United Nations

A/RES/50/118


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

16 February 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 97


               RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

           [on the report of the Second Committee (A/50/619)]


            50/118.  Cooperation between the United Nations
                     and the Southern African Development
                     Community


      The General Assembly,

      Reaffirming its resolutions 37/248 of 21 December 1982, 38/160 of
19 December 1983, 39/215 of 18 December 1984, 40/195 of 17 December
1985, 42/181 of 11 December 1987, 44/221 of 22 December 1989, 46/160
of 19 December 1991 and 48/173 of 21 December 1993, in which,
inter alia, it requested the Secretary-General to promote cooperation
between the organs, organizations and bodies of the United Nations
system and the Southern African Development Coordination Conference,
and urged intensification of contacts in order to accelerate the
achievement of the objectives of the Lusaka Declaration of 1 April
1980, by which the Conference was established,  1/

      Having considered the report of the Secretary-General,  2/

      Welcoming the strengthening of the Southern African Development
Community  3/ through the admission of South Africa and Mauritius
as member States,

      Commending member States of the Community for demonstrating their
support and commitment to deeper and more formal arrangements for
cooperation within the new Community,

      Commending also the efforts made by the Community to implement
its programme of action,

      Reaffirming that the successful implementation of the development
programmes of the Community can be achieved only if the Community has
adequate resources at its disposal,

      Noting that the effects of war, loss of life and destruction of
economic and social infrastructure in southern Africa demand the
continuation and strengthening of rehabilitation programmes to
regenerate the economies of the countries of the region,

      Noting with grave concern the recurrence of drought in the region
and the increase of poverty as a result, especially in rural
communities,

      Recognizing the strengthening of democratic governance and other
positive developments in the region, including the holding of
elections and installation of a democratic Government in South Africa,
and the restoration of democratic rule in Lesotho in September 1994,
as well as the holding of multi-party elections in Malawi and recently
in the United Republic of Tanzania,

      Welcoming with satisfaction the reintegration of Walvis Bay and
the offshore islands into Namibia, and noting the impact of Walvis Bay
as a major harbour on regional economic cooperation,

      Also noting that despite the positive developments in the
political and military situation in Angola, the economic, social and
humanitarian situation remains dire, and reaffirming both the
importance of and the need for a continued and effective United
Nations presence in promoting a negotiated settlement in Angola with a
view to fostering the peace process,

      Noting with satisfaction the successful implementation of the
General Peace Agreement for Mozambique,  4/ which has created
favourable conditions for the establishment of lasting peace, the
enhancement of democracy, the promotion of national reconciliation,
and the implementation of a programme of national reconstruction and
development in Mozambique,

      Recognizing the valuable and effective economic and financial
contribution that some organs, organizations and bodies of the United
Nations system have made to complement national and subregional
efforts for the advancement of the process of democratization,
rehabilitation and development in southern Africa,

      Welcoming the outcome of recent United Nations conferences, in
particular the Fourth World Conference on Women,  5/ and
recognizing the important role that women play in development in the
region,

      1.    Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General, 2/ in
which he describes progress made in the implementation of General
Assembly resolutions dealing with cooperation between the United
Nations and the Southern African Development Community;

      2.    Commends the States Members of the United Nations and
organs, organizations and bodies of the United Nations system that
have maintained, enhanced and initiated development cooperation with
the Community;

      3.    Calls upon the States Members of the United Nations and
organs, organizations and bodies of the United Nations system that
have not yet established contact and relationships with the Community
to explore the possibility of doing so;

      4.    Commends also the members of the Community for the progress
that has  been achieved to date in implementing its programme of
action, and encourages perseverance with those efforts;

      5.    Expresses appreciation to the international community for
the financial, technical and material support given to the Community;

      6.    Renews its appeal to the international community to maintain
current levels of, and increase, where appropriate, its financial,
technical and material support to the Community in order to enable it
to implement fully its programme of action and to meet the
reconstruction and rehabilitation needs of the region;

      7.    Appeals to the international community and to relevant
organizations and bodies of the United Nations system to extend
appropriate assistance to the Community in order to enable it to
advance further the process of regional economic integration;

      8.    Appeals to the United Nations, its related organs and the
international community to assist the Community with appropriate
resources to implement the programmes and decisions adopted by various
United Nations world conferences, with specific emphasis on the
enhancement of the role of women in the development process;

      9.    Welcomes the economic and political achievements and reforms
undertaken within the Community, which are intended to address better
the challenges of regional cooperation and integration in the 1990s
and beyond;

      10.   Appeals to the international community to extend the needed
assistance to the newly democratized South African nation to enable it
to implement its reconstruction and development programme as speedily
as possible;

      11.   Calls upon the United Nations to intensify its efforts to
assist the Government of Angola and the National Union for the Total
Independence of Angola in the rapid implementation of the Lusaka
Protocol  6/ in all its aspects;

      12.   Expresses its appreciation for the substantial contributions
of Member States, United Nations agencies and non-governmental
organizations to meet the needs of the Angolan people, and encourages
additional substantial contributions;

      13.   Calls upon the international community to continue to extend
its support to the people of Mozambique in their efforts to
consolidate their newfound peace and democracy based on national
reconstruction and development in that country;

      14.   Reaffirms its appeal to the international community to
continue rendering assistance to Namibia to enable it to implement its
national development programmes;

      15.   Commends the Secretary-General and members of the
international community for their timely response to the drought
situation in southern Africa, which has averted famine in the region;

      16.   Appeals to the United Nations and the international
community for continued assistance in addressing the drought situation
in the southern African region, especially through strengthening the
capacity of the Community in drought mitigation, drought monitoring,
early warning and preparedness;

      17.   Invites the donor community and other cooperating partners
to participate at a high level in the Annual Consultative Conference
of the Southern African Development Community, to be held at
Johannesburg on 1 and 2 February 1996;

      18.   Requests the Secretary-General, in consultation with the
Executive Secretary of the Southern African Development Community, to
continue to intensify contacts aimed at promoting and harmonizing
cooperation between the United Nations and the Community;

      19.   Also requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-second session on the implementation of the
present resolution.

                                                          96th plenary meeting
                                                              20 December 1995


                                     Notes

1/   See A/38/493, annex I.

2/   A/50/664.

3/   Formerly, Southern African Development Coordination Conference.

4/   See S/24635 and Corr.1, annex.

5/   See A/CONF.177/20.

6/   See S/1994/1441.

This document has been posted online by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). Reproduction and dissemination of the document - in electronic and/or printed format - is encouraged, provided acknowledgement is made of the role of the United Nations in making it available.

Date last posted: 15 January 2000 16:15:30
Comments and suggestions: esa@un.org