United Nations

A/RES/50/101


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

9 February 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


Fiftieth session
Agenda item 95 (d)


              RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

      [on the report of the Second Committee (A/50/617/Add.4)]


           50/101.   Science and technology for development


     The General Assembly,

     Reaffirming the continuing validity of the Vienna Programme of
Action on Science and Technology for Development,  1/ and recalling
the relevant paragraphs of the Declaration on International Economic
Cooperation, in particular the Revitalization of Economic Growth and
Development of the Developing Countries,  2/ the International
Development Strategy for the Fourth United Nations Development Decade, 3/ 
the Cartagena Commitment,  4/ adopted by the United Nations
Conference on Trade and Development at its eighth session, the
relevant recommendations and decisions adopted by the United Nations
Conference on Environment and Development, particularly those
contained in Agenda 21,  5/ and the relevant resolutions and
decisions adopted by organizations and bodies of the United Nations
system concerning science and technology for development,

     Bearing in mind the vital contribution of science and technology,
including new and emerging technologies, to the promotion of economic
growth and development, particularly in developing countries, and
stressing the importance of monitoring new developments in science and
technology and their implications for society, on production,
employment and international competitiveness, especially for
developing countries,

     Recognizing the importance for developing countries of having
access to science and technology so as to enhance their productivity
and competitiveness in the world market, and stressing the need to
promote, facilitate and finance, as appropriate, access to and
transfer of environmentally sound technologies and the corresponding
know-how, in particular to the developing countries, on favourable
terms, including on concessional and preferential terms as mutually
agreed, taking into account the need to protect intellectual property
rights as well as the special needs of developing countries,

     Stressing the primary responsibility of all countries for their
own science and technology policies, and the need to further promote
endogenous capacity-building in science and technology in developing
countries so as to enable them to participate in, benefit from and
contribute to the rapid advances in science and technology,

     Recognizing that information technologies are important
requisites for planning, development and decision-making in science
and technology, and recognizing also their far-reaching implications
for society,

     Recognizing the importance of developing countries' own efforts
in the field of science and technology for development,

     Reaffirming that the United Nations should play an important role
in the promotion of cooperation in science and technology, and in the
enhancement of support and assistance to developing countries in their
efforts to achieve the objectives set forth by the United Nations
Conference on Environment and Development in this regard,

     Recognizing the work of the Commission on Science and Technology
for Development in promoting the developing countries' endogenous
capacity in science and technology, and recognizing its unique
function as a global forum for the examination of science and
technology questions, for the improvement of the understanding of
science and technology policies for development and for the
formulation of recommendations and guidelines on science and
technology matters within the United Nations system, all in relation
to development,

     Recognizing the role of the United Nations Conference on Trade
and Development in science and technology for development, as
reaffirmed in General Assembly resolution 48/179 of 21 December 1993,

     Recognizing the need for adequate resources to be devoted to
fostering science and technology for development,

     Recognizing the special needs and requirements of developing
countries, in particular the least developed countries, especially
those in Africa,

     Also recognizing the relevant problems of countries with
economies in transition in the sphere of the transformation and
development of their scientific and technological potentials,

     Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General  6/ on the
implementation of programme 17, science and technology for
development, of the medium-term plan for the period 1992-1997,

     1.   Reaffirms the relevant resolutions and decisions adopted by
the Economic and Social Council at its substantive session of 1995 on
the basis of the report of the Commission on Science and Technology
for Development on its second session;  7/

     2.   Reaffirms that capacity-building in science and technology
in developing countries should remain a priority issue in the United
Nations agenda, and urges that international cooperation efforts be
intensified and strengthened towards developing countries' endogenous
capacity-building in science and technology, including their capacity
to utilize scientific and technological developments from abroad and
to adapt them to suit local conditions;

     3.   Calls upon the international community to meet all the
objectives as reaffirmed in chapter 34 of Agenda 21, 5/ in particular
those dealing with effective access to and transfer of environmentally
sound technologies, including new and emerging technologies and
publicly owned technologies, to developing countries on favourable
terms, including on concessional and preferential terms, as mutually
agreed, taking into account the need to protect intellectual property
rights as well as the special needs of developing countries, so as to
contribute to enabling those developing countries to meet their
development-related challenges;

     4.   Stresses that it is important for developing countries to
adopt and implement their own science and technology policies that
support the national effort to achieve sustained economic growth and
sustainable development in the light of their respective national
conditions, needs, priorities and objectives;

     5.   Stresses the need to strengthen the important role of the
United Nations in the field of science and technology, particularly
through effective policy guidance and better coordination, including
in international cooperation in technology assessment, monitoring and
forecasting;

     6.   Recognizes the role of the private sector in science and
technology for development, in particular in the transfer and
development of science and technology capabilities;

