United Nations

A/RES/50/172


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

27 February 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 112 (b)


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

            [on the report of the Third Committee (A/50/635/Add.2)]


            50/172.     Respect for the principles of national
                        sovereignty and non-interference in
                        the internal affairs of States in
                        their electoral processes

      The General Assembly,

      Reaffirming the purpose of the United Nations to develop friendly
relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal
rights and self-determination of peoples and to take other appropriate
measures to strengthen universal peace,

      Recalling its resolution 1514 (XV) of 14 December 1960,
containing the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial
Countries and Peoples,

      Recalling also its resolution 2625 (XXV) of 24 October 1970, by
which it approved the Declaration on Principles of International Law
concerning Friendly Relations and Cooperation among States in
accordance with the Charter of the United Nations,


      Recalling further the principle enshrined in Article 2,
paragraph 7, of the Charter of the United Nations, which establishes
that nothing contained in the Charter shall authorize the United
Nations to intervene in matters which are essentially within the
domestic jurisdiction of any State or shall require the Members to
submit such matters to settlement under the Charter,

      Reaffirming the obligation of Member States to comply with the
principles of the Charter and the resolutions of the United Nations
regarding the right to self-determination, by virtue of which all
peoples can freely determine, without external interference, their
political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural
development,

      Reaffirming also, in this context, the right of the Palestinian
people to self-determination,

      Recognizing that the principles of national sovereignty and
non-interference in the internal affairs of any State should be
respected in the holding of elections,

      Recognizing also that there is no single political system or
single universal model for electoral processes equally suited to all
nations and their peoples, and that political systems and electoral
processes are subject to historical, political, cultural and religious
factors,

      Convinced that the establishment of the necessary mechanisms and
means to guarantee full and effective popular participation in
electoral processes corresponds to States,

      Recalling all its resolutions in this regard,

      Welcoming the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, adopted
by the World Conference on Human Rights on 25 June 1993,  1/ in
which the Conference reaffirmed that the processes of promoting and
protecting human rights should be conducted in conformity with the
purposes and principles of the Charter,

      1.    Reiterates that, by virtue of the principle of equal rights
and self-determination of peoples enshrined in the Charter of the
United Nations, all peoples have the right, freely and without
external interference, to determine their political status and to
pursue their economic, social and cultural development, and that every
State has the duty to respect that right in accordance with the
provisions of the Charter;

      2.    Reaffirms that it is the concern solely of peoples to
determine methods and to establish institutions regarding the
electoral process, as well as to determine the ways for its
implementation according to their constitution and national
legislation, and that, consequently, States should establish the
necessary mechanisms and means to guarantee full and effective popular
participation in those processes;

      3.    Reaffirms also that any activities that attempt, directly or
indirectly, to interfere in the free development of national electoral
processes, in particular in the developing countries, or that are
intended to sway the results of such processes, violate the spirit and
letter of the principles established in the Charter and in the
Declaration on Principles of International Law concerning Friendly
Relations and Cooperation among States in accordance with the Charter
of the United Nations;

      4.    Reaffirms further that electoral assistance to Member States
should be provided by the United Nations only at the request and with
the consent of specific sovereign States, by virtue of resolutions
adopted by the Security Council or the General Assembly in each case,
in strict conformity with the principles of sovereignty and
non-interference in the internal affairs of States, or in special
circumstances such as cases of decolonization, or in the context of
regional or international peace processes;

      5.    Strongly appeals to all States to refrain from financing or
providing, directly or indirectly, any other form of overt or covert
support for political parties or groups and from taking actions to
undermine the electoral processes in any country;

      6.    Condemns any act of armed aggression or threat or use of
force against peoples, their elected Governments or their legitimate
leaders;

      7.    Reaffirms that all countries have the obligation under the
Charter to respect the right of others to self-determination and to
determine freely their political status and pursue their economic,
social and cultural development;

      8.    Decides to consider this question at its fifty-second
session under the item entitled "Human rights questions".


                                                          99th plenary meeting
                                                              22 December 1995


                                     Notes

1/          A/CONF.157/24 (Part I), chap. III.

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