United Nations

A/RES/50/132


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

12 February 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 45


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

          [without reference to a Main Committee (A/50/L.17/Rev.1 and
                                Rev.1/Add.1)]


            50/132.  The situation in Central America:
                     procedures for the establishment of a
                     firm and lasting peace and progress in
                     fashioning a region of peace, freedom,
                     democracy and development


      The General Assembly,

      Recalling the relevant resolutions of the Security Council and
its own resolutions, particularly resolutions 48/161 of
20 December 1993 and 49/137 of 19 December 1994, in which it
recognized the importance of international support for Central
America, within an appropriate global frame of reference, in order to
preserve and extend the progress made in the process of consolidating
peace, democracy and sustainable development and thereby to overcome
the obstacles that are preventing Central America from becoming a
region of peace, freedom, democracy and sustainable development,

      Recognizing the importance and validity of the commitments made
by the Central American Presidents since the Esquipulas II summit
meeting of 7 August 1987  1/ and their subsequent summit meetings,
especially the fifteenth meeting, held at Gua'cimo, Costa Rica, from
18 to 20 August 1994,  2/ the Central American Environment Summit
for Sustainable Development, held at Managua on 12 and 13
October 1994,  3/ the International Conference on Peace and
Development in Central America, held at Tegucigalpa on 24 and
25 October 1994,  4/ and the sixteenth meeting of Central American
Presidents, held in El Salvador in March 1995,

      Reaffirming that there can be no peace in Central America without
sustainable development or democracy, which are essential for ensuring
the processes of change in the region and for implementing the
integrated proposal for sustainable development agreed on at the most
recent meetings of Central American Presidents, in particular the
Central American Environment Summit for Sustainable Development and
the International Conference on Peace and Development in Central
America,

      Convinced of the hopes that inspire the peoples of Central
America to achieve peace, reconciliation, development and social
justice, and the commitment to settle their differences by means of
dialogue, negotiation and respect for the legitimate interests of all
States, in accordance with their own decision and their own historical
experience, while fully respecting the principles of self-
determination and non-intervention,

      Recognizing the validity of the Declaration of Commitments in
favour of the populations affected both by uprootedness and by
conflicts and extreme poverty, adopted at Mexico City on 29 June 1994,
and the role of lead agency which the United Nations Development
Programme has assumed in the place of the mandate formerly discharged
by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees,

      Drawing attention to the establishment of the Alliance for the
Sustainable Development of Central America, 3/ which constitutes the
new integrated development strategy at the national and regional
levels and defines the political, moral, economic, social and
environmental priorities, and to the signing, at the El Salvador
summit meeting in March 1995, of the Treaty on Central American Social
Integration, one of whose main objectives is investment in human
capital, and bearing in mind that the Central American Integration
System is the institutional framework which makes possible the
effective, ordered and coherent promotion of integrated development,

      Emphasizing the importance of cooperation and international
solidarity in supporting the efforts being made by the peoples and
Governments of Central America for the consolidation of a firm and
lasting peace, and the need to strengthen the new programme of
cooperation and economic, technical and financial assistance for
Central America in the light of the new situation in the region,

      Noting the efforts made by the Central American Security
Commission and the importance of the ongoing negotiation of the
Central American security treaty in accelerating the establishment of
a new model of regional security, as provided for in the Tegucigalpa
Protocol,  5/ and the agenda and programme of specific action for
sustainable development adopted at the fifteenth Central American
summit meeting, held at Gua'cimo, 2/

      Welcoming the role played by the peace-keeping operations of the
United Nations which carried out fully their mandate in Central
America pursuant to the relevant resolutions of the Security Council,
and recognizing the importance of the observer and monitoring missions
planned or under way in the region in accordance with the resolutions
adopted by the General Assembly,

