United Nations

A/RES/50/161


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

1 March 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 161


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

         [without reference to a Main Committee (A/50/L.66 and Add.1)]


            50/161.  Implementation of the outcome of the
                     World Summit for Social Development


      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolutions 46/139 of 17 December 1991, 47/92 of
16 December 1992 and 48/100 of 20 December 1993,

      Recalling also Economic and Social Council decision 1991/230 of
30 May 1991, resolutions 1992/27 of 30 July 1992 and 1995/60 of
28 July 1995, and agreed conclusions 1995/1 of 28 July 1995,  1/

      Having considered the report of the World Summit for Social
Development, held at Copenhagen from 6 to 12 March 1995,  2/

      Expressing its profound gratitude to the Government and people of
Denmark for the hospitality extended to all participants at the Summit
and for the facilities, staff and services placed at their disposal,

      Expressing its satisfaction that for the first time in history,
at the invitation of the United Nations, heads of State and Government
gathered at Copenhagen to recognize the significance of social
development and human well-being for all and to give to those goals
the highest priority both now and into the twenty-first century by
reaching a successful conclusion and adopting the Copenhagen
Declaration on Social Development and Programme of Action of the World
Summit for Social Development,  3/


           Critical importance of national action and international
                      cooperation for social development

      1.    Takes note with appreciation of the report of the World
Summit for Social Development;

      2.    Takes note also of the report of the Secretary-General of 26
October 1995 on implementation of the outcome of the World Summit for
Social Development;  4/

      3.    Endorses the Copenhagen Declaration on Social Development
 5/ and the Programme of Action of the World Summit for Social
Development,  6/ adopted on 12 March 1995;

      4.    Reaffirms the pledge by the heads of State and Government at
the Summit to give highest priority to national, regional and
international policies and actions for the promotion of social
progress, justice and the betterment of the human condition, based on
full participation by all;

      5.    Recognizes the necessity to create a framework for action to
place people at the centre of development and direct economies to meet
human needs more effectively;

      6.    Stresses the need for a renewed and massive political will
at the national and international levels to invest in people and their
well-being to achieve the objectives of social development;

      7.    Emphasizes that economic development, social development and
environmental protection are interdependent and mutually reinforcing
components of sustainable development;

      8.    Recognizes that social development and the implementation of
the Programme of Action are primarily the responsibility of
Governments, although international cooperation and assistance are
essential for their full implementation;

      9.    Reiterates the call to Governments to define time-bound
goals and targets for reducing overall poverty and eradicating
absolute poverty, expanding employment and reducing unemployment, and
enhancing social integration, within each national context;

      10.   Emphasizes that there is a need for promotion of an
integrated and multidimensional approach for the implementation of the
Declaration and Programme of Action at all levels;

      11.   Also reiterates the call for formulating or strengthening by
1996 comprehensive cross-sectoral strategies for implementing the
outcome of the Summit and national strategies for social development,
including government action, actions by States in cooperation with
other Governments and  international, regional and subregional
organizations, and actions taken in partnership and cooperation with
actors of civil society, the private sector and cooperatives, with
specific responsibilities to be undertaken by each actor and with
agreed priorities and time-frames;

      12.   Further reiterates the call for regularly assessing national
progress towards implementing the outcome of the Summit, possibly in
the form of periodic national reports, outlining successes, problems
and obstacles; such reports could be considered within the framework
of an appropriate consolidated reporting system, taking into account
the different reporting procedures in the economic, social and
environmental fields;

      13.   Reaffirms the need for effective partnership and cooperation
between Governments and the relevant actors of civil society, the
social partners, the major groups as defined in Agenda 21,  7/
including non-governmental organizations and the private sector, in
the implementation of and follow-up to the Declaration and Programme
of Action, and for ensuring their involvement in the planning,
elaboration, implementation and evaluation of social policies at the
national level;

      14.   Recognizes that the implementation of the Declaration and
Programme of Action will require the mobilization of financial
resources at the national and international levels, as set out in
commitments 8 and 9 of the Declaration and paragraphs 87 to 93 of the
Programme of Action; 

      15.   Also recognizes that the implementation of the Declaration
and Programme of Action in developing countries, in particular in
Africa and the least developed countries, will need additional
financial resources and more effective development cooperation and
assistance;

      16.   Concurs that substantial debt reduction is needed to enable
developing countries to implement the Declaration and Programme of
Action, as set out in commitment 9 (o) of the Declaration and
paragraph 90 of the Programme of Action;

