United Nations


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  
50th session
7 December 1995

Fiftieth session
Agenda item 37

         [without reference to a Main Committee (A/50/L.25 and Add.1)]

            50/18.   Zone of peace and cooperation of the South Atlantic

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolution 41/11 of 27 October 1986, in which it
solemnly declared the Atlantic Ocean, in the region between Africa and
South America, the "Zone of peace and cooperation of the South

      Recalling also its subsequent resolutions on the matter,
including resolution 45/36 of 27 November 1990, in which it reaffirmed
the determination of the States of the zone to enhance and accelerate
their cooperation in the political, economic, scientific, cultural and
other spheres,

      Reaffirming that the questions of peace and security and those of
development are interrelated and inseparable, and that cooperation for
peace and development among States of the region will promote the
objectives of the zone of peace and cooperation of the South Atlantic,

      Aware of the importance that the States of the zone attach to the
region's environment, and recognizing the threat that pollution from
any source poses to the marine and coastal environment, its ecological
balance and its resources,

      1.    Reaffirms the importance of the purposes and objectives of
the zone of peace and cooperation of the South Atlantic as a basis for
the promotion of cooperation among the countries of the region;

      2.    Calls upon all States to cooperate in the promotion of the
objectives established in the declaration of the zone of peace and
cooperation of the South Atlantic and to refrain from any action
inconsistent with those objectives and with the Charter of the United
Nations and relevant resolutions of the Organization, particularly
action which may create or aggravate situations of tension and
potential conflict in the region;

      3.    Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General of 24
October 1995,  1/ submitted in accordance with its resolution 49/26
of 2 December 1994;

      4.    Recalls the agreement reached at the third meeting of the
States members of the zone, held at Brasilia in 1994, to encourage
democracy and political pluralism and, in accordance with the Vienna
Declaration and Programme of Action adopted by the World Conference on
Human Rights on 25 June 1993,  2/ to promote and defend all human
rights and fundamental freedoms and to cooperate towards the
achievement of those goals;

      5.    Welcomes the progress towards the full entry into force of
the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and
the Caribbean (Treaty of Tlatelolco),  3/ and the conclusion of a
treaty on a nuclear-weapon-free zone in Africa;

      6.    Expresses its appreciation for the efforts of the
international community, in accordance with Security Council
resolution 976 (1995) of 8 February 1995, aimed at contributing to an
effective and lasting peace in Angola on the basis of the "Acordos de
Bicesse"  4/ and the Lusaka Protocol;  5/

      7.    Also welcomes recent positive developments in the situation
of Liberia, including progress towards peace and national
reconciliation in accordance with the Abuja Agreement  6/to
supplement the Cotonou  7/ and Akosombo  8/ Agreements as
subsequently clarified by the Accra Agreement;  9/

      8.    Commends the efforts of Member States and humanitarian
organizations to render humanitarian assistance to Angola and Liberia,
and urges them to continue to provide and to increase such assistance;

      9.    Affirms the importance of the South Atlantic to global
maritime and commercial transactions and its determination to preserve
the region for all activities protected by international law, as
reflected in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the
Sea;  10/

      10.   Further welcomes the offer by South Africa to host at Cape
Town, on 1 and 2 April 1996, the fourth meeting of the States members
of the zone;

      11.   Requests the relevant organizations, organs and bodies of
the United Nations system to render all appropriate assistance which
States of the zone may seek in their joint efforts to implement the
declaration of the zone of peace and cooperation of the South

      12.   Requests the Secretary-General to keep the implementation of
resolution 41/11 and subsequent resolutions on the matter under review
and to submit a report to the General Assembly at its fifty-first
session, taking into account, inter alia, the views expressed by
Member States;

      13.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
first session the item entitled "Zone of peace and cooperation of the
South Atlantic".

                                                          69th plenary meeting
                                                              27 November 1995


1/          A/50/671.

2/          A/CONF.157/24 (Part I), chap. III.

3/          United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 634, No. 9068.

4/          S/22609, annex.

5/          S/1994/1441, annex.

6/          S/1995/742, annex.

7/          S/26272, annex.

8/          S/1994/1174, annex.

9/          S/1995/7, annex.

10/         Official Records of the Third United Nations Conference on
the Law of the Sea, vol. XVII (United Nations publication, Sales
No. E.84.V.3), document A/CONF.62/122.


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