United Nations

A/RES/50/180


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

28 February 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 112 (b)


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

            [on the report of the Third Committee (A/50/635/Add.2)]


            50/180.     Effective promotion of the Declaration
                        on the Rights of Persons Belonging to
                        National or Ethnic, Religious and
                        Linguistic Minorities

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolution 47/135 of 18 December 1992, by which it
adopted the Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National
or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities, as well as its
resolution 49/192 of 23 December 1994,

      Conscious of the need effectively to promote and protect the
rights of persons belonging to minorities, as set out in the
Declaration,

      Taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution 1995/24 of
3 March 1995 on the rights of persons belonging to national or ethnic,
religious and linguistic minorities,  1/ in which the Commission,
inter alia, decided to authorize the Subcommission on Prevention of
Discrimination and Protection of Minorities to establish, initially
for a three-year period, an inter-sessional working group consisting
of five of its members, to meet each year for five working days in
order to promote the rights of persons belonging to national or
ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities,

      Taking note also of Economic and Social Council resolution
1995/31 of 25 July 1995, in which the Council authorized the
establishment of the working group,

      Noting that the working group held its first session from 28
August to 1 September 1995, and that its report will be made available
to the Commission on Human Rights,

      Aware of the provisions of article 27 of the International
Covenant on Civil and Political Rights  2/ concerning the rights
of persons belonging to ethnic, religious or linguistic minorities,

      Acknowledging that the United Nations has an increasingly
important role to play regarding the protection of minorities by,
inter alia, taking due account of and giving effect to the
Declaration,

      Concerned by the growing frequency and severity of disputes and
conflicts concerning minorities in many countries, and their often
tragic consequences,

      Affirming that effective measures and the creation of favourable
conditions for the promotion and protection of the rights of persons
belonging to national or ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities,
ensuring effective non-discrimination and equality for all, contribute
to the prevention and peaceful solution of human rights problems and
situations involving minorities,

      Considering that the promotion and protection of the rights of
persons belonging to national or ethnic, religious and linguistic
minorities contribute to political and social stability and peace and
enrich the cultural heritage of society as a whole of the States in
which such persons live,

      Reaffirming the obligation of States to ensure that persons
belonging to minorities may exercise fully and effectively all human
rights and fundamental freedoms without any discrimination and in full
equality before the law in accordance with the Declaration,

      Noting the positive initiatives of many countries as well as
regional organizations to protect minorities and promote mutual
understanding,

      Having considered the report of the Secretary-General,  3/

      1.    Takes note with appreciation of the report of the Secretary-
General;

      2.    Urges States and the international community to promote and
protect the rights of persons belonging to national or ethnic,
religious and linguistic minorities, as set out in the Declaration on
the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and
Linguistic Minorities, including through the facilitation of their
full participation in all aspects of the political, economic, social,
religious and cultural life of society and in the economic progress
and development in their country;

      3.    Urges States to take, as appropriate, all the necessary
constitutional, legislative, administrative and other measures to
promote and give effect to the principles contained in the
Declaration;

      4.    Appeals to States to make bilateral and multilateral
efforts, as appropriate, in order to protect the rights of persons
belonging to national or ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities
in their countries, in accordance with the Declaration;

      5.    Recognizes that respect for human rights and the promotion
of understanding and tolerance by Governments as well as between and
among minorities is central to the protection and promotion of the
rights of persons belonging to minorities;

      6.    Calls upon the Secretary-General to make available, at the
request of Governments concerned, qualified expertise on minority
issues, including the prevention and resolution of disputes, to assist
in existing or potential situations involving minorities;

      7.    Requests the Secretary-General, in the implementation of the
present resolution, to provide human and financial resources for such
advisory services and technical assistance by the Centre for Human
Rights of the Secretariat, within existing resources;

      8.    Calls upon the United Nations High Commissioner for Human
Rights to promote, within his mandate, the implementation of the
Declaration and to continue to engage in a dialogue with Governments
concerned for that purpose;


      9.    Urges all treaty bodies and special representatives, special
rapporteurs and working groups of the Commission on Human Rights and
the Subcommission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of
Minorities to give due regard, within their respective mandates, to
the promotion and protection of the rights of persons belonging to
minorities;

      10.   Invites States, interested intergovernmental and
non-governmental organizations, special representatives, special
rapporteurs and working groups of the Commission on Human Rights to
continue to submit, as appropriate, contributions as to how they
promote and give effect to the Declaration;

      11.   Invites the Secretary-General to continue the dissemination
of information on the Declaration and the promotion of understanding
thereof, including through activities within the framework of the
United Nations Decade for Human Rights Education;

      12.   Calls upon States and the Secretary-General to give due
regard to the Declaration in their respective training programmes for
officials;

      13.   Encourages intergovernmental as well as non-governmental
organizations to continue to contribute to the promotion and
protection of the rights of persons belonging to national or ethnic,
religious and linguistic minorities;

      14.   Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-first session on the implementation of the
present resolution under the item entitled "Human rights questions".


                                                          99th plenary meeting
                                                              22 December 1995


                                     Notes

1/          See Official Records of the Economic and Social Council,
1995, Supplement No. 3 and corrigenda (E/1995/23 and Corr.1 and 2),
chap. II, sect. A.

2/          See resolution 2200 A (XXI), annex.

3/          A/50/514.

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