United Nations

A/RES/50/105


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

9 February 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 95 (g)


               RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

        [on the report of the Second Committee (A/50/617/Add.7)]


          50/105.   Developing human resources for development


     The General Assembly,

     Reaffirming its resolutions 48/205 of 21 December 1993, 46/143 of
17 December 1991 and 45/191 of 21 December 1990, as well as its
resolutions S-18/3 of 1 May 1990 and 45/199 of 21 December 1990,

     Reaffirming that people are central to all activities related to
development and that human resources development is an essential means
of achieving sustainable development goals,

     Recognizing that human resources development should contribute to
total human development, which enlarges the choices available to
people in developing their lives and fulfilling their aspirations, and
that there is a need to integrate human resources development into
comprehensive strategies for human development that mainstreams a
gender perspective, taking into account the needs of all people, in
particular the needs of women,

     Stressing that there is need for a supportive and favourable
international economic environment that will enhance human development
in developing countries and promote economic growth and development,

     Recognizing that, while economic reforms and structural
adjustment programmes are intended to promote economic growth and
development, elements of such programmes may have an adverse impact on
human resources development, and also that there is a need to take
action, in the formulation and implementation of these programmes, to
mitigate any negative effects,

     Stressing the need for adequate resources to enhance the capacity
of Governments of developing countries to promote human resources
development in pursuit of their national programmes, plans and
strategies for development,

     Stressing also that Governments of developing countries have the
primary responsibility for defining and implementing appropriate
policies for human resources development,

     Recognizing the vital role that South-South and North-South
cooperation play in supporting national efforts in human resources
development, bilaterally as well as multilaterally,

     Emphasizing the need for coordination and integration among the
organs and organizations of the United Nations system in assisting
developing countries to foster the development of their human
resources, especially that of the most vulnerable, and for the United
Nations to continue to give priority to human resources development in
developing countries,

     Recognizing the importance accorded in the Copenhagen Declaration
on Social Development and in the Programme of Action of the World
Summit for Social Development to the human component of development, 1/

     Recognizing also the importance of the Platform for Action
adopted at the recently concluded Fourth World Conference on Women, 2/ 
held at Beijing from 4 to 15 September 1995,

     1.   Takes note with appreciation of the report of the Secretary-
General on developing human resources for development;  3/

     2.   Emphasizes that, in the development of human resources, an
overall, well-conceived and integrated approach that mainstreams a
gender perspective and takes into account the needs of all people
should be adopted, incorporating such vital areas as population,
health, nutrition, water, sanitation, housing, communications,
education and training, and science and technology, as well as taking
into account the need to create more opportunities for employment in
an environment that guarantees opportunities for political freedom,
popular participation, respect for human rights, justice and equity,
all of which are essential for enhancing human capacity to meet the
challenge of development;

     3.   Encourages all countries to accord priority, in particular
in national budgets, to human resources development in the context of
the adoption of economic and social policies;

     4.   Emphasizes the need to ensure the full participation of
women in the formulation and implementation of national policies to
promote human resources development; 

     5.   Calls upon the international community to support national
efforts to develop human resources for development by increasing the
priority of resources for those activities;

     6.   Calls upon the relevant organs, organizations and bodies of
the United Nations system to ensure the coordination of activities in
support of national and regional action in the area of human resources
development;

     7.   Emphasizes that structural adjustment programmes should
include social development goals, in particular the eradication of
poverty, the promotion of full and productive employment, and the
enhancement of social integration;

     8.   Also emphasizes that Governments and relevant institutions
should ensure, where appropriate, an adequate social safety net under
structural adjustment programmes and should develop policies to reduce
the negative effects of these programmes and to improve their positive
impact, bearing in mind that social safety nets associated with
economic restructuring are short-term by nature and should be
considered as complementary strategies;

     9.   Acknowledges the action taken thus far by the United Nations
system in operational activities in the area of human resources
development, and urges further action in accordance with resolutions
of the General Assembly on human resources for development;

     10.  Notes with serious concern the worrisome trend of a decrease
in overall development assistance, which affects the level of
resources for human resources development, and emphasizes that
financial commitment to human resources development is of critical
importance in contributing to the enhancement of the concept of
people-centred sustainable development;

     11.  Calls for follow-up action to be taken as recommended in the
Programme of Action of the World Summit for Social Development and in
the  Platform for Action adopted at Beijing, in order to ensure the
strengthening of human resources development;

     12.  Requests the Secretary-General to take into account the
outcome of the upcoming United Nations Conference on Human Settlements
(Habitat II) in the context of human resources development;

     13.  Also requests the Secretary-General to continue to monitor
the activities of the United Nations system in human resources
development and to submit to the General Assembly at its fifty-second
session a report on the implementation of the present resolution,
including further action taken by the United Nations system with
regard to human resources development and the enhancement of
inter-agency coordination;

     14.  Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
second session, under the item entitled "Sustainable development and
international economic cooperation", a sub-item entitled "Human
resources development".

                                             96th plenary meeting
                                                 20 December 1995


                              Notes

1/   See A/CONF.166/9, chap. I, resolution 1.

2/   A/CONF.177/20 and Add.1, chap. I, resolution 1, annex II.

3/   A/50/330 and Corr.1.

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