United Nations

A/RES/50/160 A


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

1 March 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 24


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

           [without reference to a Main Committee (A/50/L.40/Rev.1)]


            50/160.  Implementation of the United Nations New
                     Agenda for the Development of Africa in
                     the 1990s


                                   A

      The General Assembly,

      Reaffirming its resolution 46/151 of 18 December 1991, the annex
to which contains the United Nations New Agenda for the Development of
Africa in the 1990s, in paragraphs 43 (c) and (e) and 44 of which it
decided, inter alia, to conduct a mid-term review and a final review and assessment
of the implementation of the New Agenda,

      Reaffirming also its resolutions 48/214 of 23 December 1993 and
49/142 of 23 December 1994 concerning the implementation of the New
Agenda,

      Recalling its resolution 45/253 of 21 December 1990 on programme
planning, in which the economic recovery and development of Africa was
stated to be one of the five overall priorities in the medium-term
plan for the period 1992-1997,  1/

      Taking note of the document entitled "Relaunching Africa's
economic and social development: the Cairo Agenda for Action" adopted
by the Council of Ministers of the Organization of African Unity at
its seventeenth extraordinary session, held at Cairo from 25 to 28
March 1995, and endorsed by the Assembly of Heads of State and
Government of the Organization of African Unity in its resolution
AHG/Res.236 (XXXI) of 28 June 1995,  2/

      Taking note also of resolution CM/Res.1596 (LXII) of 23 June 1995
of the Council of Ministers of the Organization of African Unity on
the implementation of the New Agenda,  3/ endorsed by the Assembly
of Heads of State and Government,

      Bearing in mind the report of the Secretary-General of 20 June
1995  4/ to the high-level segment of the Economic and Social
Council at its substantive session of 1995, devoted to the
consideration of the development of Africa, including the
implementation of the New Agenda, and the summary made by the
President of the Council of the debate during the high-level
segment,  5/

      Having considered the report of the Secretary-General of 6
October 1995 on advancing financial intermediation in Africa  6/ and
of 11 October 1995 on  diversification of Africa's commodities,  7/
 
      Recalling that the prime objective of the New Agenda is to stop
and reverse the continuing deterioration in the socio-economic
situation of African countries and to renew the commitment of the
international community to support Africa's own efforts to achieve
sustained economic growth and sustainable development,

      Expressing serious concern about the limited progress made so far
in the implementation of the New Agenda and the continuing
deterioration of the economic and social situation in Africa, 

      Mindful of the urgent need for African countries to increase and
mobilize internal resources for the implementation of the New Agenda
through, inter alia, policies for the promotion of domestic savings,
improved and accessible banking facilities and further improvements in
traditional practices of capital formation at local levels, as well as
to continue creating an enabling environment for domestic and foreign
investment, 

      Acknowledging that effective, equitable, development-oriented and
durable solutions have to be found to the problems of external debt
and the burden of debt which continue to impede the socio-economic
development of African countries despite measures taken on both a
bilateral and a multilateral basis to reduce or reschedule their debt,

      Recognizing the possible adverse effects and looking forward to
the challenges and opportunities for African countries of the
implementation of the agreements of the Uruguay Round of multilateral
trade negotiations  8/ and the urgent need for further technical and
financial assistance to African countries, with a view, inter alia, to
identifying the adverse effects and alleviating them through
appropriate measures, including possible supportive measures, as
appropriate, in order to maximize their participation in the world
trading system,

      Recognizing also the urgent need to continue to assist African
countries in their efforts to diversify their economies,

      Recognizing further that the mid-term review of the
implementation of the New Agenda should provide an opportunity for the
international community to conduct an in-depth assessment of the
actions so far taken in the implementation of the New Agenda and the
measures needed for sustained economic growth and sustainable
development in Africa beyond the 1990s, and to continue to develop
policies and measures, including new and/or corrective policies and
measures, as appropriate, and continued external support to the
efforts of African countries in all areas, so as to ensure the timely,
effective and full implementation of the New Agenda during the
remaining part of the decade,

      Bearing in mind its resolution 42/163 of 8 December 1987 on the
critical economic situation in Africa, in which it established an Ad
Hoc Committee of the Whole of the General Assembly as the most
appropriate mechanism to prepare the review and appraisal of the
United Nations Programme of Action for African Economic Recovery and
Development 1986-1990, and its resolutions 43/27 of 18 November 1988
and 45/178 A of 19 December 1990 on that review and appraisal,

