United Nations

A/RES/50/148


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

9 February 1996ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 108


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

               [on the report of the Third Committee (A/50/631)]


            50/148.     International action to combat drug
                        abuse and illicit production and
                        trafficking

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolutions 48/12 of 28 October 1993, 48/112 of
20 December 1993 and 49/168 of 23 December 1994,

      Profoundly alarmed by the magnitude of the rising trend in drug
abuse, illicit production and trafficking in narcotics and
psychotropic substances, including synthetic and designer drugs, which
threatens the health and well-being of millions of persons, in
particular the youth, in all countries of the world,

      Gravely concerned that, despite increased efforts by States and
relevant international organizations, the illicit demand for,
production of and traffic in narcotic drugs and psychotropic
substances, including synthetic and designer drugs, have expanded
globally and, therefore, continue to threaten seriously the
socio-economic and political systems and the stability, national
security and sovereignty of an increasing number of States,

      Deeply alarmed by the growing violence and economic power of
criminal organizations and terrorist groups that engage in the
production of, traffic in and distribution of drugs, arms and
precursors and essential chemicals, which at times places them beyond
the reach of the law, corrupting institutions, undermining the full
exercise of human rights and threatening the stability of many
societies in the world,

      Deeply alarmed also by the growing links at the transnational
level between criminal organizations and terrorist groups engaged in
drug trafficking activities and other criminal activities, such as
money laundering and illicit traffic of arms and precursors and
essential chemicals,

      Fully aware that States, the relevant organizations of the United
Nations system and multilateral development banks need to accord a
higher priority to dealing with this scourge, which undermines
development, economic and political stability and democratic
institutions, and the combat against which entails increasing economic
costs for Governments and the irreparable loss of human lives,

      Convinced of the desirability of closer coordination and
cooperation among States in combating drug-related crimes, such as
terrorism, illicit arms trade and money laundering, and bearing in
mind the role that could be played by both the United Nations and
regional organizations in this respect,

      Reaffirming that a comprehensive framework for international
cooperation in drug control is provided by the existing drug control
conventions, the Declaration  1/ and the Comprehensive
Multidisciplinary Outline of Future Activities in Drug Abuse
Control,  2/ the Political Declaration and Global Programme of
Action  3/ adopted by the General Assembly at its seventeenth
special session devoted to the question of international cooperation
against illicit production, supply, demand, trafficking and
distribution of narcotic and psychotropic substances,the Declaration
adopted by the World Ministerial Summit to Reduce the Demand for Drugs
and to Combat the Cocaine Threat,  4/ the United Nations System-wide
Action Plan on Drug Abuse Control,  5/ the Naples Political
Declaration and Global Action Plan against Organized Transnational
Crime  6/ and other relevant international standards, and stressing
the need for increased efforts to implement them, 

      Recognizing the efforts of countries which produce narcotic drugs
for scientific, medicinal and therapeutic uses to prevent the
diversion of such substances to illicit markets and to maintain
production at a level consistent with licit demand in line with the
Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961,  7/

      Acknowledging that there are links, under certain circumstances,
between poverty and the increase in the illicit production of and
trafficking in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and that the
promotion of the economic development of countries affected by the
illicit drug trade requires appropriate measures, including
strengthened international cooperation in support of alternative and
sustainable development activities in the affected areas of those
countries, which have as their objectives the reduction and
elimination of illicit drug production,

      Emphasizing the need for an analysis of transit routes used by
drug traffickers, which are constantly changing and expanding to
include a growing number of countries and regions in all parts of the
world,

      Underlining the role of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs as the
principal United Nations policy-making body on drug control issues,

      Reaffirming the leadership role of the United Nations
International Drug Control Programme as the main focus for concerted
international action for drug abuse control, and commending the way in
which it has carried out the functions entrusted to it,

