United Nations

A/RES/50/119


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

16 February 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 97


               RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

           [on the report of the Second Committee (A/50/619)]


            50/119.  Economic and technical cooperation among
                     developing countries and a United
                     Nations conference on South-South
                     cooperation


      The General Assembly,

      Reaffirming its resolutions 33/134 of 19 December 1978, in which
it endorsed the Buenos Aires Plan of Action for Promoting and
Implementing Technical Cooperation among Developing Countries,  1/
and 46/159 of 19 December 1991 on technical cooperation among
developing countries, as well as its other relevant resolutions on
economic and technical cooperation among developing countries,

      Reaffirming also its resolution 49/96 of 19 December 1994 on a
United Nations conference on South-South cooperation,

      Recalling Economic and Social Council resolution 1992/41 of 30
July 1992, in which the Council called upon all parties in the
development effort to make concerted, planned and vigorous endeavours
to benefit from utilization of the capacities of developing countries
by giving their full support and first consideration to the use of the
modality of technical cooperation among developing countries,

      Taking note of the decisions and recommendations contained in the
Final Document of the Eleventh Conference of Heads of State or
Government of the Non-Aligned Countries,  2/ held at Cartagena de
Indias, Colombia, from 18 to 20 October 1995,

      Bearing in mind the Ministerial Declaration of the Group of
77,  3/ adopted at the nineteenth annual meeting of the Ministers
for Foreign Affairs of the Group of 77, held in New York on 29
September 1995, which emphasized the importance of South-South
cooperation, particularly the convening of a United Nations conference
on South-South cooperation no later than 1997,

      Reaffirming that South-South cooperation constitutes an important
element of international cooperation for development as well as an
essential basis for national and collective self-reliance and a means
of promoting the integration of developing countries into the world
economy,

      Reaffirming also that South-South cooperation is not a substitute
for, but is complementary to, North-South cooperation,

      Noting with satisfaction the increase in economic and technical
cooperation among developing countries reported by both developing
countries and the United Nations development system,

      Recognizing the need for the international community to support
the developing countries in optimizing opportunities for expanding
South-South cooperation,

      Welcoming the report on new directions for technical cooperation
among developing countries,  4/ prepared in response to its
resolution 49/96, whose recommendations were endorsed by the
High-level Committee on the Review of Technical Cooperation among
Developing Countries at its ninth session,  5/ and subsequently
endorsed by the Economic and Social Council,

      Noting with satisfaction the launching of the South Centre as an
intergovernmental organization, and its important contribution to the
promotion and strengthening of South-South cooperation,

      Recognizing that recent advances in communications technology
have created new opportunities for South-South cooperation,

      Taking note of the report of the Intergovernmental Meeting of
Experts on South-South Cooperation,  6/ convened by the
Secretary-General in New York from 31 July to 4 August 1995, and of
the reports of the Standing Committee on Economic Cooperation among
Developing Countries of the United Nations Conference on Trade and
Development  7/ and of the High-level Committee on the Review of
Technical Cooperation among Developing Countries on the work of its
ninth session,  8/ at which substantive issues were presented and
practical modalities for strengthening South-South economic and
technical cooperation at the global level were recommended,

      1.    Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General on the
state of South-South cooperation  9/ and its supplement entitled
State of South-South Cooperation:  Statistical Pocket Book and Index
of Cooperation Organizations,  10/ which provide a comprehensive
and systematic overview and analysis of South-South cooperation
worldwide and of United Nations system support for such cooperation;

      2.    Endorses the recommendations contained in the report on new
directions for technical cooperation among developing countries, 4/
which among other things call for the adoption of a more strategic
orientation for technical cooperation among developing countries
focusing on priority issues, such as trade and investment, debt, the
environment, poverty alleviation, production and employment, and
macroeconomic policy coordination, as well as education, health, the
transfer of technology and rural development, which are likely to have
a major development impact on a large number of developing countries;

      3.    Welcomes the decision of the Executive Board of the United
Nations Development Programme and of the United Nations Population
Fund to increase the allocation of resources for technical cooperation
among developing countries during the next programming cycle of the
United Nations Development Programme;

      4.    Calls upon all Governments and relevant United Nations
organizations, including the multilateral financial institutions, to
consider increasing allocations for economic and technical cooperation
among developing countries and to identify new funding modalities to
promote South-South cooperation such as triangular cooperation and
private sector funding;

      5.    Invites the United Nations Development Programme to
establish a voluntary trust fund for the promotion of South-South
cooperation and invites all countries to contribute to the fund;

      6.    Calls upon the developing countries and their institutions
to increase joint efforts in technology cooperation, broader
technological development such as encompasses scientific and
technological management capabilities and information networks that
are demand-oriented and involve participation by users of technology
or by those involved in the process of technological development,
infrastructure and human resources development;

      7.    Welcomes the decision of the United Nations Conference on
Trade and Development to address at its ninth session the issue of new
approaches to South-South economic cooperation, as well as the role
and potential impact on development of regional economic groupings in
the globalizing and liberalizing world economy;

      8.    Invites, in this context, the United Nations Conference on
Trade and Development, at its ninth session, to be held in South
Africa, to consider strengthening economic and technical cooperation
among developing countries as a strategy for promoting growth and
development and for ensuring the effective integration of the
developing countries into the world economy, and to formulate concrete
policy recommendations in this regard;

      9.    Requests the Secretary-General to present to the General
Assembly, on a biennial basis, a report entitled "State of South-South
cooperation" containing a comprehensive overview and analysis of
South-South economic and technical cooperation worldwide and
international support in this regard, including quantitative data and
indicators on all aspects of South-South cooperation as well as
recommendations for strengthening such cooperation, keeping in view
the importance of the proposal to convene a United Nations conference
on South-South cooperation;

      10.   Invites all other organs, organizations and agencies of the
United Nations system, in particular the United Nations Conference on
Trade and Development and the regional commissions, to provide
analytical and empirical material for the preparation of the above-
mentioned report;

      11.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its
fifty-second session the sub-item entitled "Economic and technical
cooperation among developing countries".

                                                          96th plenary meeting
                                                              20 December 1995


                                     Notes

1/   Report of the United Nations Conference on Technical
Cooperation among Developing Countries, Buenos Aires, 30 August-12
September 1978 (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.78.II.A.11 and
corrigendum), chap. I.

2/   See A/50/752-S/1995/1035, annex III.

3/   A/50/518, annex.

4/   TCDC/9/3.

5/   See A/50/39, annex I, decision 9/2.

6/   A/AC.246/3.

7/   TD/B/42(1)/7 and TD/B/CN.3/16.

8/   See A/50/39.

9/   A/50/340 and Add.1.

10/  United Nations publication, Sales No. E.95.II.D.18.

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