United Nations

A/RES/50/167


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

16 February 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 107


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

         [on the report of the Third Committee (A/50/630 and Corr.1)]


            50/167.     Traffic in women and girls

      The General Assembly,

      Reaffirming the principles set forth in the Universal Declaration
of Human Rights,  1/ the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms
of Discrimination against Women,  2/ the International Covenants on
Human Rights,  3/ the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel,
Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment,  4/ the Convention on
the Rights of the Child  5/ and the Declaration on the Elimination
of Violence against
Women,  6/

      Recalling that the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action,
adopted by the World Conference on Human Rights on 25 June 1993,  7/
affirmed the human rights of women and the girl child as an
inalienable, integral and indivisible part of universal human rights,

      Welcoming the Programme of Action of the International Conference
on Population and Development  8/ which, inter alia, called upon all
Governments to prevent all international trafficking in migrants,
especially for the purpose of prostitution, and for the adoption by
Governments of both receiving countries and countries of origin of
effective sanctions against those who organize undocumented migration,
exploit undocumented migrants or engage in trafficking in undocumented
migrants, especially those who engage in any form of international
traffic of women and children,

      Recalling the recognition by the World Summit for Social
Development, held at Copenhagen from 6 to 12 March 1995,  9/ of the
danger to society of the trafficking in women and children,

      Welcoming the initiatives taken by the Commission on Crime
Prevention and Criminal Justice  10/ and the Ninth United Nations
Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders,
held at Cairo from 29 April to 8 May 1995,  11/ towards
criminalizing clandestine traffic in illegal migrants,

      Concurring with the conclusion in the Platform for Action adopted
by the Fourth World Conference on Women at Beijing on 15 September
1995,  12/ that the effective suppression of trafficking in women
and girls for the sex trade is a matter of pressing international
concern,

      Recalling its resolution 49/166 of 23 December 1994, and taking
note of Commission on the Status of Women resolution 39/6 of 29 March
1995,  13/

      Acknowledging the work done by intergovernmental and non-
governmental organizations in compiling information on the scale and
complexity of the problem of trafficking, in providing shelters for
trafficked women and children and in effecting their voluntary
repatriation to their countries of origin,

      Noting with concern the increasing number of women and girl
children from developing countries and from some countries with
economies in transition who are being victimized by traffickers, and
acknowledging that the problem of trafficking also victimizes young
boys,

      Convinced of the need to eliminate all forms of sexual violence
and sexual trafficking, including for prostitution and other forms of
commercial sex, which are violations of the human rights of women and
girl children and are incompatible with the dignity and worth of the
human person,

      Realizing the urgent need for the adoption of effective measures
nationally, regionally and internationally to protect women and girl
children from this nefarious traffic,

      1.    Takes note with appreciation of the report of the Secretary-
General on the traffic in women and girls;  14/

      2.    Appeals to Governments to take appropriate measures to
address the root factors, including external factors, that encourage
trafficking in women and girls for prostitution and other forms of
commercialized sex, forced marriages and forced labour, so as to
eliminate trafficking in women, including by strengthening existing
legislation with a view to providing better protection of the rights
of women and girls and to punishing perpetrators, through both
criminal and civil measures;

      3.    Invites Governments to combat trafficking in women and
children through nationally and internationally coordinated measures,
at the same time establishing or strengthening institutions for the
protection of the victims of trafficking of women and children, and to
ensure for victims the necessary assistance, including legal support
services that are linguistically and culturally accessible, for their
full protection, treatment and rehabilitation;

      4.    Also invites Governments to consider the development of
standard minimum rules for the humanitarian treatment of trafficked
persons, consistent with human rights standards;

      5.    Urges concerned Governments to support comprehensive,
practical approaches by the international community to assist women
and children victims of transnational trafficking to return home and
be reintegrated into their home societies;

      6.    Encourages Member States to consider signing and ratifying
or acceding to the Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in
Persons and the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others,  15/
international agreements on the suppression of slavery and other
relevant international instruments;

      7.    Invites the United Nations High Commissioner for Human
Rights, in addressing the obstacles to the realization of the human
rights of women, in particular, through his contacts with the Special
Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on violence against women
and the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the
sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, to include
the traffic in women and girls among his priority concerns;


      8.    Also encourages the Centre for Human Rights of the
Secretariat to include the traffic in women and girls in its programme
of work under its advisory, training and information services, with a
view to providing assistance to member Governments, upon their
request, in instituting preventive measures against trafficking
through education and appropriate information campaigns;

      9.    Requests the Commission on Human Rights to encourage the
Working Group on Contemporary Forms of Slavery of the Subcommission on
Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities to continue
to address the issue of the traffic in women and girls under its draft
programme of action on the traffic in persons and the exploitation of
the prostitution of others;  16/

      10.   Requests the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal
Justice to consider appropriate follow-up to the Ninth United Nations
Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders on
measures to address the problem of trafficking in women and children
and to submit a report thereon to the Secretary-General, through the
usual channels, for inclusion in his report to the General Assembly;

      11.   Invites relevant intergovernmental and non-governmental
organizations to provide advisory services to Governments, upon their
request, in planning and setting up rehabilitation programmes for
victims of trafficking and in training personnel who will be directly
involved in the implementation of these programmes;

      12.   Decides to focus the International Day for the Abolition of
Slavery, 2 December 1996, on the problem of trafficking in human
persons, especially women and children, and to devote one meeting of
the fifty-first session of the General Assembly to the discussion of
this problem;

      13.   Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General
Assembly at its fifty-first session, under the item entitled
"Advancement of women", a comprehensive report on the implementation
of the present resolution, with due regard for possible measures to
improve the reporting procedure.


                                                          99th plenary meeting
                                                              22 December 1995


                                     Notes

1/          Resolution 217 A (III).

2/          Resolution 34/180, annex.

3/          Resolution 2200 A (XXI), annex.

4/          Resolution 39/46, annex.

5/          Resolution 44/25, annex.

6/          Resolution 48/104.

7/          A/CONF.157/24 (Part I), chap. III.

8/          Report of the International Conference on Population and
Development, Cairo, 5-13 September 1994 (United Nations publication,
Sales No. E.95.XIII.18), chap. I, resolution 1, annex, chap. X.

9/          See A/CONF.166/9.

10/         See Official Records of the Economic and Social Council,
1995, Supplement No. 10 (E/1995/30), chap. I, sect. B.III.

11/         See A/CONF.169/16.

12/         A/CONF.177/20, chap. I, resolution 1, annex II.

13/         See Official Records of the Economic and Social Council,
1995, Supplement No. 6 (E/1995/26), chap. I, sect. C.

14/         A/50/369.

15/         Resolution 317 (IV), annex.

16/         See E/CN.4/Sub.2/1995/28/Add.1.

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