United Nations

A/RES/50/174


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

27 February 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 112 (b)


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

            [on the report of the Third Committee (A/50/635/Add.2)]


            50/174.  Strengthening of United Nations action
                     in the human rights field through the
                     promotion of international cooperation
                     and the importance of non-selectivity,
                     impartiality and objectivity

      The General Assembly,

      Reaffirming its faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity
and worth of the human person and the equal rights of men and women
and of nations large and small, and reaffirming also its determination
to promote social progress and better standards of living in greater
freedom,

      Bearing in mind that among the purposes of the United Nations are
those of developing friendly relations among nations based on respect
for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples
and taking other appropriate measures to strengthen universal peace,
as well as achieving international cooperation in solving
international problems of an economic, social, cultural or
humanitarian character and in promoting and encouraging respect for
human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as
to race, sex, language or religion,

      Recalling that, in accordance with Article 55 of the Charter of
the United Nations, the Organization shall promote universal respect
for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms for all,
with a view to the creation of conditions of stability and well-being
that are necessary for peaceful and friendly relations among nations,
based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-
determination of peoples and that, in accordance with Article 56, all
Members pledge themselves to take joint and separate action in
cooperation with the Organization for the achievement of the purposes
set forth in Article 55,

      Reiterating that Member States should continue to act in the
human rights field in conformity with the provisions of the Charter,

      Desirous of achieving further progress in international
cooperation in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and
fundamental freedoms,

      Considering that such international cooperation should be based
on the principles embodied in international law, especially the
Charter, as well as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,  1/
the International Covenants on Human Rights  2/ and other relevant
instruments,

      Deeply convinced that United Nations action in this field should
be based not only on a profound understanding of the broad range of
problems existing in all societies but also on full respect for the
political, economic and social realities of each of them, in strict
compliance with the purposes and principles of the Charter and for the
basic purpose of promoting and encouraging respect for human rights
and fundamental freedoms through international cooperation,

      Reaffirming all its resolutions in this regard,

      Bearing in mind its resolutions 2131 (XX) of 21 December 1965,
2625 (XXV) of 24 October 1970 and 36/103 of 9 December 1981,

      Reaffirming the importance of ensuring the universality,
objectivity and non-selectivity of the consideration of human rights
issues, as affirmed in the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action,
adopted by the World Conference on Human Rights on 25 June 1993,  3/

      Aware of the fact that the promotion, protection and full
exercise of all human rights and fundamental freedoms as legitimate
concerns of the world community should be guided by the principles of
universality, non-selectivity, impartiality and objectivity and should
not be used for political ends,

      Affirming the importance of the objectivity, independence and
discretion of the special rapporteurs and representatives on thematic
issues and countries, as well as of the members of the working groups,
in carrying out their mandates,

      Affirming also the need to cooperate so as to strengthen,
rationalize and streamline United Nations activities on human rights,
taking into account the need to avoid unnecessary duplication,

      Underlining the obligation that Governments have to promote and
protect human rights and to carry out the responsibilities that they
have undertaken under international law, especially the Charter, as
well as various international instruments in the field of human
rights,

      1.    Reiterates that, by virtue of the principle of equal rights
and self-determination of peoples enshrined in the Charter of the
United Nations, all peoples have the right freely to determine,
without external interference, their political status and to pursue
their economic, social and cultural development, and that every State
has the duty to respect that right within the provisions of the
Charter, including respect for territorial integrity;

      2.    Reaffirms that it is a purpose of the United Nations and the
task of all Member States, in cooperation with the Organization, to
promote and encourage respect for human rights and fundamental
freedoms and to remain vigilant with regard to violations of human
rights wherever they occur;

      3.    Calls upon all Member States to base their activities for
the protection and promotion of human rights, including the
development of further international cooperation in this field, on the
Charter, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International
Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 2/ the International
Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 2/ and other relevant
international instruments, and to refrain from activities that are
inconsistent with that international framework;

      4.    Considers that international cooperation in this field
should make an effective and practical contribution to the urgent task
of preventing mass and flagrant violations of human rights and
fundamental freedoms for all and to the strengthening of international
peace and security;

      5.    Affirms that the promotion, protection, and full realization
of all human rights and fundamental freedoms, as legitimate concerns
of the world community, should be guided by the principles of non-
selectivity, impartiality and objectivity, and should not be used for
political ends;

      6.    Requests all human rights bodies within the United Nations
system, as well as the special rapporteurs and representatives,
independent experts and working groups, to take duly into account the
contents of the present resolution in carrying out their mandates;

      7.    Expresses its conviction that an unbiased and fair approach
to human rights issues contributes to the promotion of international
cooperation as well as to the effective promotion, protection and
realization of human rights and fundamental freedoms;

      8.    Stresses, in this context, the continuing need for impartial
and objective information on the political, economic and social
situations and events of all countries;

      9.    Invites Member States to consider adopting, as appropriate,
within the framework of their respective legal systems and in
accordance with their obligations under international law, especially
the Charter, and international human rights instruments, the measures
that they may deem appropriate to achieve further progress in
international cooperation in promoting and encouraging respect for
human rights and fundamental freedoms;

      10.   Requests the Commission on Human Rights to take duly into
account the present resolution and to consider further proposals for
the strengthening of United Nations action in the human rights field
through the promotion of international cooperation and the importance
of non-selectivity, impartiality and objectivity; 

      11.   Decides to consider this matter at its fifty-first session
under the item entitled "Human rights questions".


                                                          99th plenary meeting
                                                              22 December 1995


                                     Notes

1/          Resolution 217 A (III).

2/          Resolution 2200 A (XXI), annex.

3/          A/CONF.157/24 (Part I), chap. III. 

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