      17.   Reaffirms the importance of agreeing on a mutual commitment
between interested developed and developing country partners to
allocate, on average, 20 per cent of official development assistance
and 20 per cent of the national budget, respectively, to basic social
programmes;

      18.   Recognizes the necessity of providing appropriate technical
cooperation and other forms of assistance to the countries with
economies in transition, as set out in the provisions of the
Declaration and Programme of Action;

      19.   Urges the Secretary-General, in cooperation with the World
Bank, the International Monetary Fund and other multilateral
development institutions, to study the impact of structural adjustment
programmes on economic and social development and to assist adjusting
countries in creating conditions for economic growth, job creation,
poverty eradication and social development;

      20.   Encourages Governments as well as public and private
institutions and organizations to take initiatives relevant to the
high priority attached by the Summit to social development and to the
implementation of the objectives and commitments adopted at the
Summit;


                     The role of the United Nations system

      21.   Calls upon all relevant organs, organizations and bodies of
the United Nations system to be involved in the follow-up to the
Summit, and invites specialized agencies and related organizations of
the United Nations system to strengthen and adjust their activities,
programmes and medium-term strategies, as appropriate, to take into
account the follow-up to the Summit;

      22.   Reaffirms that the follow-up to the Summit will be
undertaken on the basis of an integrated approach to social
development and within the framework of a coordinated follow-up to and
implementation of the results of the major international conferences
in the economic, social and related fields;

      23.   Decides that the General Assembly, through its role in
policy formulation, the Economic and Social Council, through its role
in overall guidance and coordination, in accordance with their
respective roles under the Charter of the United Nations and with
Assembly resolution 48/162 of 20 December 1993, and a revitalized
Commission for Social Development shall constitute a three-tiered
intergovernmental process in the follow-up to the implementation of
the Declaration and Programme of Action;

      24.   Also decides to hold a special session of the General
Assembly in the year 2000 for an overall review and appraisal of the
implementation of the outcome of the Summit and to consider further
actions and initiatives;

      25.   Also reaffirms that the Economic and Social Council will
provide overall guidance and oversee system-wide coordination in the
implementation of the outcome of the Summit and make recommendations
in this regard;

      26.   Requests the Economic and Social Council, so that it can
review progress made towards implementing the outcome of the Summit as
well as improving its own effectiveness, to continue examining ways,
consistent with the mandates of the Charter and in accordance with
General Assembly resolutions 45/264 of 13 May 1991, 46/235 of
13 April 1992 and 48/162, to strengthen its role, authority,
structures, resources and processes, bringing specialized agencies
into a closer working relationship with it;

      27.   Invites the Economic and Social Council to review the
reporting system in the area of social development with a view to
establishing a coherent system that could result in clear policy
recommendations for Governments and international actors;

      28.   Calls upon the Commission for Social Development, as a
functional commission of the Economic and Social Council with the
primary responsibility for the follow-up to and review of the
implementation of the Summit, to develop a multi-year programme of
work to the year 2000, selecting specific themes and addressing them
from an interrelated and integrated perspective, in a manner
consistent with the functions and contributions of other relevant
organs, organizations and bodies of the United Nations system, and to
present its recommendations to the Council, which should ensure
harmonization between such a multi-year programme of work and those of
other relevant functional commissions of the Council;

      29.   Endorses Economic and Social Council resolution 1995/60, and
calls upon the Commission for Social Development, when developing at
its next session its multi-year programme of work for the follow-up to
the Summit:

      (a)   To adapt its mandate in order to ensure an integrated
approach to social development;

      (b)   To integrate the current sectoral issues on its agenda in
the multi-year programme;

      (c)   To review and update its methods of work and to make
recommendations to ensure an effective follow-up to the Summit;

      (d)   To establish the practice of inviting experts to contribute
to its work;

      (e)   To consider integrating into its work high-level
representatives on social development issues and policies;

      30.   Requests the Commission for Social Development, in view of
the scope of its work, to consider at its next session the composition
of the membership of the Commission and the frequency of its sessions
and to make recommendations thereon to the Economic and Social
Council;

      31.   Also requests the Commission for Social Development to
establish the practice of involving the relevant actors of civil
society in the field of social development to contribute to its work,
and requests the Secretary-General to present proposals to the
Commission for Social Development and the Economic and Social Council
for consideration at their next sessions, taking into account the
experience gained in other functional commissions, the Council and the
International Labour Organization and at the Summit;

