United Nations

A/RES/50/146


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

15 February 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 106


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

               [on the report of the Third Committee (A/50/629)]


            50/146.     Strengthening the United Nations crime
                        prevention and criminal justice
                        programme, particularly its technical
                        cooperation capacity

      The General Assembly,

      Recognizing the direct relevance of crime prevention and criminal
justice to sustained development, stability, security and improved
quality of life,

      Convinced of the desirability of closer coordination and
cooperation among States in combating crime, including drug-related
crimes such as terrorist crimes, illicit arms trade and money
laundering, and bearing in mind the role that could be played by both
the United Nations and regional organizations in this respect,

      Bearing in mind the goals of the United Nations in the field of
crime prevention and criminal justice, specifically the reduction of
criminality, more efficient and effective law enforcement and
administration of justice, respect for human rights and promotion of
the highest standards of fairness, humanity and professional conduct,

      Recognizing the urgent need to increase technical cooperation
activities to assist countries, particularly developing countries and
countries in transition, with their efforts in translating United
Nations policy guidelines into practice, including training and
upgrading of national capacities,

      Noting the continued increase in the workload of the Crime
Prevention and Criminal Justice Branch of the Secretariat, as well as
the considerable obstacles to the full and effective implementation of
its programme activities, resulting from the lack of appropriate
institutional capacity,

      Convinced that the Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Branch
can be effective only if it is provided with resources commensurate to
its requirements and adequate to allow it to implement its mandates
and to respond in a timely and efficient manner to the increasing
requests of Member States for its services,

      Recalling its resolution 49/158 of 23 December 1994, in which it
requested the Secretary-General, as a matter of urgency, to give
effect to General Assembly resolutions 47/91 of 16 December 1992 and
48/103 of 20 December 1993, and to Economic and Social Council
resolutions 1992/22 of 30 July 1992, 1993/31 and 1993/34 of 27 July
1993 and 1994/16 of 25 July 1994 by providing the United Nations crime
prevention and criminal justice programme with sufficient resources
for the full implementation of its mandates, in conformity with the
high priority attached to the programme,

      Recalling also its resolution 49/159 of 23 December 1994, in
which it resolved to take decisions at its fiftieth session on the
allocation of adequate resources to the United Nations crime
prevention and criminal justice programme on the basis of proposals
for the modification of the programme to be submitted by the
Secretary-General, taking into account the responsibilities entrusted
to the United Nations pursuant to the Naples Political Declaration and
Global Action Plan against Organized Transnational Crime,  1/

      Recalling further its resolution 46/152 of 18 December 1991 on
the creation of an effective United Nations crime prevention and
criminal justice programme, in which it approved the statement of
principles and programme of action annexed to the resolution, in which
it was recommended to the Secretary-General that an upgrading of the
Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Branch into a division should be
effected as soon as possible,

      Concerned about the fact that despite the repeated calls by the
General Assembly and the Economic and Social Council to upgrade the
Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Branch to a division, action has
not been taken to give effect to the relevant Assembly and Council
resolutions,

      Noting that the Secretary-General, in section 13 (Crime control)
of the proposed programme budget for the biennium 1996-1997,  2/
proposes the strengthening of the United Nations crime prevention and
criminal justice programme in response to the repeated calls by the
General Assembly and the Economic and Social Council to that effect,

      Noting also the additional information provided in the
introductory statement by the Director-General of the United Nations
Office at Vienna  3/ on the proposed programme budget,

      1.    Takes note with appreciation of the reports of the
Secretary-General on the progress made in the implementation of
General Assembly resolution 49/158 on strengthening the United Nations
crime prevention and criminal justice programme, particularly its
technical cooperation capacity,  4/ and on the implementation of
General Assembly resolution 49/159 on the Naples Political Declaration
and Global Action Plan against Organized Transnational Crime;  5/

      2.    Reaffirms the importance of the United Nations crime
prevention and criminal justice programme and the crucial role it has
to play in promoting international cooperation in crime prevention and
criminal justice, in responding to the needs of the international
community in the face of both national and transnational criminality
and in assisting Member States in achieving the goals of preventing
crime within and among States and improving the response to crime;

      3.    Also reaffirms the priority of the United Nations crime
prevention and criminal justice programme, in accordance with its
resolutions 46/152, 47/91, 48/103 and 49/158, and the need for an
appropriate share of the existing resources of the United Nations for
the programme;