     7.   Also recognizes the role of Governments in science and
technology for development, in particular in providing appropriate
regulatory frameworks and incentives for the development of science
and technology capabilities;

     8.   Requests the relevant organizations, funds and programmes of
the United Nations, in the spirit of coordination that should prevail
in the activities of the United Nations system in the field of science
and technology for development, to work in a coordinated manner to
develop a catalogue of proved technologies that will enable developing
countries to make effective choices from among state-of-the-art
technologies;

     9.   Calls upon the Commission on Science and Technology for
Development and the Commission on Sustainable Development to interact
more effectively, through the Economic and Social Council, in carrying
out their respective mandates;

     10.  Calls upon the supporting secretariats of the Commission on
Science and Technology for Development and the Commission on
Sustainable Development to improve their interaction;

     11.  Takes note of the developments at the Consultative Meeting
on a Coalition of Resources for Science and Technology for Development
and the recommendation of the Economic and Social Council that the
Commission on Science and Technology for Development provide a forum
for exchanging views and interaction among partners of different
networks and coordination schemes;

     12.  Reaffirms the need for adequate financial resources on a
continuous and assured basis to foster science and technology for
development, in particular to promote endogenous capacity-building in
developing countries in accordance with their priorities;

     13.  Notes with appreciation the measures taken by the Secretary-
General in response to paragraph 6 of General Assembly resolution
48/179 and invites him to continue to take all necessary measures,
including to explore the possibility of organizing a more effective
coalition of resources within the United Nations development system,
multilateral financial institutions, regional development banks and
bilateral funding agencies to ensure the full implementation of
programme 17, science and technology for development, of the medium-
term plan for the period 1992-1997 and the activities planned for
1996-1997 in the field of science and technology for development, in
accordance with specific mandates provided for in the relevant
Assembly resolutions;

     14.  Takes note that enhanced cooperation could help focus the
activities of the United Nations system in the field of science and
technology for development for greater impact;

     15.  Recognizes the importance of cooperation among developing
countries in the field of science and technology, building on their
complementarities, and the need for further advancing such cooperation
through the establishment and/or the strengthening of national
technology and information centres in developing countries and their
networking on regional, subregional, interregional and global levels
to promote technology research, training and dissemination as well as
joint projects in developing countries, and urges the organizations
and bodies of the United Nations system and other relevant
international, regional and subregional organizations and programmes
to provide continued and enhanced support, through technical
assistance and financing for such efforts;

     16.  Requests the relevant organizations, funds and programmes of
the United Nations system to continue to promote the development of
effective and mutually beneficial technological cooperation between
countries with economies in transition and all other countries,
including in the area of new and emerging technologies;

     17.  Notes the endorsement by the Economic and Social Council of
the decision of the Commission on Science and Technology for
Development to select information technologies as the main substantive
theme of its work during the inter-sessional period 1995-1997 and to
set up panels and/or working groups to analyse, elaborate and make
recommendations on issues pertaining to information technologies and
their implications for development;

     18.  Takes note of the decision of the Economic and Social
Council to invite the Commission on Science and Technology for
Development to consider ways and means for the formulation of a common
vision regarding the future contribution of science and technology for
development, taking advantage of the twentieth anniversary of the
United Nations Conference on Science and Technology for Development,
held at Vienna in 1979;

     19.  Stresses the potentially important role that the United
Nations Fund for Science and Technology for Development should play in
enhancing endogenous capacity-building in science and technology in
developing countries, and calls on all countries in a position to do
so to contribute generously to the Fund;

     20.  Reaffirms the need for Governments and regional and
international bodies to take measures to ensure that women have equal
access to and equal opportunity to participate in scientific and
technological areas, especially in areas where they are not
represented or are underrepresented;

     21.  Requests the Secretary-General to submit a report to the
General Assembly at its fifty-second session on progress in the
implementation of the present resolution.

                                             96th plenary meeting
                                                 20 December 1995


                              Notes

1/   Report of the United Nations Conference on Science and
Technology for Development, Vienna, 20-31 August 1979 (United Nations
publication, Sales No. E.79.I.21 and corrigenda), chap. VII.

2/   Resolution S-18/3, annex.

3/   Resolution 45/199, annex.

4/   See Proceedings of the United Nations Conference on Trade
and Development, Eighth Session, Report and Annexes (TD/364/Rev.1)
(United Nations publication, Sales No. E.93.II.D.5), part one, sect. A.

5/   See Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment
and Development, Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992 (A/CONF.151/26/Rev.1
(Vol. I and Vol. I/Corr.1, Vol. II, Vol. III and Vol. III/Corr.1))
(United Nations publication, Sales No. E.93.I.8 and corrigenda), vol. I:
Resolutions Adopted by the Conference, resolution 1, annex II.

6/   A/50/649.

7/   Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1995,
Supplement No. 11 (E/1995/31).

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