United Nations


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

23 December 1994


                                                 94th plenary meeting
                                                 23 December 1994
             49/185. Human rights and terrorism
       The General Assembly,
       Guided by the principles embodied in the Charter of the United Nations,
the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenants on
Human Rights,
       Bearing in mind that the most essential and basic human right is the
right to life,
       Recalling the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, adopted by
the World Conference on Human Rights on 25 June 1993,
       Recalling also its resolution 48/122 of 20 December 1993,
       Taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution 1994/46 of 4 March
1994  and resolution 1994/18 of 25 August 1994 of the Subcommission on
Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities,
       Reiterating that all Member States have an obligation to promote and
protect human rights and fundamental freedoms, and also that every individual
should strive to secure their universal and effective recognition and
       Seriously concerned at the gross violations of human rights perpetrated
by terrorist groups,
       Profoundly deploring the increasing number of innocent persons,
including women, children and the elderly, killed, massacred and maimed by
terrorists in indiscriminate and random acts of violence and terror, which
cannot be justified under any circumstances,
       Noting with great concern the growing connection between the terrorist
groups and the illegal traffic in arms and drugs, as well as the consequent
commission of serious crimes such as murder, kidnapping, assault and robbery,
       Mindful of the need to protect human rights of and guarantees for the
individual in accordance with the relevant international human rights
principles and instruments, particularly the right to life,
       1.    Reiterates its unequivocal condemnation of all acts, methods and
practices of terrorism, as activities aimed at the destruction of human
rights, fundamental freedoms and democracy, threatening the territorial
integrity and security of States, destabilizing legitimately constituted
Governments, undermining pluralistic civil society and having adverse
consequences on the economic and social development of States;
       2.    Expresses its solidarity with the victims of terrorism;
       3.    Calls upon States to take all necessary and effective measures in
accordance with international standards of human rights, to prevent, combat
and eliminate all acts of terrorism wherever and by whomever committed, and
urges the international community to enhance cooperation in the fight against
the threat of terrorism at national, regional and international levels;
       4.    Requests the Secretary-General to seek the views of Member States
on the possible establishment of a United Nations voluntary fund for victims
of terrorism and to submit to the General Assembly at its fiftieth session,
for its consideration, a report containing comments made by Member States on
the subject;
       5.    Also requests the Secretary-General to transmit the text of the
present resolution to all Member States and to competent specialized agencies
and intergovernmental organizations for their consideration;
       6.    Encourages special rapporteurs, special representatives and
working groups of the Commission on Human Rights, as well as treaty bodies, to
pay appropriate attention, within their mandates, to the consequences of the
acts, methods and practices of terrorist groups;
       7.    Decides to consider this question at its fiftieth session under
the item entitled "Human rights questions".