United Nations

A/RES/50/143


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

30 January 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 105


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

               [on the report of the Third Committee (A/50/628)]


            50/143.     Progress made and problems encountered
                        in the struggle against illiteracy: a
                        mid-decade review - Cooperation to
                        achieve education for all

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling that in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1/
and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural
Rights 2/ the inalienable right of every individual to education is
recognized,

      Recalling also its resolutions 42/104 of 7 December 1987, by
which it proclaimed 1990 as International Literacy Year, and 44/127 of
15 December 1989 and 46/93 of 16 December 1991, in which it called for
continuing international efforts to promote literacy,

      Recalling further its resolution 45/126 of 14 December 1990, in
which it called for strengthening efforts towards the elimination of
illiteracy of women of all ages,


      Mindful of the fact that the eradication of illiteracy is one of
the paramount objectives of the International Development Strategy for
the Fourth United Nations Development Decade, 3/

      Convinced that literacy, especially functional literacy and
adequate education, represents an indispensable element for the
development and harnessing of science, technology and human resources for economic and
social progress,

      Confident that the International Literacy Year and the World
Conference on Education for All, held at Jomtien, Thailand, in 1990,
resulted in increased awareness and support for literacy efforts and
became a turning-point in the struggle for a literate world,

      Underlining the importance of maintaining the momentum generated
by the Year and the spirit of partnership forged at the Jomtien
Conference,

      Welcoming the setting up of the International Consultative Forum
on Education for All entrusted with the task of monitoring the
progress towards education for all and promoting consultation and
cooperation at the global level,

      Recognizing that, despite the significant advances registered in
the growth of literacy rates in many parts of the world, major
problems still persist which require greater mobilization of efforts
at both national and international levels to achieve the goal of
education for all,

      Stressing the importance of the effective implementation of the
World Declaration on Education for All, 4/ and the United Nations
Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Plan of Action for
the Eradication of Illiteracy by the Year 2000, 5/ as well as the
relevant commitments and recommendations to promote literacy
contained, inter alia, in the Plan of Action for Implementing the
World Declaration on the Survival, Protection and Development of
Children in the 1990s 6/ of the World Summit for Children, the
Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and
Development, 7/ the Copenhagen Declaration on Social Development and
the Programme of Action of the World Summit for Social Development, 8/
the Beijing Declaration and the Platform for Action of the Fourth
World Conference on Women 9/ and the Delhi Declaration of the
Education for All Summit of Nine High-Population Developing
Countries, 10/

      1.    Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General entitled
"Progress made and problems encountered in the struggle against
illiteracy:  a mid-decade review"; 11/

      2.    Notes with appreciation the close collaboration and
commendable work being pursued as a follow-up to the International
Literacy Year and the World Conference on Education for All by the
specialized agencies and other organizations of the United Nations
system, including the United Nations Educational, Scientific and
Cultural Organization, the United Nations Children's Fund and the
United Nations Development Programme;

      3.    Commends those Governments which have launched national
literacy programmes and attained notable progress in meeting the
objectives of the International Literacy Year and those set forth in
the World Declaration on Education for All; 4/

      4.    Invites Member States, specialized agencies and other
organizations of the United Nations system and relevant
intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations to further
intensify their efforts to effectively implement the World Declaration
on Education for All, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and
Cultural Organization Plan of Action for the Eradication of Illiteracy
by the Year 2000, 5/ as well as the relevant commitments and
recommendations to promote literacy contained, inter alia, in the Plan
of Action for Implementing the World Declaration on the Survival,
Protection and Development of Children in the 1990s 6/ of the World
Summit for Children, the Programme of Action of the International
Conference on Population and Development, 7/ the Copenhagen
Declaration on Social Development and the Programme of Action of the
World Summit for Social Development, 8/ the Beijing Declaration and
the Platform for Action of the Fourth World Conference on Women, 9/
and the Delhi Declaration of the Education for All Summit of Nine
High-Population Developing Countries, 10/ with a view to better
coordinating their activities and increasing their contribution to
development;

      5.    Appeals anew to Governments and economic and financial
organizations and institutions, both national and international, to
lend greater financial and material support to the efforts to increase
literacy and achieve education for all;

      6.    Calls upon the United Nations Educational, Scientific and
Cultural Organization to continue assuming the role of lead
organization in ensuring an effective follow-up to the International
Literacy Year and to pursue, in cooperation with other sponsors of the
World Conference on Education for All, the implementation of the World
Declaration on Education for All;

      7.    Notes with satisfaction the firm commitment and active
involvement of many non-governmental organizations, the mass media and
the private sector in support of and in the follow-up to the
International Literacy Year;

      8.    Requests the Secretary-General, in cooperation with the
Director-General of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and
Cultural Organization, to submit to the General Assembly, at its
fifty-second session, in 1997, through the Economic and Social
Council, a progress report on the implementation process of the education 
for all objectives, including the recommendations of the International 
Consultative Forum on Education for All, taking into account the possible
 measures, if any, to improve the reporting procedure;

      9.    Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
second session the question of cooperation to achieve education for
all under the item on social development.


                                                          97th plenary meeting
                                                              21 December 1995


                                   Notes


      1/    Resolution 217 A (III).

      2/    Resolution 2200 A (XXI), annex.

      3/    Resolution 45/199, annex.

      4/    Final Report of the World Conference on Education for All: 
Meeting Basic Learning Needs, Jomtien, Thailand, 5-9 March 1990,
Inter-Agency Commission (UNDP, UNESCO, UNICEF, World Bank) for the
World Conference on Education for All, New York, 1990, appendix 1.

      5/    See United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural
Organization, Records of the General Conference, Twenty-fifth Session,
vol. 1, Resolutions.

      6/    See A/45/625.

      7/    Report of the International Conference on Population and
Development, Cairo, 5-13 September 1994 (United Nations publication,
Sales No. E.95.XIII.18), chap. I, resolution 1, annex.

      8/    A/CONF.166/9, chap. I, resolution 1, annexes I and II.

      9/    A/CONF.177/20 and Add.1, chap. I, resolution 1, annexes I
and II.

      10/   Report of the Director-General on the Education for All
Summit of Nine High-Population Developing Countries (New Delhi, 13-16
December 1993), United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural
Organization, Executive Board, document 144 EX/30, annex.

      11/   A/50/181-E/1995/65.

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