United Nations

A/RES/50/112


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

16 February 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 96 (a)


               RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

       [on the report of the Second Committee (A/50/618/Add.1)]


               50/112. Elaboration of an international
                       convention to combat desertification in
                       those countries experiencing serious
                       drought and/or desertification,
                       particularly in Africa


     The General Assembly,

     Recalling its resolutions 44/172 of 19 December 1989 and 44/228
of 22 December 1989 and its other relevant resolutions and decisions,
and the recommendations made in Agenda 21,  1/ adopted by the United
Nations Conference on Environment and Development,

     Recalling also its resolution 47/188 of 22 December 1992, by
which it decided to establish the Intergovernmental Negotiating
Committee for the Elaboration of an International Convention to Combat
Desertification in Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or
Desertification, particularly in Africa,

     Recalling further its resolution 49/234 of 23 December 1994, in
which it decided that the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee
should continue to function in order, inter alia, to prepare for the
first session of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention, as
specified in the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification
in Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or
Desertification, particularly in Africa,  2/

     Having considered the reports of the Secretary-General on the
implementation of resolution 49/234  3/ and on possible requirements
for intergovernmental and secretariat work on the implementation of
the Convention and its regional implementation annexes,  4/ and
having also considered Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee
resolution 7/1 of 17 August 1995  5/ on dates and venue of the
sessions of the Committee during the period up to and including the
first session of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention,

     Expressing its concern about the present level of the Special
Voluntary Fund for participation in the negotiation process of
developing countries affected by desertification and drought, in
particular the least developed countries,

     Noting that the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee has
established two working groups in order to be able to discharge its
responsibilities in the preparation for the first session of the
Conference of Parties to the Convention,

     Expressing its concern about the present level of the Trust Fund,
established pursuant to its resolution 47/188, to support the work of
the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee and the interim
secretariat,

     Considering that the Convention is one of the main steps in the
implementation and follow-up to the United Nations Conference on
Environment and Development,

     1.   Welcomes the signing of the United Nations Convention to
Combat Desertification in Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought
and/or Desertification, particularly in Africa, 2/ by a large number
of States and one regional economic integration organization and the
ratification of the Convention by a growing number of States, and
urges States that have not yet signed or ratified the Convention to do
so, so that it may enter into force as soon as possible;

     2.   Decides that the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee for
the Elaboration of an International Convention to Combat
Desertification in Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or
Desertification, particularly in Africa, shall continue to prepare for
the first session of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention
as specified in the Convention;

     3.   Also decides, for this purpose, to convene two sessions of
the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee in 1996, each of up to two
weeks' duration, the eighth session to be held at Geneva from 5 to 16
February and the ninth session in New York from 3 to 13 September;

     4.   Further decides to convene the tenth session of the
Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee, which is to be held in New
York from 6 to 17 January 1997 and, pending the entry into force of
the Convention, to convene, as necessary, a further session of the
Committee in 1997, of up to two weeks' duration, the exact dates and
venue of which shall be determined at a later stage;

     5.   Recommends that, upon the entry into force of the
Convention, a session of the Conference of the Parties to the
Convention be convened in the second and third weeks of June 1997 or,
alternatively, in the second and third weeks of August 1997, the exact
dates and venue of the session to be determined at a later stage;

     6.   Requests all countries, the United Nations system, including
the regional commissions, relevant subregional and regional
organizations, appropriate scientific and business communities, trade
unions, relevant non-governmental organizations and other interested
groups, to take action for the prompt implementation of the Convention
and its relevant regional implementation annexes  6/ upon its entry
into force and in this regard to respond effectively to the needs in
the African, Asian and Latin American and Caribbean regions;

     7.   Urges all countries, the United Nations system, including
the regional commissions, relevant subregional and regional
organizations and all other relevant actors to undertake actions and
measures for the full and effective implementation of the provisions
of Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee resolution 5/1 of 17 June
1994 on urgent action for Africa,  7/ as well as to promote actions
for other affected developing countries and regions, and invites all
States to continue to communicate to the interim secretariat of the
Convention, in addition to the information they have already provided,
information on actions undertaken and/or envisaged for the
implementation of the provisions of resolution 5/1;