      Stressing the importance of the determination of the Government
of Guatemala and of the Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca to
achieve the full exercise of human rights and to reach, as promptly as
possible, an agreement to establish a firm and lasting peace, in
accordance with the Framework Agreement for the Resumption of the
Negotiating Process between the Government of Guatemala and the Unidad
Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca of 10 January 1994  6/ and
the hopes of the Guatemalan people, and the importance of full
compliance by both parties with the other agreed commitments,

      Recalling its resolutions 48/267 of 19 September 1994, 49/236 A
of 31 March 1995 and 49/236 B of 14 September 1995, by which it
decided to establish the United Nations Mission for the Verification
of Human Rights and of Compliance with the Commitments of the
Comprehensive Agreement on Human Rights in Guatemala and extended the
mandate of the Mission,

      Emphasizing the role of international cooperation in national
efforts towards peace, in particular in contributing to the trust fund
for the Guatemala peace process set up by the Secretary-General on
1 March 1995,

      Stressing also the importance of the current electoral process in
strengthening the democratic institutions of Guatemala,

      Noting with satisfaction the signing of the Agreement on Identity
and Rights of Indigenous Peoples on 31 March 1995, at Mexico
City,  7/ in the framework of the Guatemala peace process,

      Noting with appreciation the efforts being made by the people and
Government of El Salvador to consolidate the progress made in the
transition towards a society characterized by democracy, the rule of
law and respect for human rights, and commending the reaffirmation by
the Government of El Salvador of its political will to honour fully
its commitments under the Peace Agreement,  8/ for the benefit of
all Salvadorans,

      Welcoming resolution 50/7 of 31 October 1995, in which it
approved the proposal of the Secretary-General to extend the mandate
of the Mission of the United Nations in El Salvador for a period of
six months, with a gradual reduction of its strength and costs, in a
manner consistent with the effective performance of its duties, in
order to exercise his good offices and to monitor the application of
pending questions related to the peace agreements,

      Welcoming also the adoption of resolution 49/16 of 17 November
1994, in which it recognized the exceptional circumstances that still
prevail in Nicaragua,

      Recognizing that the efforts of the Government of Nicaragua to
consolidate peace and democracy, repair its economy and rebuild the
nation merit the urgent support of the international community and the
United Nations system in order to preserve the gains made and overcome
the effects of the war and natural disasters which persist in
Nicaragua, and that the request of the Nicaraguan Government for
United Nations observers during the elections to be held in 1996 also
merits support,

      Recognizing also the valuable and effective contribution made by
the United Nations and by various governmental and non-governmental
mechanisms to the gradual transformation of Central America into a
region of peace, freedom, democracy and development, and the
importance of the political dialogue and economic cooperation which
are taking place in the ministerial conference between the European
Union and the Central American countries, and the joint initiative by
the industrialized countries of the Group of Twenty-four and the
countries of the Group of Three  9/ as cooperating countries,
under the auspices of the Association for Democracy and Development in
Central America,

      Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General of 3 October
1995 on the situation in Central America,  10/

      1.    Commends the efforts of the peoples and Governments of the
Central American countries to consolidate peace and promote
sustainable development by implementing the agreements adopted at the
summit meetings, especially the commitments adopted at the recent
presidential meetings, and requests the Secretary-General to continue
to give the fullest possible support to the initiatives and activities
of the Governments of the Central American countries;

      2.    Supports the decision of the Presidents of the Central
American countries to declare Central America a region of peace,
freedom, democracy and development, and encourages the initiatives of
the Central American countries, in the framework of the integrated
strategy for sustainable development and based on the latest Central
American meetings, to consolidate Governments that base their
development on democracy, peace, cooperation and respect for human
rights;

      3.    Draws attention to the decision of the Presidents of the
Central American countries embodied in the Declaration of Gua'cimo, 2/
in which the national and regional strategy known as the Alliance for
the Sustainable Development of Central America became an integrated
initiative reflected in a programme of immediate action in the
political, moral, economic, social and environmental fields, through
which the Central American countries hope to become, with the support
of the international community, an example of sustainable development
for other regions;

