United Nations

A/RES/50/168


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

16 February 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 107


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

         [on the report of the Third Committee (A/50/630 and Corr.1)]


            50/168.     Violence against women migrant workers

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolutions 47/96 of 16 December 1992, 48/110 of
20 December 1993 and 49/165 of 23 December 1994, as well as Commission
on the Status of Women resolution 38/7 of 18 March 1994,  1/ and
taking note of Commission on the Status of Women resolution 39/7 of
31 March 1995  2/ and Commission on Human Rights resolution 1995/20
of 24 February 1995,  3/

      Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General,  4/

      Taking note with concern of the report of the Working Group on
Contemporary Forms of Slavery of the Subcommission on Prevention of
Discrimination and Protection of Minorities on its twentieth session,
 5/ in particular its observations with respect to the treatment
of migrant workers,

      Acknowledging the preliminary report of the Special Rapporteur of
the Commission on Human Rights on violence against women, its causes
and its consequences,  6/

      Stressing that the promotion of the human rights of women
constitutes an integral part of human rights activities of the United
Nations, as reaffirmed in the Vienna Declaration and Programme of
Action, adopted by the World Conference on Human Rights on 25 June
1993,  7/

      Affirming the Programme of Action of the International Conference
on Population and Development,  8/ which called upon all countries
to take full measures to eliminate all forms of exploitation, abuse,
harassment and violence against women,

      Welcoming the Copenhagen Declaration on Social Development and
the Programme of Action of the World Summit for Social Development,
adopted by the World Summit on 12 March 1995,  9/ which declared
that countries should take concrete measures against the exploitation
of migrants,

      Welcoming also the Beijing Declaration and the Platform for
Action, adopted by the Fourth World Conference on Women on 15
September 1995,  10/ which recognized the vulnerability to
violence and other forms of abuse of women migrants, including women
migrant workers, whose legal status in the host country depends on
employers who may exploit their situations,

      Noting the large numbers of women from developing countries and
from some countries with economies in transition who continue to
venture forth to more affluent countries in search of a living for
themselves and their families, as a consequence of poverty,
unemployment and other socio-economic conditions, while acknowledging
the primary duty of States to work for conditions that provide
employment and security to their citizens,

      Concerned by the continuing reports of grave abuses and acts of
violence committed against the persons of women migrant workers by
some employers in some host countries,

      Encouraged by some measures adopted by some receiving countries
to alleviate the plight of women migrant workers residing within their
areas of jurisdiction,

      Reiterating that acts of violence directed against women impair
or nullify their enjoyment of their human rights and fundamental
freedoms,


      1.    Determines to prevent and eliminate all forms of violence
against women and girls;

      2.    Calls upon States Members of the United Nations to adopt
measures for the effective implementation of the Declaration on the
Elimination of Violence against Women,  11/ including applying
them to women migrant workers, as well as all relevant measures
emanating from recent world conferences;

      3.    Encourages Member States to enact and/or reinforce penal,
civil, labour and administrative sanctions in domestic legislation to
punish and redress the wrongs done to women and girls who are
subjected to any form of violence, whether in the home, the workplace,
the community or society;

      4.    Also encourages Member States to adopt and/or implement and
periodically to review and analyse legislation to ensure its
effectiveness in eliminating violence against women, emphasizing the
prevention of violence and the prosecution of offenders, and to take
measures to ensure the protection of women subjected to violence and
that they have access to just and effective remedies, including
compensation and indemnification and healing of victims, and for the
rehabilitation of perpetrators;

      5.    Reiterates the need for States concerned, specifically the
sending and receiving States of women migrant workers, to conduct
regular consultations for the purpose of identifying problem areas in
promoting and protecting the rights of women migrant workers and
ensuring health, legal and social services for them, adopting specific
measures to address these problems, setting up, as necessary,
linguistically and culturally accessible services and mechanisms to
implement these measures and, in general, creating conditions that
foster greater harmony and tolerance between women migrant workers and
the rest of the society in which they reside;

      6.    Encourages Member States to consider signing and ratifying
or acceding to the International Convention on the Protection of the
Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, 
12/ as well as the Slavery Convention of 1926;  13/

      7.    Recommends that the issue of violence against women migrant
workers be included in the agenda of the inter-agency meeting that
precedes the regular session of the Commission on the Status of Women;

      8.    Requests the Secretary-General to convene a meeting of an
expert group, with the participation of the Special Rapporteur of the
Commission on Human Rights on violence against women and under the
regular programme of the Division for the Advancement of Women of the
Secretariat, to submit recommendations for improving coordination of
the various efforts of United Nations agencies on the issue of
violence against women migrant workers and to develop concrete
indicators as a basis for determining the situation of women migrant
workers for submission, through normal channels, to the General
Assembly at its fifty-first session;

      9.    Requests the United Nations High Commissioner for Human
Rights, the Centre for Human Rights of the Secretariat and the Special
Rapporteur, as well as all relevant bodies and programmes in the
United Nations system, when addressing the issue of violence against
women, to give particular attention to the issue of violence
perpetrated against women migrant workers and to submit reports
thereon to the General Assembly;

      10.   Invites trade unions to support the realization of the
rights of women migrant workers by assisting them in organizing
themselves so as to enable them better to assert their rights;

      11.   Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-first session on the implementation of the
present resolution, including on reports received from all authorities
and bodies in the United Nations system, Member States,
intergovernmental organizations and other concerned bodies, with due
regard for possible measures to improve the reporting procedure.


                                                          99th plenary meeting
                                                              22 December 1995


                                     Notes

1/          Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1994,
Supplement No. 7 (E/1994/27), chap. I, sect. C. 

2/          Ibid., 1995, Supplement No. 6 (E/1995/26), chap. I, sect. C.

3/          Ibid., Supplement No. 3 (E/1995/23 and Corr.1 and 2),
chap. II.

4/          A/50/378.

5/          E/CN.4/Sub.2/1995/28 and Add.1.

6/          E/CN.4/1995/42.

7/          A/CONF.157/24 (Part I), chap. III.

8/          Report of the International Conference on Population and
Development, Cairo, 5-13 September 1994 (United Nations publication,
Sales No. E.95.XIII.18), chap. I, resolution 1, annex.

9/          A/CONF.166/9, chap. I, resolution 1, annexes I and II.

10/         A/CONF.177/20, chap. I, resolution 1, annexes I and II.

11/         Resolution 48/104.

12/         Resolution 45/158, annex.

13/         United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 212, No. 2861.

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