      Recognizing that the new forms of criminal activities of
international drug trafficking organizations call for enhanced
international cooperation, as well as a renewal of the international
commitment to fight against these menaces, and require the formulation
of new strategies, approaches and objectives which, respectful of the
sovereignty of States, can deal more effectively with the
international operations of those involved in the illegal traffic of
drugs and arms, the diversion of precursors and essential chemicals,
and money laundering through financial and non-financial operations,

                                       I

            Respect for the principles enshrined in the Charter of the
            United Nations and international law in the fight against
               drug abuse and illicit production and trafficking

      1.    Reaffirms that the fight against drug abuse and illicit
trafficking should not in any way justify violation of the principles
enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations and international law,
particularly respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of
States and non-use of force or the threat of force in international
relations;

      2.    Calls upon all States to intensify their actions to promote
effective cooperation in the efforts to combat drug abuse and illicit
trafficking, so as to contribute to a climate conducive to achieving
this end, on the basis of the principles of equal rights and mutual
respect;

                                      II

             International action to combat drug abuse and illicit
                          production and trafficking

      1.    Renews its commitment to further strengthening international
cooperation and substantially increasing efforts against the illicit
production, sale, demand, traffic and distribution of narcotics and
psychotropic substances, based on the principle of shared
responsibility and taking into account experience gained;

      2.    Urges all States to ratify or accede to and implement all
the provisions of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961 7/
as amended by the 1972 Protocol,  8/ the Convention on
Psychotropic Substances of 1971  9/ and the United Nations
Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic
Substances of 1988;  10/

      3.    Calls upon all States to adopt adequate national laws and
regulations, to strengthen national judicial systems and to carry out
effective drug control activities in cooperation with other States in
accordance with those international instruments;

      4.    Requests the United Nations International Drug Control
Programme to continue to provide legal assistance to Member States
which request it in adjusting their national laws, policies and
infrastructures to implement the international drug control
conventions, as well as assistance in training personnel responsible
for applying the new laws;

      5.    Supports the focus on regional, subregional and national
strategies for drug abuse control, particularly the master-plan
approach, and urges the United Nations International Drug Control
Programme to continue to complement those strategies with effective
interregional strategies;

      6.    Reaffirms the danger and threat posed to civil society by
drug trafficking and its links to terrorism, transnational crime,
money laundering and the arms trade, and encourages Governments to
deal with this threat and to cooperate to prevent the channelling of
funds to and between those engaged in such activities; 

      7.    Acknowledges that there are links between the illicit
production of, demand for and traffic in narcotic drugs and
psychotropic substances and the economic and social conditions in the
affected countries and that there are differences and diversity in the
problems of each country;

      8.    Calls upon the international community to provide increased
economic and technical support to Governments which request it for
programmes of alternative and sustainable development that have as
their objectives the reduction and elimination of illicit drug
production and that take fully into account the cultural traditions of
peoples;

      9.    Notes the strong support expressed by members of the
Commission on Narcotic Drugs for the initiatives of the United Nations
International Drug Control Programme to establish a dialogue with
multilateral development banks so that they might undertake lending
and programming activities related to drug control in interested and
affected countries, and requests the Executive Director of the
Programme to inform the Commission of further progress made in this
area; 

      10.   Stresses the need for effective government action to prevent
the diversion to illicit markets of precursors and essential
chemicals, materials and equipment used in the illicit manufacture of
narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances;

      11.   Commends the International Narcotics Control Board for its
valuable work in monitoring the production and distribution of
narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances so as to limit their use to
medical and scientific purposes, and urges increased efforts to
implement its mandate under article 12 of the United Nations
Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic
Substances concerning the monitoring of the movement of precursors and
essential chemicals;

      12.   Calls upon the United Nations International Drug Control
Programme to continue providing assistance to Member States which
request it in establishing or strengthening national drug detection
laboratories;

      13.   Calls upon States to increase efforts, with international
cooperation, to reduce and eliminate illegal crops from which
narcotics are obtained, as well as to prevent and reduce the demand
for and the consumption of illicit drugs;

