United Nations


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

16 February 1996


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 107


         [on the report of the Third Committee (A/50/630 and Corr.1)]

            50/165.     Improvement of the situation of women
                        in rural areas

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolution 34/14 of 9 November 1979, in which it
endorsed the Declaration of Principles and the Programme of Action as
adopted by the World Conference on Agrarian Reform and Rural
Development,  1/ and its resolutions 44/78 of 8 December 1989 and
48/109 of 20 December 1993,

      Recalling also the importance attached to the problems of rural
women by the Nairobi Forward-looking Strategies for the Advancement of
Women  2/ and by the Beijing Declaration and the Platform for Action
adopted by the Fourth World Conference on Women on 15 September 1995,

      Recalling further its resolution 47/174 of 22 December 1992, in
which it welcomed the adoption of the Geneva Declaration for Rural
Women by the Summit on the Economic Advancement of Rural Women, held
at Geneva in February 1992,  4/ and urged all States to work for
the achievement of the goals endorsed in the Declaration,

      Welcoming the growing awareness of Governments of the need for
strategies and programmes to improve the situation of women in rural

      Noting with deep concern that the economic and financial crises
in many developing countries have severely affected the socio-economic
status of women, especially in rural areas, and the continuing rise in
the number of rural women living in poverty,

      Recognizing the urgent need to take appropriate measures aimed at
further improving the situation of women in rural areas,

      1.    Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General;  5/

      2.    Invites Member States, in their efforts to implement the
outcome of the United Nations Conference on Environment and
Development, the World Conference on Human Rights, the International
Conference on Population and Development, the World Summit for Social
Development and the Fourth World Conference on Women, bearing in mind
also the Geneva Declaration for Rural Women, to attach greater
importance to the improvement of the situation of rural women in their
national development strategies, paying special attention to both
their practical and their strategic needs, by, inter alia:

      (a)   Integrating the concerns of rural women into national
development policies and programmes, in particular by placing a higher
priority on budgetary allocation related to the interests of rural

      (b)   Strengthening national machineries and establishing
institutional linkages among governmental bodies in various sectors
and non-governmental organizations that are concerned with rural

      (c)   Increasing the participation of rural women in the decision-
making process;

      (d)   Undertaking necessary measures to give rural women full and
equal access to productive resources, including the right to
inheritance and to ownership of land and other property,
credit/capital, natural resources, appropriate technologies, markets
and information, and meeting their basic requirements in water and

      (e)   Investing in the human resources of rural women,
particularly through health and literacy programmes and social support

      3.    Requests the international community and relevant United
Nations organizations and bodies to promote the realization of the
programmes and projects aimed at the improvement of the situation of
rural women within the overall framework of integrated follow-up to
recent global conferences;

      4.    Invites the World Food Summit to be convened by the Food and
Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in 1996 to give due
consideration to the issue of improving the situation of rural women,
taking into account their role in food production and food security,
and the United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II) to
give due consideration to the gender aspects of rural-urban migration
and its impact on the situation of rural women, in formulating
relevant strategies and actions;

      5.    Requests the Secretary-General to prepare, in consultation
with Member States and relevant United Nations organizations, a report
on the implementation of the present resolution and to submit it,
through the Economic and Social Council, to the General Assembly at
its fifty-second session, taking into account possible measures to
improve the reporting procedure.

                                                          99th plenary meeting
                                                              22 December 1995


1/          See Report of the World Conference on Agrarian Reform and
Rural Development, Rome, 12-20 July 1979 (WCARRD/REP), transmitted to
the General Assembly by a note by the Secretary-General (A/34/485).

2/          Report of the World Conference to Review and Appraise the
Achievements of the United Nations Decade for Women:  Equality,
Development and Peace, Nairobi, 15-26 July 1985 (United Nations
publication, Sales No. E.85.IV.10), chap. I, sect. A.

3/          A/CONF.177/20, chap. I, resolution 1, annexes I and II.

4/          A/47/308-E/1992/97, annex.

5/          A/50/257/Rev.1-E/1995/61/Rev.1.

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