United Nations

A/RES/50/188


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

6 March 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 112 (c)


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

            [on the report of the Third Committee (A/50/635/Add.3)]


            50/188.     Situation of human rights in the
                        Islamic Republic of Iran

      The General Assembly,

      Guided by the Charter of the United Nations, the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights  1/ and the International Covenants on
Human Rights,  2/

      Recalling the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action,  3/
as endorsed by the General Assembly in its resolution 48/121 of 20
December 1993, in particular section I, paragraph 1, in which the
World Conference on Human Rights reaffirmed, inter alia, that human
rights and fundamental freedoms were the birthright of all human
beings and that their protection and promotion was the first
responsibility of Governments,

      Reaffirming that all Member States have a duty to fulfil the
obligations they have undertaken under the various international
instruments in this field,


      Mindful that the Islamic Republic of Iran is a party to the
International Covenants on Human Rights,

      Recalling Commission on Human Rights resolution 1984/54 of
14 March 1984,  4/ in which the Commission requested its Chairman to
appoint a special representative to make a thorough study of the human
rights situation in the Islamic Republic of Iran, based on such
information as the special representative might deem relevant,
including comments and material provided by the Government of the
Islamic Republic of Iran,

      Noting the appointment by the Chairman of the Commission on Human
Rights of Mr. Maurice Danby Copithorne as Special Representative of
the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in the
Islamic Republic of Iran, and paying tribute to his predecessor Mr.
Reinaldo Galindo Pohl,

      Recalling its previous resolutions expressing concern at the
violations of human rights by the Government of the Islamic Republic
of Iran, including the most recent, resolution 49/202 of 23 December
1994, and the resolutions of the Commission on Human Rights, including
the most recent, resolution 1995/68 of 8 March 1995,  5/ and those
of the Subcommission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of
Minorities, including the most recent, resolution 1995/18 of 24 August
1995,  6/

      Reaffirming that Governments are accountable for assassinations
and attacks by their agents against persons in the territory of
another State, as well as for the incitement, approval or wilful
condoning of such acts,

      Noting that in the view of the Special Representative the
significant number of communications received by the Centre for Human
Rights of the Secretariat for the attention of the Special
Representative and the important concerns reflected therein will need
careful scrutiny,

      Welcoming the announcement by the Special Representative that he
has been invited to visit the Islamic Republic of Iran and the high
priority given by the Special Representative to visiting the country,

      Noting the stated readiness of the Government of the Islamic
Republic of Iran to invite the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on
Human Rights on religious intolerance and the Special Rapporteur of
the Commission on Human Rights on freedom of expression to visit the
Islamic Republic of Iran,

      Noting also the concluding observations of the Committee on the
Elimination of Racial Discrimination, the Human Rights Committee and
the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights on the human
rights situation in the Islamic Republic of Iran,

      Noting further that the Subcommission on Prevention of
Discrimination and Protection of Minorities, in its resolution
1995/18, condemned the flagrant violations of human rights in the
Islamic Republic of Iran,

      Taking note of the interim report of the Special Representative
of 20 October 1995,  7/ and his intention to present a substantive
report to the Commission on Human Rights,

      Taking into account the reports of the former Special
Representative, including his report of 16 January 1995,  8/

      Considering that continued international scrutiny of human rights
and fundamental freedoms in the Islamic Republic of Iran is warranted
and that the subject should remain on the agenda of the General
Assembly, 

      1.    Expresses its concern at violations of human rights in the
Islamic Republic of Iran, in particular the high number of executions,
cases of torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or
punishment, the failure to meet international standards with regard to
the administration of justice, the absence of guarantees of due
process of law, the discriminatory treatment of minorities by reason
of their religious beliefs, notably the Baha'is, whose existence as a
viable religious community in the Islamic Republic of Iran is
threatened, lack of adequate protection for the Christian minorities,
some members of which have been the target of intimidation and
assassinations, excessive force in suppressing demonstrations,
restrictions on the freedom of expression, thought, opinion and the
press and widespread discrimination against women;

      2.    Urges the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran, as a
State party to the International Covenants on Human Rights, to abide
by its obligations freely undertaken under the Covenants and under
other international instruments on human rights and to ensure that all
individuals within its territory and subject to its jurisdiction,
including religious groups, enjoy the rights recognized in those
instruments;

      3.    Calls upon the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran to
implement existing agreements with international humanitarian
organizations;

      4.    Also calls upon the Government of the Islamic Republic of
Iran to take the necessary steps so that the visit of the Special
Representative of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of
human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran can take place as soon as
possible and without conditions;

      5.    Expresses its grave concern that there are continuing
threats to the life of Mr. Salman Rushdie, as well as to individuals
associated with his work, which appear to have the support of the
Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran;

      6.    Urges the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran to
refrain from activities against members of the Iranian opposition
living abroad and to cooperate wholeheartedly with the authorities of
other countries in investigating and punishing offences reported by
them;

      7.    Requests the Secretary-General to give all necessary
assistance to the Special Representative to enable him to discharge
his mandate fully;

      8.    Decides to continue the examination of the situation of
human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran, including the situation
of minority groups such as the Baha'is, during its fifty-first session
under the item entitled "Human rights questions", on the basis of the
report of the Special Representative and in the light of additional
elements provided by the Commission on Human Rights and the Economic
and Social Council.


                                                          99th plenary meeting
                                                              22 December 1995


                                     Notes

1/          Resolution 217 A (III).

2/          Resolution 2200 A (XXI), annex.

3/          A/CONF.157/24 (Part I), chap. III.

4/          See Official Records of the Economic and Social Council,
1984, Supplement No. 4 and corrigendum (E/1984/14 and Corr.1), chap.
II, sect. A.

5/          Ibid., 1995, Supplement No. 3 and corrigenda (E/1995/23 and
Corr.1 and 2), chap. II, sect. A.

6/          See E/CN.4/1996/2-E/CN/Sub.2/1995/51.

7/          See A/50/661.

8/          E/CN.4/1995/55.

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