      1.    Takes note with appreciation of the reports of the
Secretary-General on advancing financial intermediation in Africa and
on diversification of Africa's commodities;

      2.    Takes note also of the summary made by the President of the
Economic and Social Council of the debate during the high-level
segment of the Council at its substantive session of 1995, devoted to
the consideration of the development of Africa, including the
implementation of the United Nations New Agenda for the Development of
Africa in the 1990s;

      3.    Reaffirms the need for the effective implementation of the
New Agenda and, to that effect, calls upon the donor countries and all
other parties concerned to fulfil their respective commitments as
stated in the New Agenda, and calls upon African countries to
implement the measures necessary to achieve the goals of the New
Agenda;

      4.    Decides to establish an ad hoc committee of the whole of the
fiftieth session of the General Assembly as the most appropriate
mechanism to prepare the mid-term review in 1996 of the implementation
of the New Agenda, as provided for in the annex to resolution 46/151;

      5.    Also decides to convene an organizational session of the Ad
Hoc Committee of the Whole as soon as possible but not later than 30
June 1996, for two working days, to consider and adopt the necessary
arrangements for its work regarding, inter alia, the mid-term review
of the implementation of the New Agenda, and that the Ad Hoc Committee
should have its Bureau constituted at the highest appropriate level
and composed of a Chairman, three Vice-Chairmen and a Rapporteur;

      6.    Further decides that the Ad Hoc Committee should meet for a
period of up to seven working days in September 1996, prior to the
fifty-first session of the General Assembly, to prepare the mid-term
review on the basis of a report to be prepared by the Secretary-
General, including relevant inputs from Governments and/or
organizations and programmes of the United Nations system and other
intergovernmental organizations, in particular the Organization of
African Unity and non-governmental organizations, regarding their
efforts and experiences in implementing the New Agenda;

      7.    Invites the Economic Commission for Africa to submit a
report to the Secretary-General by June 1996 on actions taken and
progress achieved by African countries in the implementation of the
New Agenda;

      8.    Decides that the Ad Hoc Committee, in carrying out its
mandate, should submit its findings to the General Assembly at its
fifty-first session and propose concrete measures and recommendations
for sustained economic growth and sustainable development in Africa
beyond the 1990s;

      9.    Urges Member States and organs and bodies of the United
Nations system to be represented at the highest appropriate level and
to participate actively in the work of the Ad Hoc Committee;

      10.   Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the Ad Hoc
Committee a report on the implementation of the New Agenda, including
a summary and assessment of national efforts based on relevant inputs
from African countries, and to continue ensuring close cooperation and
coordination with the Secretary-General of the Organization of African
Unity concerning the contributions of the relevant organs,
organizations and bodies of the United Nations system, including the
Economic Commission for Africa, the United Nations Development
Programme, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United
Nations, the United Nations Industrial Development Organization, the
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, the Office of the
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and the United Nations
Children's Fund, in the context of his report on the preparation of
the mid-term review of the implementation of the New Agenda;

      11.   Also requests the Secretary-General to include in his report
to the Ad Hoc Committee estimates of the projected resource
requirements from all sources, public and private, domestic and
international, needed for the full implementation of the New Agenda,
the amount expected to be mobilized and proposals for filling any
resource gaps, taking into account the specific economic and
development situation of African countries;

      12.   Further requests the Secretary-General, in close cooperation
with the organs and organizations of the United Nation system
concerned, to ensure the necessary preparation of the meetings of the
Ad Hoc Committee;

      13.   Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General
Assembly at its fifty-first session a report on the work of the Ad Hoc
Committee and on the implementation of the present resolution.


                                                          98th plenary meeting
                                                              22 December 1995


                                     Notes

1/          Official Records of the General Assembly, Forty-seventh
Session, Supplement No. 6 (A/47/6/Rev.1), vol. I, programme 45.

2/          See A/50/647, annex II.


3/          Ibid., annex I.

4/          E/1995/81.

5/          See A/50/3, chap. II.

6/          A/50/490.

7/          A/50/520.

8/          See Legal Instruments Embodying the Results of the Uruguay
Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations, done at Marrakesh on 15
April 1994 (GATT secretariat publication, Sales No. GATT/1994-7), vol. 1.

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