      32.   Requests the Economic and Social Council, without prejudice
to the outcome of the review of consultative arrangements by the Open-
ended Working Group on the Review of Arrangements for Consultations
with Non-Governmental Organizations, to consider authorizing the
participation at the next session of the Commission for Social
Development of interested civil society organizations that
participated, by accreditation, in the Summit;

      33.   Invites, within their mandates, the regional commissions, in
cooperation with the regional intergovernmental organizations and
banks, to consider convening, on a biennial basis, a meeting at a high
political level to review progress made towards implementing the
outcome of the Summit, to exchange views on their respective
experiences and to adopt the appropriate measures;

      34.   Emphasizes the important role of the Committee on Economic,
Social and Cultural Rights in monitoring those aspects of the
Declaration and Programme of Action that relate to compliance by
States parties with the International Covenant on Economic, Social and
Cultural Rights;

      35.   Notes the establishment of task forces for the follow-up to
the Summit and other related United Nations conferences, and invites
the Administrative Committee on Coordination to bring system-wide
coordination issues to the attention of the Economic and Social
Council, in particular its coordination segment, and to make
recommendations thereon;

      36.   Reiterates that United Nations operational activities should
be strengthened in order to contribute to the implementation of the
outcome of the Summit in accordance with relevant resolutions;

      37.   Requests the United Nations Development Programme to
facilitate the efforts of the United Nations system towards capacity-
building at the local, national and regional levels and to support the
coordinated implementation of social development programmes through
the resident coordinator system;

      38.   Invites the International Labour Organization, which,
because of its mandate, tripartite structure and expertise, has a
special role to play in social development in the field of employment,
to continue to contribute to the implementation of the Programme of
Action;

      39.   Invites the Bretton Woods institutions to be actively
involved in the implementation of and follow-up to the Summit and to
enhance their cooperation with other parts of the United Nations
system for this purpose;

      40.   Invites the World Trade Organization to consider how it
might contribute to the implementation of the Programme of Action,
including activities in cooperation with the United Nations system;

      41.   Invites the Secretary-General, including within the
framework of the Administrative Committee on Coordination, to make
appropriate arrangements, which may include joint meetings, for
consultations with the heads of the International Monetary Fund, the
World Bank, the International Labour Organization, the United Nations
funds and programmes, and other relevant agencies, for the purpose of
cooperating in the implementation of the Declaration and the Programme
of Action in their respective organizations;

      42.   Requests the Secretary-General to ensure an effectively
functioning secretariat, within which clear responsibility is assigned
to assist with the implementation of and follow-up to the Summit and
the servicing of the intergovernmental bodies involved;

      43.   Also requests the Secretary-General and the United Nations
bodies to take appropriate measures, in a coordinated manner, to
strengthen the United Nations capacity for gathering and analysing
information and developing indicators of social development, taking
into account the work carried out by different countries, in
particular by developing countries, as well as for providing policy
and technical support and advice, upon request, to improve national
capacities in this regard;

      44.   Decides that the trust fund of the World Summit for Social
Development, established in accordance with General Assembly
resolution 47/92 of 16 December 1992 to finance preparatory
activities, be continued and renamed the Trust Fund for the Follow-up
to the World Summit for Social Development, under the authority of the
Secretary-General, with the aim of supporting programmes, seminars and
activities for the promotion of social development in implementation
of the Declaration and Programme of Action, including activities of
the United Nations Decade for the Eradication of Poverty, and invites
all States to contribute to the Fund;

      45.   Requests the Economic and Social Council to consider new and
innovative ideas for generating funds and to offer for this purpose
any useful suggestions;

      46.   Calls upon the Secretary-General to disseminate as widely as
possible the Copenhagen Declaration on Social Development and
Programme of Action of the World Summit for Social Development,
including to all competent organs of the United Nations and the
specialized agencies;

      47.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
first session the item entitled "Implementation of the outcome of the
World Summit for Social Development", and to consider the implications
for a more coherent treatment of related items on its agenda in the
appropriate forums.


                                                          98th plenary meeting
                                                              22 December 1995


                                     Notes

1/          A/50/3, chap. III, para. 22.

2/          A/CONF.166/9.

3/          Ibid., chap. I, resolution 1.

4/          A/50/670.

5/          A/CONF.166/9, chap. I, annex I.

6/          Ibid., chap. I, annex II.

7/          Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and
Development, Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992 (A/CONF.151/26/Rev.1
(Vol. I and Vol. I/Corr.1, Vol. II, Vol. III and Vol. III/Corr.1))
(United Nations publication, Sales No. E.93.I.8 and corrigenda),
vol. I: Resolutions adopted by the Conference, resolution 1, annex II.

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