United Nations

A/RES/50/126


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

23 February 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 12


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

           [on the report of the Second Committee (A/50/615/Add.1)]


            50/126.  Water supply and sanitation

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolution 35/18 of 10 November 1980, by which it
proclaimed the period 1981-1990 as the International Drinking Water
Supply and Sanitation Decade,

      Recalling also its resolution 45/181 of 21 December 1990, in
which it expressed its deep concern about the slow rate of progress in
the provision of services in water and sanitation,

      Recalling further its resolution 47/193 of 22 December 1992, in
which it declared 22 March of each year World Day for Water,

      Bearing in mind that the Second United Nations Conference on the
Least Developed Countries, held in Paris from 3 to 14 September 1990,
the World Summit for Children, held in New York on 29 and 30 September
1990, the Global Strategy for Shelter to the Year 2000 and the United
Nations Conference on Environment and Development, held at Rio de
Janeiro from 3 to 14 June 1992, reiterated the need to provide, on a
sustainable basis, access to safe water in sufficient quantities and
proper sanitation for all,

      Deeply concerned that at the current rate of progress the
provision of drinking water will be insufficient to satisfy the needs
of a very large number of people by the year 2000 and that the lack of
progress in the provision of basic sanitation services is likely to
have dramatic environmental and health consequences in the near
future,

      1.    Takes note with appreciation of the report of the Secretary-
General on progress made in providing safe water supply and sanitation
for all during the first half of the 1990s;  1/

      2.    Takes note of the programme strategies in water and
environmental sanitation adopted by the Executive Board of the United
Nations Children's Fund at its annual session for 1995  2/ and of
resolution AFR/RC 43/R2 of the Regional Committee for Africa of the
World Health Organization, in which the Committee endorsed the Africa
2000 initiative for water supply and sanitation in Africa;

      3.    Calls upon Governments to implement fully the provisions
concerning water resources in general and water supply and sanitation
in particular contained in chapter 18 of Agenda 21,  3/ and the
recommendations made by the Commission on Sustainable Development at
its second and third sessions,  4/ including the recommendations for
action contained in the Action Programme of the Ministerial Conference
on Drinking Water and Environmental Sanitation convened by the
Government of the Netherlands on 22 and 23 March 1994,  5/ in
particular:

      (a)   To develop, review or revise by 1997 and implement, in the
context of a national sustainable development strategy consistent with
Agenda 21, measures for drinking water supply and environmental
sanitation, taking into account the goals set by the World Summit for
Children;

      (b)   To undertake, as appropriate, legal, regulatory and
institutional reforms designed to bring about the management of water
resources at the lowest appropriate level, including stakeholder
participation and the involvement of the private sector, and to adopt
strategies for capacity-building;

      (c)   To assign high priority to programmes designed to provide
basic sanitation and excreta disposal systems to urban and rural areas
and to the treatment of waste waters, with provisions for community
involvement;

      (d)   To formulate and implement investment strategies and cost-
recovery policies aimed at generating a flow of financial resources
commensurate with needs, taking into account the needs and conditions
of the peri-urban and rural poor;

      (e)   To establish or strengthen a nationwide water and sanitation
monitoring system, making full use, as appropriate, of the information
support system developed by the Joint Monitoring Programme of the
World Health Organization and the United Nations Children's Fund;

      4.    Calls upon the organizations of the United Nations system
and other relevant organizations to intensify their efforts concerning
financial and technical support for developing countries and countries
with economies in transition;

      5.    Urges donor Governments, multilateral financial and
development institutions and non-governmental organizations to give
favourable and appropriate consideration to requests for grants and
concessional financing,  particularly with regard to environmental
sanitation and sewerage and to waste-water treatment projects, which
are intended to implement programmes consistent with the provisions
and recommendations referred to in paragraph 3 of the present
resolution;

      6.    Decides to review at its fifty-fifth session the situation
at the end of the 1990s and requests the Secretary-General to submit a
report to it, through the Commission on Sustainable Development and
the Economic and Social Council, containing an assessment of the water
supply and sanitation situation in developing countries, including
proposals for action for the ensuing decade at the national and
international levels.

                                                          96th plenary meeting
                                                              20 December 1995


                                     Notes

1/          A/50/213-E/1995/87.

2/          See E/1995/L.23, sect. IV, decision 1995/22. The final text
of the decision will appear in Official Records of the Economic and
Social Council, 1995, Supplement No. 13 (E/1995/33/Rev.1).

3/          See Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment
and Development, Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992 (A/CONF.151/26/Rev.1
(Vol. I and Vol. I/Corr.1, Vol. II, Vol. III and Vol. III/Corr.1)
(United Nations publication, Sales No. E.93.I.8 and corrigenda),
vol. I:  Resolutions Adopted by the Conference, resolution 1,
annex II.

4/          See Official Records of the Economic and Social Council,
1994, Supplement No. 13 (E/1994/33/Rev.1); and ibid., 1995, Supplement
No. 12 (E/1995/32).

5/          See E/CN.17/1994/12, annex.

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