United Nations

A/RES/49/128


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

19 December 1994

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



                                                 A/RES/49/128
                                                 92nd plenary meeting
                                                 19 December 1994
 
            49/128. Report of the International Conference on Population and
                    Development
 
      The General Assembly,
 
      Recalling its resolutions 47/176 of 22 December 1992 and 48/186 of 21
December 1993 on the International Conference on Population and Development,
and 48/162 of 20 December 1993 on the restructuring and revitalization of the
United Nations in the economic, social and related fields,
 
      Recalling also Economic and Social Council resolutions 1989/91 of 26
July 1989, 1991/93 of 26 July 1991, 1992/37 of 30 July 1992, 1993/4 of 12
February 1993 and 1993/76 of 30 July 1993, in which the Council decided on the
convening, mandate and preparatory process of the International Conference on
Population and Development,
 
      Recalling further Economic and Social Council decision 1994/227 of 14
July 1994, by which the Council approved the provisional agenda and
documentation for the twenty-eighth session of the Population Commission,
including discussion of the implications of the recommendations of the
International Conference on Population and Development,
 
      Recalling Economic and Social Council resolutions 3 (III) of 3 October
1946, 150 (VII) of 10 August 1948 and 1985/4 of 28 May 1985 on the mandate of
the Population Commission, as well as 1763 (LIV) of 18 May 1973 and 1986/7 of
21 May 1986 on the aims and purposes of the United Nations Population Fund,
 
      Having considered the report of the International Conference on
Population and Development, held at Cairo, from 5 to 13 September 1994,
 
      Reaffirming the importance of the outcome of the World Population
Conference, held at Bucharest in 1974, and the International Conference on
Population, held at Mexico City in 1984, and acknowledging fully the
integrated approach taken during the International Conference on Population
and Development, which recognizes the interrelationship among population,
sustained economic growth and sustainable development,
 
      Recognizing that the implementation of the recommendations contained in
the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and
Development is the sovereign right of every country, in accordance with its
national laws and development priorities, with full respect for the various
religious and ethical values and cultural backgrounds of its peoples and in
conformity with universally recognized international human rights,
 
      Expressing its belief in the contribution that the outcome of the
International Conference on Population and Development will make to the
forthcoming World Summit for Social Development, the Fourth World Conference
on Women and the second United Nations Conference on Human Settlements
(Habitat II), in particular with regard to the call for a greater investment
in people and for the empowerment of women to ensure their full participation
at all levels in the social, economic and political lives of their
communities,
 
      Expressing its satisfaction at the fact that the International
Conference on Population and Development and its preparatory process enabled
the full and active involvement of States Members of the United Nations and
the specialized agencies, of observers and various intergovernmental
organizations and of representatives of non-governmental organizations
representing all regions of the world,
 
      Expressing its profound gratitude to the Government and people of Egypt
for the hospitality extended to the participants at the Conference and for the
facilities, staff and services placed at their disposal,
 
      1.    Takes note with satisfaction of the report of the International
Conference on Population and Development;
 
      2.    Endorses the Programme of Action of the International Conference
on Population and Development adopted on 13 September 1994;
 
      3.    Acknowledges the contribution made by the Secretary-General of the
United Nations and the Secretary-General of the Conference to the successful
organization of the Conference;
 
      4.    Affirms that, in the implementation of the Programme of Action,
Governments should commit themselves at the highest political level to
achieving its goals and objectives, which reflect a new, integrated approach
to population and development, and take a lead role in coordinating the
implementation, monitoring and evaluation of follow-up actions;
 
      5.    Calls upon all Governments, organizations of the United Nations
system and other major groups concerned with population and development
issues, including intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations,
parliamentarians and other community leaders, to give the widest possible
dissemination to the Programme of Action and to seek public support for its
goals, objectives and actions;
 
      6.    Fully acknowledges that the factors of population, health,
education, poverty, patterns of production and consumption, empowerment of
women and the environment are closely interconnected and should be considered
through an integrated approach, and that the follow-up to the Conference must
reflect this fact;
 
      7.    Urges all countries to consider their current spending priorities
with a view to making additional contributions for the implementation of the
Programme of Action, taking into account the provisions of chapters XIII and
XIV thereof and the economic constraints faced by developing countries, in
particular the least developed among them;
 
      8.    Acknowledges the importance of the subregional and regional
activities undertaken during the preparations for the Conference, including
the regional strategies, plans and declarations adopted as part of that
process, and invites the regional commissions, other regional and subregional
organizations and the development banks to examine the results of the
Conference within their respective mandates, for the follow-up and
implementation of the Programme of Action at the regional level;
 
      9.    Emphasizes that international cooperation in the field of
population and development is essential for the implementation of the
recommendations adopted at the Conference, and in this context calls upon the
international community to provide, both bilaterally and multilaterally,
adequate and substantial support and assistance for population and development
activities, including through the United Nations Population Fund and other
organs and organizations of the United Nations system and the specialized
agencies that will be involved in the implementation, at all levels, of the
Programme of Action;
 
      10.   Calls upon the organs and organizations of the United Nations
system and the specialized agencies to undertake the actions required to give
full and effective support to the implementation of the Programme of Action;
 
