United Nations

A/RES/50/124


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

23 February 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 102


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

              [on the report of the Second Committee (A/50/624)]


            50/124.  Implementation of the Programme of
                     Action of the International Conference
                     on Population and Development

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolutions 49/128 of 19 December 1994 on the
report of the International Conference on Population and Development,
 1/ and 48/162 of 20 December 1993 on the restructuring and
revitalization of the United Nations in the economic, social and
related fields,

      Recalling also Economic and Social Council decision 1994/227 of
14 July 1994, by which the Council approved the provisional agenda and
documentation for the twenty-eighth session of the then Population
Commission, including discussion of the implications of the
recommendations of the International Conference on Population and
Development,

      Recalling further Economic and Social Council resolution 1995/55
of 28 July 1995 on the implementation of the Programme of Action of
the International Conference on Population and Development,  2/  by
which the Council endorsed the terms of reference proposed by the
renamed Commission on Population and Development in its report on its
twenty-eighth session,  3/ which reflect the comprehensive and
integrated nature of population and development,

      Acknowledging fully the integrated approach taken during the
International Conference on Population and Development, which
recognizes the interrelationship between population, sustained
economic growth and sustainable development,

      Having considered the report of the Secretary-General  4/ on
the implementation of General Assembly resolution 49/128 on the report
of the International Conference on Population and Development,

      Recognizing that the implementation of the recommendations
contained in the Programme of Action is the sovereign right of every
country, in accordance with its national laws and development
priorities, with full respect for the various religious and ethical
values and cultural backgrounds of its peoples and in conformity with
universally recognized international human rights,

      Reaffirming the importance of the principles and concepts set out
in the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development  5/ and Agenda
21  6/ for the purpose of implementing the Programme of Action of
the International Conference on Population and Development, and in
that regard recognizing that chapter 5 of Agenda 21 6/ and chapter III
of the Programme of Action 2/ reinforce one another and together form
a comprehensive and compelling up-to-date account of what needs to be
done about the interface between population, environment and
sustainable development,

      Noting with satisfaction the contribution that the outcome of the
International Conference on Population and Development has made to the
World Summit for Social Development and the Fourth World Conference on
Women, and expressing its belief in the contribution that the outcome
of the International Conference on Population and Development will
make to the forthcoming United Nations Conference on Human Settlements
(Habitat II) and in the elaboration of an agenda for development, in
particular with regard to the call for a greater investment in people,

      1.    Notes the action taken so far by Governments and the
international community to implement the Programme of Action of the
International Conference on Population and Development, and encourages
them to strengthen their efforts in that regard;

      2.    Reiterates its commitment to the full implementation of the
Programme of Action, and reaffirms that Governments should continue to
commit themselves at the highest political level to achieving its
goals and objectives, which reflect a new integrated approach to
population and development, and to take a lead role in coordinating
the implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the follow-up
actions;

      3.    Takes note with appreciation of the report of the Secretary-
General 4/ on the implementation of General Assembly resolution 49/128
and of the proposals contained therein;

      4.    Takes note of the following proposals made by the United
Nations Population Fund in the above-mentioned report:

      (a)   To replace the biennial report of the Fund to the Commission
on Population and Development on multilateral population assistance by
an annual report on the amount of financial resources allocated for
the implementation of the Programme of Action at the national and
international levels;

      (b)   To refine and improve further, where necessary, the current
system devoted to monitoring the amount of international assistance
for programmes dealing with population and development so as to render
it more accurate;

      5.    Endorses Economic and Social Council decision 1995/320 of 12
December 1995, by which it enlarged the membership of the Commission
on Population and Development from 27 to 47 members, elected by the
Council from among the members of the United Nations and members of
its specialized agencies, in time to take part in the twenty-ninth
session of the Commission, and that the regional representation would
be 12 for African States, 11 for Asian States, 5 for Eastern European
States, 9 for Latin American and Caribbean States and 10 for Western
European and Other States, bearing in mind that the representatives of
Governments that are to serve on the Commission should have a relevant
background in population and development, in order to ensure that it
fulfils its functions as reflected in its updated and enhanced
mandate, taking into account the integrated multidisciplinary and
comprehensive approach of the Programme of Action and the membership
of the other functional commissions of the Council;

      6.    Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General on
monitoring world population trends and policies,  7/ and of the
Executive Director of the United Nations Population Fund on monitoring
multilateral population assistance;  8/

      7.    Renews its call to all Governments, organizations of the
United Nations system and other major groups concerned with population
and development issues, including intergovernmental and
non-governmental organizations, parliamentarians and other community
leaders, to continue to give the widest possible dissemination to the
Programme of Action, including the use of electronic data networks, to
seek public support for its goals, objectives and actions, and to
maintain and enhance partnership between Governments and
non-governmental organizations so as to ensure their continued
contributions and cooperation concerning all aspects of population and
development;

      8.    Urges Governments that have not yet done so to establish
appropriate national follow-up mechanisms, in partnership with
non-governmental organizations, community groups and representatives
of the media and the academic community, and to seek the support of
parliamentarians so as to ensure the full implementation of the
Programme of Action;

      9.    Reaffirms that the follow-up to the Conference, at all
levels, should take fully into account that population, health,
education, poverty, patterns of production and consumption,
empowerment of women and the environment are closely interconnected
and should be considered through an integrated approach;