      4.    Welcomes the proposed strengthening of the United Nations
crime prevention and criminal justice programme, in response to the
repeated calls by the General Assembly and the Economic and Social
Council to that effect and, in particular, welcomes the proposal of
the Secretary-General to upgrade the Crime Prevention and Criminal
Justice Branch of the Secretariat into a division, in accordance with
Assembly resolutions 46/152, 47/91, 48/103 and 49/158;

      5.    Requests the Secretary-General to continue strengthening the
United Nations crime prevention and criminal justice programme by
providing it with the resources necessary for the full implementation
of its mandates, including follow-up action to the Naples Political
Declaration and Global Action Plan against Organized Transnational
Crime and to the Ninth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of
Crime and the Treatment of Offenders;

      6.    Reaffirms the high priority attached to technical
cooperation and advisory services as a means for the United Nations
crime prevention and criminal justice programme to respond to the
needs of the international community in the face of both national and
transnational criminality and to assist Member States in achieving the
goals of preventing crime within and among States and improving the
response to crime, in accordance with General Assembly resolution
46/152 and in line with the recommendations of the Ninth Congress on
the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders;

      7.    Stresses the importance of continuing to improve the
operational activities of the United Nations crime prevention and
criminal justice programme, particularly in developing countries and
countries in transition, in order to meet the needs of Member States,
at their request, for support in crime prevention and criminal
justice;

      8.    Calls upon States and funding agencies to make significant
financial contributions for operational activities for crime
prevention and criminal justice, and encourages all States to make
voluntary contributions for that purpose to the United Nations Crime
Prevention and Criminal Justice Trust Fund, also taking into account
the activities required for the implementation of the Naples Political
Declaration and Global Action Plan against Organized Transnational
Crime;

      9.    Requests the Secretary-General to facilitate, as
appropriate, the creation of joint initiatives, including bilateral
activities, and the joint formulation and implementation of technical
assistance projects benefiting developing countries and countries in
transition, involving interested donor countries and funding agencies,
particularly the United Nations Development Programme and the World
Bank, with a view to establishing and maintaining efficient criminal
justice systems on a country-by-country basis as an essential
component of developmental efforts;

      10.   Also requests the Secretary-General to take all necessary
measures to assist the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal
Justice, as the principal policy-making body in the field of crime
prevention and criminal justice, in performing its functions and to
ensure the proper coordination of all relevant activities in the
field, in particular with the Commission on Human Rights, the
Commission on the Status of Women and the Commission on Narcotic
Drugs;

      11.   Calls upon the United Nations Development Programme, the
World Bank and other international, regional and national funding
agencies to support technical cooperation activities devoted to crime
prevention and criminal justice at country level and, in pursuance of
their mandates, to include such activities in their programmes,
emphasizing social development aspects and utilizing the expertise of
the United Nations crime prevention and criminal justice programme in
such activities and cooperating closely on relevant technical
assistance projects and advisory missions;

      12.   Expresses its appreciation for the provision of services of
two interregional advisers for crime prevention and criminal justice;

      13.   Takes note with appreciation of the contributions of the
United Nations crime prevention and criminal justice programme to
United Nations peace-keeping and special missions, as well as its
contributions to the follow-up to those missions, inter alia, through
advisory services, and encourages the Secretary-General, as a way of
strengthening the rule of law, to recommend the inclusion of the re-
establishment and reform of criminal justice systems in peace-keeping
operations;

      14.   Requests the Secretary-General to continue to strengthen
cooperation between the Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Branch
and the United Nations International Drug Control Programme;

      15.   Also requests the Secretary-General to take all necessary
measures to provide improved services, at its future sessions, to the
Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, as the principal
policy-making body in the field of crime prevention and criminal
justice, with a view to ensuring full implementation of the relevant
Commission resolutions on the strategic management by the Commission
of the United Nations crime prevention and criminal justice programme
in the context of United Nations rules and regulations;

      16.   Reaffirms the importance of rule 28 of the rules of
procedure of the functional commissions of the Economic and Social
Council, and urges the Secretary-General to provide the appropriate
information to the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal
Justice;

      17.   Requests the Secretary-General to submit a report on the
implementation of the present resolution to the General Assembly at
its fifty-first session.


                                                          97th plenary meeting
                                                              21 December 1995


                                     Notes

1/          See A/49/748, annex, sect. I.A.

2/          Official Records of the General Assembly, Fiftieth Session,
Supplement No. 6 (A/50/6/Rev.1), vol. I.

3/          See A/C.3/50/SR.12.

4/          A/50/432.

5/          A/50/433.

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