     8.   Decides that the work of the Intergovernmental Negotiating
Committee and the interim secretariat shall continue to be funded
through existing United Nations budgetary resources, without
negatively affecting its programmed activities, and through voluntary
contributions to the Trust Fund established pursuant to General
Assembly resolution 47/188 specifically for that purpose and
administered by the head of the interim secretariat under the
authority of the Secretary-General, with the possibility of using the
Fund, as appropriate, to support the participation of representatives
of non-governmental organizations in the work of the Committee and of
carrying over resources contributed from one fiscal year to the other;

     9.   Urges States, regional economic integration organizations
and other interested organizations to reinforce the capacity of the
interim secretariat of the Convention through substantial
contributions to the Trust Fund;

     10.  Renews its appeals to Governments, regional economic
integration organizations and other interested organizations,
including non-governmental organizations, to make early contributions
to the Special Voluntary Fund in order to ensure an enhanced effective
participation in the negotiation process of developing countries
affected by desertification and/or drought, in particular the least
developed countries;

     11.  Notes the arrangements and contributions made by the
Secretary-General and relevant organizations active in the fields of
desertification, drought and development, including the United Nations
Development Programme/Office to Combat Desertification and Drought, 
8/ the United Nations Environment Programme, the Food and Agriculture
Organization of the United Nations, the United Nations Conference on
Trade and Development, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and
Cultural Organization and the World Bank, as regards the
Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee and the interim secretariat in
the conduct of their mandate, and invites them to intensify and expand
such support and collaboration in the future, as appropriate;

     12.  Also notes the arrangements concluded between the interim
secretariat of the Convention and the International Fund for
Agricultural Development and the World Meteorological Organization,
whereby appropriate actions are taken for an active collaboration and
support of activities at the national and regional levels in affected
developing countries, in particular those in Africa, and the least
developed countries;

     13.  Requests the Chairman of the Intergovernmental Negotiating
Committee to submit progress reports on the work of the Committee to
the General Assembly, the Commission on Sustainable Development and
other appropriate bodies of the United Nations;

     14.  Requests the Secretary-General to bring the present
resolution to the attention of all Governments, the relevant
specialized agencies and programmes of the United Nations,
international financial institutions, other intergovernmental and non-
governmental organizations and other relevant institutions;

     15.  Also requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General
Assembly at its fifty-first session a report on the implementation of
the present resolution relative to the United Nations Convention to
Combat Desertification in Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought
and/or Desertification, particularly in Africa, under the item
entitled "Implementation of decisions and recommendations of the
United Nations Conference on Environment and Development".

                                             96th plenary meeting
                                                 20 December 1995


                              Notes

1/   See Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment
and Development, Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992 (A/CONF.151/26/Rev. 1
(Vol. I and Vol. I/Corr.1, Vol. II, Vol. III and Vol. III/Corr.1)
(United Nations publication, Sales No. E.93.I.8 and corrigenda), vol.I:
Resolutions Adopted by the Conference, resolution 1, annex II.

2/   A/49/84/Add.2, annex, appendix II.

3/   A/50/515.

4/   A/50/347.

5/   See A/50/74/Add.1, annex, appendix II.

6/   A/49/84/Add.2, annex, appendix II, annexes I-IV.

7/   See A/49/84/Add.2, annex, appendix III, sect. A.

8/   Formerly, United Nations Sudano-Sahelian Office (UNSO). The
acronym UNSO is retained with the new name.

This document has been posted online by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). Reproduction and dissemination of the document - in electronic and/or printed format - is encouraged, provided acknowledgement is made of the role of the United Nations in making it available.

Date last posted: 15 January 2000 16:15:30
Comments and suggestions: esa@un.org