United Nations

A/RES/50/106


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

9 February 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 95 (h)


              RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

       [on the report of the Second Committee (A/50/617/Add.8)]


                 50/106.   Business and development


     The General Assembly,

     Reaffirming its resolution 48/180 of 21 December 1993,

     Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General concerning
policies and activities related to entrepreneurship, privatization,
demonopolization and administrative deregulation,  1/

     Also taking note of chapter VI of the World Economic and Social
Survey, 1995,  2/

     Further taking note of the report of the Committee on an
International Agreement on Illicit Payments on its first and second
sessions,  3/ the report of the Commission on Transnational
Corporations on efforts by the United Nations to address the issue of
corrupt practices  4/ and work undertaken in other international
forums on the issue of corrupt practices,

     Looking forward to the review by the Economic and Social Council
of the report of the Twelfth Meeting of Experts on the United Nations
Programme in Public Administration and Development,

     Aware of the need to increase private-sector involvement in the
provision of infrastructure services, inter alia, through joint
ventures between public and private entities, particularly in
countries with economies in transition, while protecting essential
services and safeguarding the environment,

     Recognizing the important role of Governments in creating,
through transparent and participatory processes, an enabling
environment supportive of entrepreneurship and facilitative of
privatization, in particular in establishing the judicial, executive
and legislative frameworks necessary for a market-based exchange of
goods and services and for good management,  5/

     Taking note of the World Ministerial Conference on Organized
Transnational Crime (Naples, 21-23 November 1994 and Buenos Aires,
November 1995), and of the Ninth United Nations Congress on the
Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders (Cairo, 29 April-8
May 1995), in particular the consideration by those conferences of the
issue of illicit payments in international business transactions,

     Acknowledging the need for international cooperation to deal with
the problem of illicit payments in international business
transactions, such as in the ongoing work of the United Nations on its
draft international agreement on illicit payments,  6/ so as to
promote accountability and a stable and predictable international
business environment, and acknowledging further that international
efforts in that field require the cooperation of all countries
concerned,

     1.   Values the promotion of entrepreneurship in the development
of small and medium-sized enterprises and industries by various actors
throughout civil society, and of privatization, demonopolization and
the simplification of administrative procedures;

     2.   Invites Member States, requests the Secretary-General and
calls upon and encourages the relevant organs, organizations and
programmes of the United Nations system to continue to foster active
participation in support of entrepreneurship, privatization,
demonopolization and the simplification of administrative procedures,
as described in General Assembly resolution 48/180;

     3.   Also invites Member States, requests the Secretary-General
and calls upon and encourages the relevant organs, organizations and
programmes of the United Nations system, in their respective
activities for the provision of infrastructure services, to encourage
private-sector cost-effective involvement in the efficient
construction, use and maintenance of infrastructure;

     4.   Looks forward to its resumed session in March and April
1996, during which it will examine public administration and
development, and address the issues contained in its agenda, including
the role of public administration in promoting partnership for
development;

     5.   Welcomes the continuation of work on illicit payments in
relevant international forums, including the United Nations, taking
account of progress already achieved on that issue;

     6.   Recommends that the Economic and Social Council, at its
organizational session of 1996, consider the appropriate time-frame
and procedure for the continuation of the work with a view to
completing the draft international agreement on illicit payments,
including consideration of the draft at the substantive session of
1996 of the Council, and recommends that the Council report to the
Assembly at its fifty-first session;

     7.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
second session, under the item "Sustainable development and
international economic cooperation", a sub-item entitled "Business and
development".

                                             96th plenary meeting
                                                 20 December 1995


                              Notes

1/   A/50/417.

2/   United Nations publication, Sales No. E.95.II.C.1.

3/   E/1979/104.

4/   See E/1991/31/Add.1.

5/   See Proceedings of the United Nations Conference on Trade
and Development, Eighth Session, Report and Annexes (TD/364/Rev.1)
(United Nations publication, Sales No. E.93.II.D.5), part one, sect.
A, paras. 27 and 28.

6/   See E/1991/31/Add.1 and E/AC.67/L.3/Add.1.

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