United Nations


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

9 February 1996


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 95 (f)


        [on the report of the Second Committee (A/50/617/Add.6)]

                      50/104.  Women in development

     The General Assembly,

     Recalling its resolutions 40/204 of 17 December 1985, 42/178 of
11 December 1987 and 44/171 of 19 December 1989, as well as all other
relevant Assembly resolutions on the integration of women in
development, and the resolutions adopted by the Commission on the
Status of Women on the integration of women in development,

     Bearing in mind the outcome of the Fourth World Conference on
Women and other recent major United Nations conferences and summits,

     Recognizing the significant contribution that women make to
economic activities and the major force that they represent for change
and development in all sectors of the economy, especially in key
areas, such as agriculture, industry and services,

     Reaffirming that women are key contributors to the economy and to
combating poverty through both remunerated and unremunerated work at
home, in the community and in the workplace, and that the empowerment
of women is a critical factor in the eradication of poverty,

     Recognizing that the difficult socio-economic conditions that
exist in many developing countries have resulted in the rapid
feminization of poverty, especially in rural areas and in female-
headed households,

     Aware that the continued discrimination against women, their
continued lack of equal access to education and training, and their
lack of control over land, capital, technology and other areas of
production impede their full contribution to, and opportunity to
benefit from, development,

     Recognizing that the informal sector is a major source of
entrepreneurship and employment for women in many developing

     Noting the importance of the organizations and bodies of the
United Nations system in facilitating the advancement of women in

     1.   Welcomes the adoption of the Beijing Declaration  1/ and
Platform for Action  2/ by the Fourth World Conference on Women;

     2.   Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General on the
effective mobilization and integration of women in development;  3/

     3.   Calls for the urgent implementation of the Platform for
Action adopted at Beijing as well as the relevant provisions contained
in the outcome of all other major United Nations conferences and

     4.   Stresses that a favourable and conducive international and
national economic and financial environment and a positive investment
climate are necessary for the effective integration of women in

     5.   Also stresses the importance of developing national
strategies for promoting sustainable and productive entrepreneurial
activities to generate income among disadvantaged women and women
living in poverty;

     6.   Calls upon all Governments and all actors of society to
implement the commitment made in Beijing to create an enabling
environment through, inter alia, removing discriminatory barriers and
ensuring the full and equal participation of women in economic
activities through, inter alia, the adoption of gender-sensitive
policies and legal measures and the provision of other necessary

     7.   Urges all Governments to ensure women's equal rights and
access to economic resources, and to increase women's access to credit
by instituting innovative lending practices, including practices that
integrate credit with services and training for women, and that
provide flexible credit facilities to women, in particular rural
women, women in the informal sector, young women and women who lack
access to traditional sources of collateral;

     8.   Urges Governments to develop and promote methodologies for
incorporating a gender perspective into all aspects of policy-making,
including economic policy-making;

     9.   Calls upon the United Nations system, in particular its
funds and programmes and specialized agencies, and all other relevant
organizations to promote an active and visible policy of mainstreaming
gender perspective in the implementation, monitoring and evaluation of
all policies and programmes;

     10.  Urges the international community, the United Nations system
and other relevant organizations to give priority to assisting
developing countries' efforts to ensure the full and effective
participation of women in deciding and implementing development
strategies, including through increased access to health care,
capital, education, training and technology, as well as by women's
wider participation in decision-making;

     11.  Urges multilateral donors, international financial
institutions and regional development banks to review and implement
policies in support of national efforts to ensure that a higher
proportion of resources reach women, in particular in rural and remote

     12.  Requests the United Nations development system to work
towards establishing a more coherent approach to its support for
women's income-generating activities, in particular credit schemes;

     13.  Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
second session a sub-item entitled "Effective mobilization and
integration of women in development";

     14.  Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General
Assembly at its fifty-second session a report on action taken to
implement the present resolution.

                                             96th plenary meeting
                                                 20 December 1995


1/   A/CONF.177/20, chap. I, resolution 1, annex I.

2/   Ibid., annex II.

3/   A/50/399.

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