United Nations

A/RES/50/159


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

28 February 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 26


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

           [without reference to a Main Committee (A/50/L.59/Rev.1)]


            50/159.  The situation in Burundi


      The General Assembly,

      Taking into account the report of the Secretary-General of 11
October 1995,  1/

      Noting with satisfaction the beneficial role played by the
Secretary-General, and welcoming the mission carried out by his
Special Representative for Burundi,

      Noting also the praiseworthy efforts made by the Secretary-
General of the Organization of African Unity and his Special
Representative,

      Welcoming the holding at Bujumbura from 15 to 17 February 1995 of
the Regional Conference on Assistance to Refugees, Returnees and
Displaced Persons in the Great Lakes Region, pursuant to resolution
CM/Res.1527 (LX) of the Council of Ministers of the Organization of
African Unity,

      Reaffirming its resolution 48/118 of 20 December 1993, which
stresses the necessity of mobilizing assistance to refugees, returnees
and displaced persons in Africa,

      Recognizing the importance of the missions carried out in August
1994 and February 1995 by representatives of the Security Council and
of the statements by the President of the Security Council of 9 March
1995  2/ and 29 March 1995  3/ on the situation in Burundi,

      Recognizing also the efforts being made by the Organization of
African Unity and by its current Chairman to assist Burundi in
regaining peace, confidence and stability,

      Recognizing further the important role played by the Organization
of African Unity Mission in Burundi, and stressing the need for the
United Nations and the Organization of African Unity to coordinate
their efforts in dealing with the situation in Burundi,

      Welcoming the agreement signed on 22 September 1994 by the United
Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and the Government of
Burundi on the implementation of a major programme of technical
assistance and advisory services in the field of human rights, the
various components of which form part of preventive action supported
by the international community,

      Appreciating the efforts of the United Nations High Commissioner
for Human Rights to promote and protect human rights in Burundi, in
particular by setting up an office of the Centre for Human Rights of
the Secretariat and by mobilizing international cooperation in the
quest for peace and security in Burundi,

      Reiterating the special importance of the Convention on
Governance signed on 10 September 1994,

      Welcoming the constructive negotiations between the parties
signatories to the Convention on Governance, which resulted in the
formation of a coalition Government on 1 March 1995,

      Expressing great regret at the subversive acts, acts of violence
and looting perpetrated by armed terrorist groups and armed militias
against innocent populations which seriously jeopardize civil peace,

      Welcoming the joint message of the President and the Prime
Minister of Burundi addressed to the Secretary-General, and condemning
the inflammatory broadcasts transmitted by the radio station "La voix
de la de'mocratie - Ijwi Ry'abanyagihugu", as well as those
transmitted by other radio stations which incite ethnic hatred in
Burundi,

      Stressing the importance of cooperation between all parties in
Burundi in order to achieve national reconciliation and respect for
human rights,

      Taking note of the declaration on Burundi adopted by the Eleventh
Conference of Heads of State or Government of Non-Aligned Countries,
held at Cartagena de Indias, Colombia, from 18 to 20 October
1995,  4/

      Welcoming the establishment, by Security Council resolution 1012
(1995) of 28 August 1995, of the International Commission of Inquiry
in Burundi, as mandated in paragraph 1 of that resolution,

      Welcoming also the Declaration adopted at Cairo on 29 November
1995 by the heads of State of the Great Lakes region  5/ with the
assistance of President Jimmy Carter, President Julius Nyerere and
Archbishop Desmond Tutu,

      1.    Congratulates the political parties of the Mouvance
pre'sidentielle and of the Burundian opposition on the outcome of
their dialogue and their concerted action, which led to the formation
of a coalition Government representing the different shades of
opinion;

      2.    Calls upon all the guarantors of the Convention on
Governance to ensure its full and impartial implementation for the
benefit of all;

