United Nations

A/RES/50/186


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

6 March 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 112 (b)


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

            [on the report of the Third Committee (A/50/635/Add.2)]


            50/186.     Human rights and terrorism

      The General Assembly,

      Guided by the Charter of the United Nations, the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights,  1/ the Declaration on Principles of
International Law concerning Friendly Relations and Cooperation among
States in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations  2/ and
the International Covenants on Human Rights,  3/

      Bearing in mind the Declaration on the Occasion of the Fiftieth
Anniversary of the United Nations,  4/

      Taking into account the fact that acts of terrorism in all its
forms and manifestations aimed at the destruction of human rights have
continued despite national and international efforts,

      Bearing in mind that the most essential and basic human right is
the right to life,

      Bearing in mind also that terrorism creates an environment that
destroys the freedom from fear of the people,

      Recalling the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, adopted
by the World Conference on Human Rights on 25 June 1993,  5/

      Recalling also its resolutions 48/122 of 20 December 1993 and
49/185 of 23 December 1994,

      Taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution 1995/43 of
3 March 1995,  6/

      Reiterating that all States have an obligation to promote and
protect human rights and fundamental freedoms, and also that every
individual should strive to secure their universal and effective
recognition and observance,

      Seriously concerned at the gross violations of human rights
perpetrated by terrorist groups,

      Profoundly deploring the increasing number of innocent persons,
including women, children and the elderly, killed, massacred and
maimed by terrorists in indiscriminate and random acts of violence and
terror, which cannot be justified under any circumstances,

      Noting with great concern the growing connection between the
terrorist groups and other criminal organizations engaged in the
illegal traffic in arms and drugs at the national and international
levels, as well as the consequent commission of serious crimes such as
murder, extortion, kidnapping, assault, taking of hostages and
robbery,

      Mindful of the need to protect human rights of and guarantees for
the individual in accordance with the relevant international human
rights principles and instruments, particularly the right to life,

      Reaffirming that all measures to counter terrorism must be in
strict conformity with international human rights standards,

      1.    Expresses its solidarity with the victims of terrorism;

      2.    Reiterates its unequivocal condemnation of the acts, methods
and practices of terrorism as activities aimed at the destruction of
human rights, fundamental freedoms and democracy, threatening the
territorial integrity and security of States, destabilizing
legitimately constituted Governments, undermining pluralistic civil
society and having adverse consequences on the economic and social
development of States;

      3.    Calls upon States to take all necessary and effective
measures in accordance with international standards of human rights to
prevent, combat and eliminate all acts of terrorism wherever and by
whomever committed;

      4.    Urges the international community to enhance cooperation at
regional and international levels in the fight against terrorism in
accordance with relevant international instruments, including those
relating to human rights, with the aim of its eradication;

      5.    Condemns incitement of ethnic hatred, violence and
terrorism;

      6.    Requests the Secretary-General to continue to seek the views
of Member States on the possible establishment of a United Nations
voluntary fund for victims of terrorism, as well as ways and means to
rehabilitate the victims of terrorism and to reintegrate them into
society, and to submit to the General Assembly at its fifty-second
session, for its consideration, a report containing comments made by
Member States on the subject;

      7.    Also requests the Secretary-General to transmit the text of
the present resolution to all Member States and to competent
specialized agencies and intergovernmental organizations for their
consideration;

      8.    Encourages special rapporteurs, special representatives and
working groups of the Commission on Human Rights, as well as treaty
bodies, to pay appropriate attention, within their mandates, to the
consequences of the acts, methods and practices of terrorist groups;

      9.    Decides to consider this question at its fifty-second
session under the item entitled "Human rights questions".


                                                          99th plenary meeting
                                                              22 December 1995


                                     Notes

1/          Resolution 217 A (III).

2/          Resolution 2625 (XXV), annex.

3/          Resolution 2200 A (XXI), annex.

4/          See resolution 50/6.

5/          A/CONF.157/24 (Part I), chap. III.

6/          See Official Records of the Economic and Social Council,
1995, Supplement No. 3 and corrigenda (E/1995/23 and Corr.1 and 2),
chap. II, sect. A.

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