      4.    Welcomes the efforts of the Central American countries to
promote economic growth oriented towards human development, as well as
the progress achieved in strengthening democracy and consolidating
peace in the region;

      5.    Emphasizes the work accomplished by the Central American
Integration System, the registry of the Tegucigalpa Protocol 5/ with
the United Nations Secretariat and the granting of observer status by
the General Assembly,  11/ expresses its full support for the
progress achieved by the  Central American countries in stimulating
and broadening the process of Central American integration, and calls
on Member States and international organizations to provide effective
cooperation to Central America so that subregional integration is
strengthened and becomes an effective mechanism for achieving
sustainable development;

      6.    Supports the concern of the Central American countries to
create a new model of regional security based on a reasonable balance
of forces and the pre-eminence of civil authority, urges the Central
American Security Commission to pursue negotiations for the
preparation of the treaty on democratic security in Central America,
which constitutes one of the basic aims of the Central American
Integration System, and requests the Secretary-General to provide it
with the requisite support in a timely manner;

      7.    Encourages the Security Commission to pursue negotiations
for the preparation of the treaty on democratic security in Central
America with a view to speeding up the establishment of the new model
of regional security;

      8.    Stresses the importance of intensifying the serious and
resolute negotiations between the Government of Guatemala and the
Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca, and urges that
negotiations on the remaining agenda items should be concluded without
delay with a view to reaching at the earliest possible date a firm and
lasting peace agreement, thus completing the peace process in Central
America;

      9.    Takes note with satisfaction of the Agreement on Identity
and Rights of Indigenous Peoples 7/ as an important step in the peace
process in Guatemala and a milestone in the International Decade of
the World's Indigenous People;

      10.   Calls upon the parties to comply fully with their
commitments under the Comprehensive Agreement on Human Rights in
Guatemala and their human rights commitments under the Agreement on
Identity and Rights of Indigenous Peoples and to implement the
corresponding recommendations of the United Nations Mission for the
Verification of Human Rights and of Compliance with the Commitments of
the Comprehensive Agreement on Human Rights in Guatemala;

      11.   Requests the Secretary-General, the organizations of the
United Nations system and the international community to continue
their support for the peace process and hence for efforts to promote
national reconciliation, democracy and development in Guatemala;

      12.   Reiterates its appreciation of the peace efforts of the
Secretary-General, the Group of Friends (Colombia, Mexico, Norway,
Spain, the United States of America and Venezuela) and the relevant
United Nations bodies, as well as its appreciation of the contribution
of the Assembly of Civil Society and other Guatemalans within the
constitutional framework and the peace agreements;

      13.   Welcomes the Contadora Declaration signed on 22 August 1995
by the political forces of Guatemala, in which they committed
themselves to assuring that the Government that will take office on
14 January 1996 will respect the agreements already reached in the
peace process and will make every effort to bring that process to an
early and successful conclusion;

      14.   Calls upon the Government of El Salvador and all the
political forces involved in the peace process to make all possible
efforts to complete the implementation of all remaining aspects of the
Peace Agreement; 8/

      15.   Notes with satisfaction the establishment by the Secretary-
General of the Trust Fund for the Mission of the United Nations in
El Salvador and the extension of the Mission's mandate for a six-month
period as from 31 October 1995 in order to continue to observe and
monitor the implementation of the remaining commitments until they
have been fully met, and emphasizes the importance of continued
cooperation between the Mission of the United Nations in El Salvador
and other organizations of the United Nations system in the
consolidation of the Peace Agreement;

      16.   Reiterates its recognition of the effective and timely
participation of the Secretary-General and his representatives and
encourages them to continue to take all necessary steps to ensure the
successful implementation of all the commitments made by the parties
to the El Salvador Peace Agreement, including the joint effort
undertaken by the Government of El Salvador and the Frente Farabundo
Marti' para la Liberacio'n Nacional to obtain resources to facilitate
the full implementation of the Peace Agreement;