      14.   Underlines the need for Governments, with international
cooperation, to increase and implement alternative development
programmes with the objective of reducing and eliminating the
production of illicit drugs, taking into account the economic, social,
cultural, political and environmental aspects of the area concerned;

      15.   Emphasizes the need to maintain the capacity of the
International Narcotics Control Board, including through the provision
of appropriate means by the Secretary-General, within existing
resources, and adequate technical support by the United Nations
International Drug Control Programme;

      16.   Reaffirms the importance of achieving the objectives of the
United Nations Decade against Drug Abuse 1991-2000, under the theme "A
global response to a global challenge", by Member States, the United
Nations International Drug Control Programme and the United Nations
system;

      17.   Takes note of the provisional report presented to the
Commission on Narcotic Drugs at its thirty-eighth session by the
Executive Director of the United Nations International Drug Control
Programme on the economic and social consequences of drug abuse and
illicit trafficking,  11/ and invites the Commission to continue
considering this issue in the context of the general debate;

      18.   Welcomes resolution 13 (XXXVIII) of the Commission on
Narcotic Drugs  12/ on the implementation of General Assembly
resolution 48/12;

      19.   Welcomes with satisfaction Economic and Social Council
resolution 1995/16 of 24 July 1995 on the integration of demand
reduction initiatives into a cohesive strategy to combat drug abuse,
in which, inter alia, the Council requested the Executive Director of
the United Nations International Drug Control Programme, in
consultation with Governments and appropriate agencies and
organizations, to define clearly their global strategy for demand
reduction and to develop a draft declaration on the guiding principles
of demand reduction for submission to the Commission on Narcotic Drugs
at its thirty-ninth session;

      20.   Welcomes with satisfaction resolution 5 (XXXVIII) of the
Commission on Narcotic Drugs 12/ on strategies for illicit supply
reduction, reaffirming the need to apply effective strategies for
supply reduction, based on the implementation of plans and programmes
for alternative development, which have as their objectives the
reduction and elimination of illicit drug production;

      21.   Invites the Economic and Social Council, while considering
the issue of international cooperation against the illicit production,
sale, demand, traffic and distribution of narcotics and psychotropic
substances at its high-level segment of 1996, to pay special attention
to the recommendations on the follow-up to General Assembly resolution
48/12, contained in the report of the Commission on Narcotic
Drugs;  13/

      22.   Requests the United Nations International Drug Control
Programme, in its report on illicit traffic in drugs, to include an
assessment of worldwide trends in illicit traffic and transit in
narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, including methods and
routes used, and to recommend ways and means for improving the
capacity of States along those routes to deal with all aspects of the
drug problem;

                                      III

                          Global Programme of Action

      1.    Reaffirms the importance of the Global Programme of
Action 3/ as a comprehensive framework for national, regional and
international action to combat illicit production of, demand for and
trafficking in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances;

      2.    Calls upon States to implement the mandates and
recommendations of the Global Programme of Action, with a view to
translating it into practical action for drug abuse control at the
national, regional and international levels;

      3.    Urges all Governments and competent regional organizations
to develop a balanced approach within the framework of comprehensive
demand reduction activities, giving adequate priority to prevention,
treatment, research, social reintegration and training in the context
of national strategic plans to combat drug abuse;

      4.    Calls upon the relevant United Nations bodies, the
specialized agencies, the international financial institutions and
other concerned intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations
to cooperate with and assist States in their efforts to promote and
implement the Global Programme of Action;

      5.    Welcomes the efforts made by the Commission on Narcotic
Drugs and the United Nations International Drug Control Programme to
facilitate reporting by Governments on the implementation of the
Global Programme of Action, and encourages them to pursue those
efforts so as to increase the number of Governments that respond;

