United Nations

A/RES/50/184


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

6 March 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 112 (b)


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

            [on the report of the Third Committee (A/50/635/Add.2)]


            50/184.     Right to development

      The General Assembly,

      Reaffirming the Declaration on the Right to Development,  1/
which it proclaimed at its forty-first session,

      Recalling its resolutions 45/97 of 14 December 1990, 46/123 of
17 December 1991, 47/123 of 18 December 1992, 48/130 of
20 December 1993 and 49/183 of 23 December 1994 and those of the
Commission on Human Rights relating to the right to development, and
taking note of Commission resolution 1995/17 of 24 February 1995, 2/

      Recalling also the report on the Global Consultation on the
Realization of the Right to Development as a Human Right,  3/

      Recalling further the principles proclaimed in the Rio
Declaration on Environment and Development of 14 June 1992,  4/

      Mindful that the Commission on Human Rights continues to consider
this matter, which is directed towards the implementation and further
enhancement of the right to development,

      Noting the need for coordination and cooperation throughout the
United Nations system for a more effective promotion of the right to
development,

      Recognizing that the United Nations High Commissioner for Human
Rights and the Centre for Human Rights of the Secretariat have
important roles to play in the promotion and protection of the right
to development,

      Reaffirming the need for action at the national and international
levels by all States to realize all human rights, and the need for
relevant evaluation mechanisms to ensure the promotion, encouragement
and reinforcement of the principles contained in the Declaration on
the Right to Development,

      Welcoming the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, adopted
by the World Conference on Human Rights on 25 June 1993,  5/ which
reaffirms the right to development as a universal and inalienable
right and an integral part of all fundamental human rights and
reaffirms that the human person is the central subject of development,

      Recalling that the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action
examined the relationship between democracy, development and human
rights, and recognizing the importance of creating a favourable
environment in which everyone may enjoy their human rights as set out
in the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action,

      Recalling also that lasting progress towards the implementation
of the right to development requires effective development policies at
the national level, as well as equitable economic relations and a
favourable economic environment at the international level,

      Recalling further that, in order to promote development, equal
attention and urgent consideration should be given to the
implementation, promotion and protection of civil, political,
economic, social and cultural rights, and recognizing that all human
rights are universal, indivisible, interdependent and interrelated and
that the universality, objectivity, impartiality and non-selectivity
of the consideration of human rights issues must be ensured,

      Noting that aspects of the Programme of Action of the
International Conference on Population and Development,  6/ the
Copenhagen Declaration on Social Development and the Programme of
Action of the World Summit for Social Development, adopted by the
World Summit on 12 March 1995,  7/ and the Beijing Declaration and
the Platform for Action, adopted by the Fourth World Conference on
Women on 15 September 1995,  8/ are relevant to the universal
realization of the right to development,

      Welcoming the convening of the United Nations Conference on Human
Settlements (Habitat II) in 1996, and affirming that this Conference
constitutes another important international step towards the
realization of the right to development, within the context of
promoting and protecting all human rights,

      Taking note of the work of the Working Group on the Right to
Development during its fourth  9/ and fifth  10/ sessions,
held at Geneva from 15 to 26 May 1995 and from 27 September to
6 October 1995,

      Having considered the note by the Secretary-General,  11/
prepared pursuant to General Assembly resolution 49/183,

      1.    Reaffirms the importance of the right to development for
every human person and all peoples in all countries, in particular the
developing countries, as an integral part of fundamental human rights;

      2.    Takes note of the note by the Secretary-General ;

      3.    Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the Commission
on Human Rights at its fifty-second session a report on the
implementation of Commission resolution 1995/17;

      4.    Calls upon the Commission on Human Rights to consider
carefully the reports of the Working Group on the Right to
Development, to assess whether the Working Group has been able to
complete its mandate and to consider thoroughly the necessity to
reconvene the Working Group;

      5.    Requests the Secretary-General to continue coordination of
the various activities with regard to the implementation of the
Declaration on the Right to Development;

      6.    Also requests the Secretary-General to ask the Centre for
Human Rights of the Secretariat to provide a programmatic follow-up on
the implementation of the Declaration on the Right to Development, as
part of the efforts to implement the Vienna Declaration and Programme
of Action;

      7.    Requests the United Nations High Commissioner for Human
Rights, within his mandate, to continue to take steps for the
promotion and protection of the right to development by, inter alia,
working in conjunction with the Centre for Human Rights and drawing on
the expertise of the funds, programmes and specialized agencies of the
United Nations system related to the field of development;

      8.    Supports the current initiatives of the United Nations High
Commissioner for Human Rights, within his mandate, to consult with all
relevant bodies, funds, programmes and specialized agencies of the
United Nations system on how they may promote the right to
development;

      9.    Invites the regional commissions and regional
intergovernmental organizations to consider how they may contribute to
the realization of the right to development, including through
convening meetings of governmental experts and representative
non-governmental and grass-roots organizations for the purpose of
seeking arrangements or agreements for the implementation of the
Declaration on the Right to Development through international
cooperation;

      10.   Requests the Secretary-General to inform the Commission on
Human Rights at its fifty-second session and the General Assembly at
its fifty-first session of the activities of the organizations, funds,
programmes and specialized agencies of the United Nations system for
the implementation of the Declaration on the Right to Development;

      11.   Calls upon the Commission on Human Rights to continue to
make proposals to the General Assembly, through the Economic and
Social Council, on the future course of action on the question, in
particular on practical measures for the implementation and
enhancement of the Declaration on the Right to Development, taking
into account the conclusions and recommendations of the Global
Consultation on the Realization of the Right to Development as a Human
Right and the reports of the Working Group on the Right to
Development;

      12.   Reiterates its commitment to implementing the results of the
World Conference on Human Rights, which reaffirm that all human rights
are universal, indivisible, interdependent and interrelated and that
democracy, development and respect for human rights and fundamental
freedoms are interdependent and mutually reinforcing;

      13.   Calls upon all States to address, within the declarations
and programmes of action adopted by the relevant international
conferences convened by the United Nations, the elements for the
promotion and protection of the principles of the right to
development, as set out in the Declaration on the Right to
Development;

      14.   Decides to consider this question at its fifty-first session
under the sub-item entitled "Human rights questions, including
alternative approaches for improving the effective enjoyment of human
rights and fundamental freedoms".


                                                          99th plenary meeting
                                                              22 December 1995


                                     Notes

1/          Resolution 41/128, annex.

2/          See Official Records of the Economic and Social Council,
1995, Supplement No. 3 and corrigenda (E/1995/23 and Corr.1 and 2),
chap. II, sect. A.

3/          E/CN.4/1990/9/Rev.1.

4/          See Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment
and Development, Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992 (A/CONF.151/26/Rev.1
(Vol. I and Vol. I/Corr.1, Vol. II, Vol. III and Vol. III/Corr.1))
(United Nations publication, Sales No. E.93.I.8 and corrigenda),
vol. I:  Resolutions Adopted by the Conference, resolution 1, annex I.

5/          A/CONF.157/24 (Part I), chap. III.

6/          Report of the International Conference on Population and
Development, Cairo, 5-13 September 1994 (United Nations publication,
Sales No. E.95.XIII.18), chap. I, resolution 1, annex.

7/          A/CONF.166/9, chap. I, resolution 1, annexes I and II.

8/          A/CONF.177/20, chap. I, resolution 1, annexes I and II.

9/          See E/CN.4/1996/10.

10/         See E/CN.4/1996/24.

11/         A/50/729.

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