United Nations

A/RES/50/179


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

28 February 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 112 (b)


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

            [on the report of the Third Committee (A/50/635/Add.2)]


            50/179.     Strengthening of the rule of law

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling that, by adopting the Universal Declaration of Human
Rights,  1/ Member States have pledged themselves to achieve, in
cooperation with the United Nations, the promotion of universal
respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms,

      Firmly convinced that, as stressed in the Universal Declaration
of Human Rights, the rule of law is an essential factor in the
protection of human rights,

      Convinced that through their own national legal and judicial
systems States must provide appropriate civil, criminal and
administrative remedies for violations of human rights,

      Recognizing the importance of the role that can be played by the
Centre for Human Rights of the Secretariat in supporting national
efforts to strengthen the institutions of the rule of law,


      Bearing in mind that, in its resolution 48/141 of 20 December
1993, the General Assembly entrusted the United Nations High
Commissioner for Human Rights with, inter alia, providing through the
Centre and other appropriate institutions advisory services and
technical and financial assistance in the field of human rights,
enhancing international cooperation for the promotion and protection
of all human rights and coordinating human rights activities
throughout the United Nations system, 

      Recalling the recommendation of the World Conference on Human
Rights that a comprehensive programme be established within the United
Nations and under the coordination of the Centre with a view to
helping States in the task of building and strengthening adequate
national structures that have a direct impact on the overall
observance of human rights and the maintenance of the rule of
law,  2/

      Recalling also its resolution 49/194 of 23 December 1994, and
taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution 1995/54 of 3
March 1995,  3/

      1.    Takes note with satisfaction of the report of the Secretary-
General;  4/ 

      2.    Takes note with interest of the proposals contained in the
report of the Secretary-General for strengthening the programme of
advisory services and technical assistance of the Centre for Human
Rights of the Secretariat in order to comply fully with the
recommendations of the World Conference on Human Rights concerning
assistance to States in strengthening their institutions in the rule
of law;

      3.    Praises the efforts made by the United Nations High
Commissioner for Human Rights and the Centre to accomplish their ever-
increasing tasks with the limited financial and personnel resources at
their disposal;

      4.    Expresses its deep concern at the scarcity of means at the
disposal of the Centre for the fulfilment of its tasks;

      5.    Notes that the programme of advisory services and technical
assistance does not have assistance funds sufficient to provide any
substantial financial assistance to national projects that have a
direct impact on the realization of human rights and the maintenance
of the rule of law in countries that are committed to those ends, but
which face economic hardship;

      6.    Affirms that the High Commissioner, with the assistance of
the Centre, remains the focal point for coordinating system-wide
attention for human rights, democracy and the rule of law;

      7.    Welcomes the consultations and contacts initiated by the
High Commissioner with other relevant bodies and programmes of the
United Nations system aiming at the enhancement of inter-agency
coordination and cooperation in providing assistance for the
strengthening of the rule of law;

      8.    Encourages the High Commissioner to pursue these
consultations, taking into account the need to explore new synergies
with other organs and agencies of the United Nations system with a
view to obtaining increased financial assistance for human rights and
the rule of law;

      9.    Requests the High Commissioner to continue to explore the
possibilities of obtaining from all relevant institutions of the
United Nations system, including financial institutions, acting within
their mandates, technical and financial means to strengthen the
capacity of the Centre to provide assistance to national projects
aiming at the realization of human rights and the maintenance of the
rule of law;

      10.   Requests the Secretary-General to submit a report to the
General Assembly at its fifty-first session on the results of the
contacts established in accordance with paragraph 9 above, as well as
on any other developments pertaining to the implementation of the
above-mentioned recommendation of the World Conference on Human
Rights. 2/


                                                          99th plenary meeting
                                                              22 December 1995


                                     Notes

1/          Resolution 217 A (III).

2/          A/CONF.157/24 (Part I), chap. III, sect. II, para. 69.

3/          See Official Records of the Economic and Social Council,
1995, Supplement No. 3 and corrigenda (E/1995/23 and Corr.1 and 2),
chap. II, sect. A.

4/          A/50/653.

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