      6.    Notes the efforts being made by the United Nations
International Drug Control Programme and other United Nations bodies
to obtain reliable data on drug abuse and illicit trafficking,
including the development of the International Drug Abuse Assessment
System, encourages the Programme, in cooperation with other United
Nations bodies, to take further steps to facilitate the efficient
collection of data so as to avoid duplication of effort, and
encourages also the increased and timely provision of updated
information by Member States;

      7.    Invites the United Nations International Drug Control
Programme to consider ways of providing assistance to Member States
which request it in their efforts to establish appropriate mechanisms
to collect and analyse data and to seek voluntary resources for this
purpose;

                                      IV

          Proposal for an international conference to combat the
illicit
          production, sale, demand, traffic and distribution of
narcotic
           drugs and psychotropic substances and related activities

      1.    Takes note of the recommendations contained in the report of
the Executive Director of the United Nations International Drug
Control Programme on the implementation of General Assembly resolution
48/12,  14/ including the recommendation regarding the proposal
to convene an international conference ten years after the
International Conference on Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking, to
review progress made by Governments and the United Nations system in
combating drug abuse and illicit trafficking;  15/
 
      2.    Takes note also of resolution 13 (XXXVIII) of the Commission
on Narcotic Drugs, 12/ in which the Commission decided to keep under
consideration the proposal for the convening of an international
conference to review progress made by Governments and the United
Nations system in combating drug abuse and illicit trafficking;

      3.    Takes note further of Economic and Social Council resolution
1995/40 of 27 July 1995, in which the Council recommended that the
General Assembly and the Commission on Narcotic Drugs give priority
consideration to the proposal to convene an international conference
for the purpose of evaluating the international situation and the
status of international cooperation against the illicit production,
sale, demand, traffic and distribution of narcotic drugs and
psychotropic substances and related activities;

     4.   Takes note of the proposal to hold a second international
conference and requests the Commission on Narcotic Drugs to discuss
this issue fully, as a matter of priority, at its thirty-ninth
session, and to present its conclusions and suggestions through the
Economic and Social Council to the General Assembly at its fifty-first
session;

      5.    Stresses that, when discussing this issue, the Commission on
Narcotic Drugs should take into account that the proposed conference
should focus, with a balanced and integral approach, inter alia, on
the assessment of existing strategies, as well as on the consideration
of new strategies, methods, practical measures and concrete actions to
strengthen international cooperation to address the problem of illicit
drugs, including illicit demand reduction, illicit supply reduction,
the promotion of alternative development programmes, the combat
against criminal organizations and illicit arms trade related to drug
trafficking, money laundering, the diversion of essential chemicals,
the control of stimulants and their precursors and the promotion of
law enforcement cooperation, on the basis of the principles and
guidelines set forth in the present resolution;

      6.    Also stresses that, when considering the proposal for
holding such a conference, the Commission on Narcotic Drugs should
take into account international drug control priorities and resources,
the financial and other implications of holding such a conference, as
well as ways and means to increase the implementation of existing
international conventions and other international instruments for
cooperation on drug control;

                                       V

           Implementation of the United Nations System-wide Action
Plan
           on Drug Abuse Control:  action by organizations of the
                             United Nations system

      1.    Supports the United Nations System-wide Action Plan on Drug
Abuse Control 5/ as a vital tool for the coordination and enhancement
of drug abuse control activities within the United Nations system, and
requests that it be updated and reviewed on a biennial basis with a
view to continuing efforts to improve its presentation and usefulness
as a strategic tool of the United Nations for the drug problem;

      2.    Reaffirms the role of the Executive Director of the United
Nations International Drug Control Programme in coordinating and
providing effective leadership for all United Nations drug control
activities so as to increase cost-effectiveness and ensure coherence
of action within the Programme as well as coordination,
complementarity and non-duplication of such activities throughout the
United Nations system;

      3.    Endorses the agreed conclusions adopted by the Economic and
Social Council at its coordination segment of 1994  16/
regarding coordination by the United Nations International Drug
Control Programme of drug control-related policies and activities of
the United Nations system, including international financial
institutions;