      3.    Again encourages all the parties to that Convention and its
additional protocols to abide strictly by them;

      4.    Urges all political parties, military leaders, the media and
civil society to dissociate themselves from extremist forces, to
reject all extremism and all ethnic or political fanaticism, to settle
disputes through negotiation and dialogue and to unite in order to
bring about national reconciliation and respect for human rights;

      5.    Expresses its conviction concerning the need to increase
preventive action in Burundi without delay, in particular through the
presence of human rights experts and through human rights training
programmes, in full cooperation with the Government of Burundi;


      6.    Strongly urges all the people of Burundi to cooperate with
the coalition Government and with the security forces to promote
national reconciliation and to fight all forms of extremism, in
particular by armed terrorist groups and armed militias;

      7.    Condemns all those from within or outside the country who
are attacking innocent populations, arming extremists, heedlessly
violating human rights and seriously undermining national peace and
security;

      8.    Calls upon all parties to create the conditions for the
return of refugees and internally displaced persons;

      9.    Also condemns the militia attack on the Organization of
African Unity Mission in Burundi which took place on 14 June 1995 in
the province of Cibitoke and resulted in the death of a military
observer of that organization;

      10.   Endorses resolution CM/Res.1582 (LXII) on Burundi, adopted
by the Council of Ministers of the Organization of African Unity at
its sixty-second ordinary session, held at Addis Ababa from 21 to 23
June 1995;  6/

      11.   Endorses also the declaration on Burundi adopted at
Cartagena de Indias, Colombia, on 20 October 1995 by the heads of
State or Government of non-aligned countries;

      12.   Requests the States Members of the United Nations and
international organizations to cooperate with the Government of
Burundi and other Governments of the region in the identification and
dismantling of radio stations which incite hatred and encourage acts
of genocide;

      13.   Invites all political partners to organize, in accordance
with the Convention on Governance, a national debate on the country's
basic problems with a view to the conclusion of a national covenant
and the adoption of a constitution adapted to the current socio-
political requirements;

      14.   Supports the role assigned to the International Commission
of Inquiry in Burundi, as mandated by Security Council resolution 1012
(1995), as an important step towards the eradication of impunity;

      15.   Encourages the international community and the Government of
Burundi to implement the various recommendations of the Plan of Action
adopted by the Regional Conference on Assistance to Refugees,
Returnees and Displaced Persons in the Great Lakes Region, held at
Bujumbura from 15 to 17 February     1995;

      16.   Appeals earnestly to the States that signed the Cairo
Declaration on the Great Lakes Region of 29 November 1995 to abide
faithfully by the commitments embodied in that declaration and
designed to provide appropriate solutions in order to eliminate the
socio-political conflicts currently taking place in that part of
Africa;

      17.   Encourages the Secretary-General to continue his contacts
with a view to an early convening of the Regional Conference on
Security, Stability and Development in the Great Lakes Region of
Central Africa, under the auspices of the United Nations, with the
collaboration of the Organization of African Unity and with the
participation of all the countries of the region;

      18.   Reiterates its urgent appeal to the international community
to continue its efforts to mobilize political, diplomatic, human,
economic, financial and material resources with a view to assisting
Burundi in definitively overcoming the crisis which it has been facing
for more than two years;

      19.   Invites the Secretary-General of the United Nations and the
Secretary-General of the Organization of African Unity to continue
their respective and complementary missions aimed at securing
effective national reconciliation in Burundi, and welcomes in
particular the positive role played by the Organization of African
Unity Mission of observers;

      20.   Expresses the hope that the Secretary-General of the United
Nations will undertake consultations, following the usual procedure,
with the Government of Burundi for the appointment as soon as possible
of a special representative possessing all the qualifications,
particularly an in-depth knowledge of the socio-political situation in
Burundi;

      21.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
first session the item entitled "The situation in Burundi".


                                                          98th plenary meeting
                                                              22 December 1995


                                     Notes

1/          A/50/541 and Add.1.

2/          S/PRST/1995/10.

3/          S/PRST/1995/13.

4/          See A/50/752-S/1995/1035.

5/          S/1995/1001, annex.

6/          See A/50/647, annex I.

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