      10.   Urges all countries to consider their current spending
priorities with a view to making additional contributions for the
implementation of the Programme of Action, taking into account the
provisions of chapters XIII and XIV thereof 2/ and the economic
constraints faced by developing countries, in particular the least
developed among them, and emphasizes that international cooperation in
the field of population and development is essential for the
implementation of the recommendations adopted at the Conference; and
in this context, calls upon the international community to continue to
provide, both bilaterally and multilaterally, adequate and substantial
support and assistance for population and development activities,
including through the United Nations Population Fund and other organs
and organizations of the United Nations system and the specialized
agencies that will be involved in the implementation, at all levels,
of the Programme of Action;

      11.   Reiterates the importance of South-South cooperation for the
successful implementation of the Programme of Action;

      12.   Reaffirms that the effective implementation of the Programme
of Action will require an increased commitment of financial resources,
both domestically and externally, and, in this context, calls upon the
developed countries to complement the national financial efforts of
developing countries on population and development and to intensify
their efforts to transfer new and additional resources to the
developing countries, in accordance with the relevant provisions of
the Programme of Action, in order to ensure that population and
development objectives and goals are met;

      13.   Acknowledges that countries with economies in transition
should receive temporary assistance for population and development
activities, in view of the difficult economic and social problems
faced by those countries at present;

      14.   Urges the international community to promote a supportive
international economic environment by adopting favourable
macroeconomic policies aimed at promoting sustained economic growth
and sustainable development;

      15.   Emphasizes the importance of the early identification and
allocation of financial resources by all members of the international
community, including regional financial institutions, to enable them
to fulfil their commitments with regard to the implementation of the
Programme of Action;

      16.   Invites the Secretary-General to ensure that adequate
resources are provided for the Conference follow-up activities to be
carried out by the Secretariat during 1996;

      17.   Invites the regional commissions, other regional and
subregional organizations and the development banks to continue to
examine and analyse the results of implementation of the Programme of
Action at the regional level under their respective mandates;

      18.   Welcomes the work undertaken by the Inter-Agency Task Force
on the Implementation of the Programme of Action, chaired by the
Executive Director of the United Nations Population Fund, and stresses
the importance of continued and enhanced cooperation and coordination
by all relevant organs, organizations and programmes of the United
Nations system and the specialized agencies in the implementation of
the Programme of Action, and, in this context, notes the establishment
of new inter-agency task forces for the follow-up to conferences,
which could be relevant for the implementation and follow-up to the
International Conference on Population and Development;

      19.   Emphasizes the need to maintain the momentum of the
follow-up activities relating to the Conference and the Programme of
Action so as to utilize, to the fullest extent possible, existing
capacity within the United Nations system in the area of population
and development, including the Commission on Population and
Development, the Population Division of the Department for Economic
and Social Information and Policy Analysis of the Secretariat and the
United Nations Population Fund, other organizations, funds and
programmes of the United Nations and the specialized agencies whose
continued support and commitment are required for the successful
implementation of the full range of activities outlined in the
Programme of Action, and invites them to work closely in the
preparation of reports for the Commission on Population and
Development;

      20.   Requests the specialized agencies and all related
organizations of the United Nations system to continue to take
appropriate measures to ensure the full and effective implementation
of the Programme of Action, taking into account the specific needs of
developing countries, and welcomes the intention of the Secretary-
General to report through the Commission on Population and Development
to the Economic and Social Council at its substantive session of 1996
on the work of the Inter-Agency Task Force, for coordination purposes,
and to the General Assembly at its fifty-first session, for policy
implications;

      21.   Requests the Economic and Social Council:

      (a)   To consider relevant reports and give guidance on matters
concerning harmonization, cooperation and coordination within the
United Nations system regarding the implementation of the Programme of
Action;

      (b)   To consider, as appropriate, the reports submitted by the
different bodies and organs on various matters related to the
Programme of Action;

      (c)   To consider the proposed report on the work of the
Inter-Agency Task Force;

      22.   Requests the funds and programmes of the United Nations
system and the regional commissions and funds to continue to provide
their full and active support to the implementation of the Programme
of Action, in particular at the field level, through the United
Nations resident coordinator system, and invites the relevant
specialized agencies to do the same;

      23.   Requests the Secretary-General to report, through the
Economic and Social Council, to the General Assembly at its fifty-
first session on the implementation of the present resolution;

      24.   Decides to include in the agenda of its fifty-first session,
within existing clusters, the item entitled "Implementation of the
Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and
Development".


                                                          96th plenary meeting
                                                              20 December 1995


                                     Notes

1/          Report of the International Conference on Population and
Development, Cairo, 5-13 September 1994 (A/CONF.171/13/Rev.1) (United
Nations publication, Sales No. E.95.XIII.18).

2/       Ibid., chap. I, resolution 1, annex.

3/          See Official Records of the Economic and Social Council,
1995, Supplement No. 7 (E/1995/27), annex I.

4/       A/50/190-E/1995/73.

5/       See Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and
Development, Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992 (A/CONF.151/26/Rev.1 (Vol.
I and Vol. I/Corr.1, Vol. II, Vol. III and Vol. III/Corr.1)) (United
Nations publication, Sales No. E.93.I.8 and corrigenda), vol. I:
Resolutions Adopted by the Conference, resolution 1, annex I.

6/       Ibid., annex II.

7/          E/CN.9/1995/2.

8/          E/CN.9/1995/4.

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