United Nations

A/RES/50/177


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

28 February 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 112 (b)


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

            [on the report of the Third Committee (A/50/635/Add.2)]


            50/177.     United Nations Decade for Human Rights
                        Education

      The General Assembly,

      Guided by the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights,  1/

      Reaffirming article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human
Rights, according to which "education shall be directed to the full
development of the human personality and to the strengthening of
respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms",

      Recalling the provisions of other international human rights
instruments, such as those of article 13 of the International Covenant
on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights  2/ and article 28 of the
Convention on the Rights of the Child,  3/ that reflect the aims of
the aforementioned article,

      Taking into account Commission on Human rights resolution 1993/56
of 9 March 1993,  4/ in which the Commission recommended that
knowledge of human rights, both in its theoretical dimension and its
practical application, should be established as a priority in
educational policies,

      Convinced that human rights education should involve more than
the provision of information and should constitute a comprehensive
life-long process by which people at all levels in development and in
all strata of society learn respect for the dignity of others and the
means and methods of ensuring that respect in all societies,

      Convinced also that human rights education contributes to a
concept of development consistent with the dignity of women and men of
all ages that takes into account the diverse segments of society such
as children, indigenous people, minorities and disabled persons,

      Taking into account the efforts to promote human rights education
made by educators and non-governmental organizations in all parts of
the world, as well as by intergovernmental organizations, including
the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization,
the International Labour Organization and the United Nations
Children's Fund,

      Convinced that each woman, man and child, to realize their full
human potential, must be made aware of all their human rights - civil,
cultural, economic, political and social,

      Believing that human rights education constitutes an important
vehicle for the elimination of gender-based discrimination and
ensuring equal opportunities through the promotion and protection of
the human rights of women,

      Aware of the experience in human rights education of United
Nations peace-building operations, including the United Nations
Observer Mission in El Salvador and the United Nations Transitional
Authority in Cambodia,

      Considering the World Plan of Action on Education for Human
Rights and Democracy,  5/ adopted by the International Congress on
Education for Human Rights and Democracy convened by the United
Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization at Montreal
from 8 to 11 March 1993, according to which education for human rights
and democracy is itself a human right and a prerequisite for the
realization of human rights, democracy and social justice,

      Bearing in mind the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action,
adopted by the World Conference on Human Rights on 25 June 1993, 
6/ in particular section II, paragraphs 78 to 82 thereof,

      Recalling that it is the responsibility of the United Nations
High Commissioner for Human Rights to coordinate relevant United
Nations education and public information programmes in the field of
human rights,

      Recalling its resolution 49/184 of 23 December 1994, by which it
proclaimed the ten-year period beginning on 1 January 1995 the United
Nations Decade for Human Rights Education, welcomed the Plan of Action
for the Decade,  7/ and requested the High Commissioner to
coordinate the implementation of the Plan of Action,

      Taking note of the report of the High Commissioner to the General
Assembly,  8/ in which he stated that human rights education was
essential for the encouragement of harmonious intercommunity
relations, for mutual tolerance and understanding and, finally, for
peace,

      1.    Takes note with appreciation of the report of the United
Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on the implementation of
the Plan of Action for the United Nations Decade for Human Rights
Education,  9/ submitted in accordance with General Assembly
resolution 49/184;

      2.    Appeals to all Governments to contribute to the
implementation of the Plan of Action, and in particular, in accordance
with national conditions, to establish a national focal point
(national committee) for human rights education and a resource and
training centre for human rights education or, where such a centre
already exists, to work towards its strengthening, and to develop and
implement an action-oriented national plan for human rights education,
as foreseen in the Plan of Action;

      3.    Requests the High Commissioner to coordinate the
implementation of the Plan of Action and to carry out the tasks
enumerated therein;

      4.    Requests the Centre for Human Rights of the Secretariat and
the Commission on Human Rights, in cooperation with the existing human
rights monitoring bodies, United Nations specialized agencies and
programmes and other competent intergovernmental and non-governmental
organizations, to support efforts by the High Commissioner in the
implementation of the Plan of Action;

      5.    Requests the existing human rights monitoring bodies to
place emphasis on the implementation by Member States of their
international obligation to promote human rights education;

      6.    Invites all relevant specialized agencies, in particular the
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization and
the International Labour Organization, United Nations bodies,
especially the United Nations Children's Fund, and other
intergovernmental organizations to contribute, within their respective
spheres of competence, to the implementation of the Plan of Action and
to cooperate with the High Commissioner for that purpose;

      7.    Calls upon international, regional and national
non-governmental organizations, in particular those concerned with
women, labour, development and the environment, as well as other
social justice groups, human rights advocates, educators, religious
organizations and the media, to increase their involvement in formal
and non-formal education in human rights and to cooperate with the
High Commissioner and the Centre for Human Rights in implementing the
Plan of Action;

      8.    Requests the Secretary-General to consider the possibility
of establishing a voluntary fund for human rights education, with
special provision for the support of the human rights education
activities of non-governmental organizations, to be administered by
the Centre for Human Rights;

      9.    Requests the Secretary-General to bring the present
resolution to the attention of all members of the international
community and to intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations
concerned with human rights and education;

      10.   Decides to consider this matter at its fifty-first session
under the item entitled "Human rights questions".


                                                          99th plenary meeting
                                                              22 December 1995


                                     Notes

1/          Resolution 217 A (III).

2/          See resolution 2200 A (XXI), annex.

3/          Resolution 44/25, annex.

4/          See Official Records of the Economic and Social Council,
1993, Supplement No. 3 (E/1993/23), chap. II, sect. A.

5/          See A/CONF.157/PC/42/Add.6.

6/          A/CONF.157/24 (Part I), chap. III.

7/          A/49/261/Add.1-E/1994/110/Add.1, annex.

8/          A/50/36, para. 54.

9/          A/50/698, annex.

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