Ibid., para. 72.

8/          Ibid., para. 75.

9/          Ibid., para. 82 (j).

10/         United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 212, No. 2861.

11/         Ibid., vol. 266, No. 3822.

12/         Ibid., vol. 75, Nos. 970-973.

13/         Ibid., vol. 1125, Nos. 17512 and 17513.

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