      17.   Recognizes the achievements made by the people and
Government of Nicaragua in their efforts to consolidate peace,
democracy and reconciliation among Nicaraguans, as well as the
importance of reaching a national understanding in order to define a
national development strategy through political dialogue and economic
and social consultation among all sectors of the country, thereby
strengthening grass-roots support for the country's reconstruction,
and emphasizes how important it is for the Secretary-General to comply
with Nicaragua's request for observers to be present during the
electoral process in 1996;

      18.   Supports the treatment accorded to Nicaragua in the light of
its continuing exceptional circumstances, so that the international
community and financial institutions can incorporate that treatment
into programmes to support the country's economic recovery and social
reconstruction;

      19.   Expresses its appreciation of the work of the support group
for Nicaragua (Canada, Mexico, the Netherlands, Spain and Sweden),
which, under the coordination of the Secretary-General, is playing an
active role in supporting the country's efforts towards economic
recovery and social development, particularly with regard to solving
the external debt problem and securing investments and new resources
that will allow the country's economic and social reconstruction
programmes to continue, and requests the Secretary-General to continue
to support those efforts;

      20.   Emphasizes the importance that the political dialogue and
economic cooperation taking place within the ministerial conference
between the European Union and its member States and the Central
American countries, with the participation of the Group of Three 9/ as
cooperating countries, have for the efforts of the Central American
countries to achieve peace, consolidate democracy and ensure
sustainable development;

      21.   Also emphasizes the commitments on sustainable development
adopted at the fifteenth meeting of Central American Presidents, held
at Gua'cimo, Costa Rica, 2/ the sixteenth meeting of Central American
Presidents, held in El Salvador in March 1995, the Central American
Environment Summit for Sustainable Development, held at Managua, 3/
and the International Conference on Peace and Development in Central
America, held at Tegucigalpa, 4/ and urges the international community
to give them every support;

      22.   Reiterates the importance of the support of the United
Nations system through its operational activities, in particular the
United Nations Development Programme, aimed at facilitating the
development of programmes and projects which are indispensable for
strengthening peace and the development process in the region, bearing
particularly in mind the new strategy for subregional development
established by the Alliance for the Sustainable Development of Central
America,  12/ and urges the international community to lend its
support to the achievement of the goals of the new strategy for
development in Central America;

      23.   Recognizes the importance of accessions to the Treaty on
Central American Social Integration  13/ and the fulfilment of
the commitments made at Mexico City in June 1994 to benefit
populations affected by uprooting, conflicts and extreme poverty; 

      24.   Reiterates its full appreciation and gratitude to the
Secretary-General for his efforts to promote the pacification process
and the consolidation of peace in Central America, and to the groups
of friendly countries which have made a direct contribution to
attaining those ends, and requests that those efforts be continued;

      25.   Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly  at its fifty-first session on the implementation of the
present resolution;

      26.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
first session the item entitled "The situation in Central America:
procedures for the establishment of a firm and lasting peace and
progress in fashioning a region of peace, freedom, democracy and
development".

                                                          96th plenary meeting
                                                              20 December 1995


                                  Notes

1/   A/42/521-S/19085, annex.

2/   A/49/340-S/1994/994, annex.

3/   See A/49/580-S/1994/1217, annex I.

4/   See A/49/639-S/1994/1247.

5/   A/46/829-S/23310, annex III.

6/   A/49/61-S/1994/53, annex.

7/   A/49/882-S/1995/256, annex.

8/   A/46/864-S/23501, annex.

9/   The group of cooperating countries, known as the "Group of Three",
consists of Colombia, Mexico and Venezuela.

10/  A/50/499.

11/  Resolution 50/2.

12/  See A/50/534.

13/  A/49/901-S/1995/396, annex VII.


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