United Nations

A/RES/50/128


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

23 February 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 12


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

           [on the report of the Second Committee (A/50/615/Add.1)]


            50/128.  Preventive action and intensification of
                     the struggle against malaria in
                     developing countries, particularly in
                     Africa

      The General Assembly,

      Reaffirming its resolution 49/135 of 19 December 1994,

      Recalling Economic and Social Council resolutions 1994/34 of
29 July 1994 and 1995/63 of 28 July 1995,

      Gravely concerned by the fact that malaria causes the death of
four million people annually, that hundreds of millions of cases of
malaria are reported annually and that infants and children under age
five are the major victims,

      Alarmed by the loss of human life, the severe degradation in the
quality of life and the fact that the social and economic development
of developing countries is impeded as a result of malaria, and despite
the development of new vaccines,

      Recalling agreed conclusions 1993/2 of the coordination segment
of the substantive session of 1993 of the Economic and Social Council
on the coordination of the policies and activities of the specialized
agencies and other bodies of the United Nations system in the fields
of preventive action and intensification of the struggle against
malaria and diarrhoeal diseases, in particular cholera,  1/

      Acknowledging the importance for countries where malaria is
endemic of adopting national plans of action in conformity with the
Global Malaria Control Strategy of the World Health Organization, 
2/ endorsed by the Ministerial Conference on Malaria held at Amsterdam
in 1992 and by the World Health Assembly in 1993, 

      1.    Welcomes the report of the Secretary-General on preventive
action and intensification of the struggle against malaria in
developing countries, particularly in Africa;  3/

      2.    Reaffirms its endorsement of the Global Malaria Control
Strategy of the World Health Organization, as adopted;

      3.    Expresses its appreciation of the efforts of the World
Health Organization and the specialized agencies concerned in
assisting the developing countries in their efforts to combat endemic
diseases;

      4.    Notes with appreciation the continuing efforts of the
affected countries to control the disease, in spite of their meagre
resources, through national plans and projects, and urges the affected
countries that have not yet done so to adopt national plans to control
malaria in conformity with the Global Strategy of the World Health
Organization;

      5.    Stresses the need for strengthening national capacity-
building within the context of primary health care so as to enable
developing countries to meet the objectives of the Global Strategy,
with a view to contributing to the development of overall health;

      6.    Endorses the strategies and work plans that have been
developed through a collaborative process involving relevant organs,
organizations and programmes of the United Nations system, with the
World Health Organization as task coordinator, to provide optimal
support to affected developing countries in order to achieve the goals
and objectives pertaining to the prevention and control of malaria and
diarrhoeal diseases;

      7.    Calls upon the international community, in particular the
donor countries, to expand, where possible, fund-raising channels and
to provide adequate financial resources and medical and technical
assistance to the affected developing countries, in particular African
countries and least developed countries, for the successful
implementation of work plans and projects and the achievement of
significant progress in both the short and the  medium term in
controlling malaria, and to intensify basic and applied research on
anti-malarial vaccines as a priority;

      8.    Encourages the Director-General of the World Health
Organization, through the World Health Organization's Division of
Control of Tropical Diseases, to continue his efforts to mobilize
international organizations, multilateral financial institutions, the
specialized agencies, organs and programmes of the United Nations
system and non-governmental organizations as well as other groups to
provide the affected developing countries, in particular African
countries, with technical, medical and financial resources and
assistance commensurate with the needs set forth in those countries'
national plans to control malaria;

      9.    Welcomes the proposal of the Secretary-General related to
the struggle against malaria in Africa contained in his initiatives
for Africa;

      10.   Welcomes with satisfaction the agreement signed between
Dr. Manuel Elkin Patarroyo of Colombia and the World Health
Organization, in May 1995, by which Dr. Patarroyo donated to the World
Health Organization the licence of the patent rights and know-how
related to the SPf66 anti-malarial vaccine developed by him, which
constitutes an example of solidarity and effective South-South
cooperation for development, and supports the request of the World
Health Organization for the provision of additional resources for
malaria research under the United Nations Development Programme/World
Bank/World Health Organization Special Programme for Research and
Training in Tropical Diseases in order to accomplish its goal of
developing an effective vaccine for the control of malaria;

      11.   Requests the Secretary-General to transmit to the General
Assembly at its fifty-first session the progress report of the
Director-General of the World Health Organization on the
implementation of the strategies and work plans to be prepared in
collaboration with the other relevant organs, organizations, bodies
and programmes of the United Nations system.

                                                          96th plenary meeting
                                                              20 December 1995


                                     Notes

1/            See Official Records of the General Assembly, Forty-
eighth Session, Supplement No. 3 (A/48/3/Rev.1), chap. III, sect. B,
para. 33.

2/            World Health Organization, A Global Strategy for Malaria
Control (Geneva, 1993).

3/            A/50/180-E/1995/63.

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