      4.    Urges the governing bodies of the United Nations
organizations associated with the United Nations System-wide Action
Plan on Drug Abuse Control to help ensure effective follow-up by
including drug control in their agendas with a view to assessing the
activities undertaken in accordance with the Plan and examining how
the drug problem is addressed in relevant programmes;

      5.    Invites Member States to inform the Economic and Social
Council at its high-level segment of 1996 on progress in international
cooperation, especially on specific national efforts to engage the
United Nations system and the multilateral development banks in
addressing the drug problem;

                                      VI

              United Nations International Drug Control Programme

      1.    Welcomes the efforts of the United Nations International
Drug Control Programme to implement its mandates within the framework
of the international drug control treaties, the Comprehensive
Multidisciplinary Outline of Future Activities in Drug Abuse Control,
the Global Programme of Action and relevant consensus documents;

      2.    Notes with concern the decline of available resources for
the Fund of the United Nations International Drug Control Programme;

      3.    Urges all Governments to provide the fullest possible
financial and political support to the United Nations International
Drug Control Programme, in particular by increasing voluntary
contributions to the Programme, to enable it to continue, expand and
strengthen its operational and technical cooperation activities;

      4.    Invites Governments and the United Nations International
Drug Control Programme to consider ways and means of improving the
coordination of United Nations drug control-related activities;

      5.    Welcomes the work of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs at its
thirty-eighth session on the programme budget of the Fund of the
United Nations International Drug Control Programme, in accordance
with the mandate contained in section XVI, paragraph 2, of General
Assembly resolution 46/185 C of 20 December 1991;

      6.    Notes with appreciation the efforts made by the Executive
Director of the United Nations International Drug Control Programme to
comply with the approved format and methodology of the programme
budget of the Fund, in accordance with relevant resolutions of the
Commission on Narcotic Drugs and the General Assembly and the
recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Administrative and
Budgetary Questions, and encourages the Executive Director to continue
his efforts to improve the presentation and transparency of the
budget;

      7.    Stresses the importance of the meetings of heads of national
law enforcement agencies, and encourages them to consider ways to
improve their functioning and to strengthen their impact so as to
enhance cooperation in the fight against drugs at the regional level;

                                      VII

      1.    Takes note of the reports of the Secretary-General submitted
under the item entitled "International drug control";  17/ 

      2.    Requests the Secretary-General, taking into account the
promotion of integrated reporting:

      (a)   To submit to the General Assembly at its fifty-first session
an updated report on the status of the United Nations Convention
against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances;

      (b)   To include, in his annual report on the implementation of
the Global Programme of Action, recommendations on ways and means to
improve implementation and provision of information by Member States.


                                                          97th plenary meeting
                                                              21 December 1995


                                     Notes

1/          See Report of the International Conference on Drug Abuse and
Illicit Trafficking, Vienna, 17-26 June 1987 (United Nations
publication, Sales No. E.87.I.18), chap. I, sect. A.

2/          Ibid., sect. B.

3/          Resolution S-17/2, annex.

4/          A/45/262, annex.

5/          See A/49/139-E/1994/57.

6/          See A/49/748, annex, sect. I. A.

7/          United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 520, No. 7515.

8/          Ibid., vol. 976, No. 14152.

9/          Ibid., vol. 1019, No. 14956.

10/         United Nations publication, Sales No. E.91.XI.6.

11/         See E/CN.7/1995/3.

12/         See Official Records of the Economic and Social Council,
1995, Supplement No. 9 (E/1995/29), chap. XII, sect. A.

13/         Ibid., chap. VII.

14/         E/CN.7/1995/14.

15/         Ibid., para. 50.

16/         See Official Records of the General Assembly, Forty-ninth
Session, Supplement No. 3 (A/49/3/Rev.1), chap. III, sect. B.

17/         A/50/460 and A/50/461.

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