      11.   Emphasizes the need to maintain and enhance effective partnership
with non-governmental groups and organizations so as to ensure their continued
contributions and cooperation within all aspects of population and
development, and urges all countries to establish appropriate national
follow-up mechanisms, in partnership with non-governmental organizations,
community groups and representatives of the media and the academic community,
and to seek the support of parliamentarians, so as to ensure the full
implementation of the Programme of Action;
 
      12.   Recognizes the importance of South-South cooperation in the
implementation of the Programme of Action;
 
      13.   Also recognizes that the effective implementation of the Programme
of Action will require an increased commitment of financial resources, both
domestically and externally, and in this context calls upon the developed
countries to complement the national financial efforts of developing countries
on population and development and intensify their efforts to transfer new and
additional resources to the developing countries, in accordance with the
relevant provisions of the Programme of Action, in order to ensure that
population and development objectives and goals are met;
 
      14.   Acknowledges that countries with economies in transition should
receive temporary assistance for population and development activities in view
of the difficult economic and social problems faced by these countries at
present, and therefore suggests that the specialized agencies and all related
organizations of the United Nations system should adjust, on this basis, their
programmes and activities in line with the Programme of Action and take
appropriate measures to ensure its full and effective implementation;
 
      15.   Emphasizes the importance of the early identification and
allocation of financial resources by all members of the international
community, including regional financial institutions, to enable them to fulfil
their commitments with regard to the implementation of the Programme of
Action;
 
      16.   Requests the Secretary-General to consult with the various bodies
of the United Nations system, as well as with international financial
institutions and various bilateral aid organizations and agencies, with a view
to promoting an exchange of information among them on the requirements for
international assistance, reviewing on a regular basis the specific needs of
countries in the field of population and development and maximizing the
availability of resources and their most effective utilization;
 
      17.   Invites the Secretary-General to ensure that adequate resources
are provided for the Conference follow-up activities to be carried out by the
Secretariat during 1995;
 
      18.   Requests the Secretary-General to prepare periodic reports for the
substantive sessions of the Economic and Social Council on the flow of
financial resources for assisting in the implementation of the Programme of
Action and to promote the exchange of information on the requirements for
international assistance among the members of the donor community;
 
      19.   Urges the international community to promote a supportive
international economic environment by adopting favourable macroeconomic
policies for promoting sustained economic growth and sustainable development;
 
      20.   Stresses the importance of continued and enhanced cooperation and
coordination by all relevant organs, organizations and programmes of the
United Nations system and the specialized agencies in the implementation of
the Programme of Action;
 
      21.   Emphasizes the need for follow-up activities relating to the
Conference and the Programme of Action so as to utilize, to the fullest extent
possible, existing capacity within the United Nations system in the area of
population and development, including the Population Commission, the
Population Division of the Department for Economic and Social Information and
Policy Analysis of the Secretariat and the United Nations Population Fund, as
well as other organizations, programmes and funds of the United Nations and
the specialized agencies whose support and commitment are required for the
successful implementation of the full range of activities outlined in the
Programme of Action;
 
      22.   Requests the specialized agencies and all related organizations of
the United Nations system to review and, where necessary, adjust their
programmes and activities in line with the Programme of Action and take
appropriate measures to ensure its full and effective implementation, taking
into account the specific needs of developing countries, and invites them to
report to the Economic and Social Council at its substantive session of 1995
for coordination purposes and to the General Assembly at its fiftieth session
for policy implications;
 
      23.   Decides that the General Assembly, through its role in policy
formulation, the Economic and Social Council, through its role in overall
guidance and coordination, in accordance with Assembly resolution 48/162, and
a revitalized Population Commission shall constitute a three-tiered
intergovernmental mechanism that will play the primary role in the follow-up
to the implementation of the Programme of Action, keeping in mind the need to
develop a common framework for a coherent follow-up to United Nations summits
and conferences, and to this end:
 
      (a)   The General Assembly, being the highest intergovernmental
mechanism for the formulation and appraisal of policy on matters relating to
the follow-up to the International Conference on Population and Development,
will organize a regular review of the implementation of the Programme of
Action;
 
      (b)   The Economic and Social Council, in assisting the General
Assembly, will promote an integrated approach, provide system-wide
coordination and guidance in the monitoring of the implementation of the
Programme of Action and make recommendations thereon;
 
      (c)   The revitalized Population Commission, as a functional commission
assisting the Economic and Social Council, will monitor, review and assess the
implementation of the Programme of Action at the national, regional and
international levels and advise the Council thereon;
 
      24.   Also decides that, to emphasize the new and comprehensive approach
to population and development embodied in the Programme of Action, the
revitalized Population Commission shall be renamed the Commission on
Population and Development;
 
      25.   Further decides that the Commission on Population and Development
shall meet on an annual basis, beginning in 1996;
 
      26.   Recommends that the Economic and Social Council review, at its
substantive session of 1995, the Commission's terms of reference and mandate
so as to bring them fully into line with the provisions of paragraph 23 (c)
above;
 
      27.   Also recommends that the Economic and Social Council, pursuant to
the decisions made on the terms of reference and enhanced mandate of the
revitalized Commission, should consider at its substantive session of 1995 the
composition of the Commission, in order to ensure that the Commission fully
fulfils its functions as provided in paragraph 23, taking into account the
integrated multidisciplinary and comprehensive approach of the Programme of
Action as well as the membership of the other functional commissions of the
Council; 
 
      28.   Requests the Economic and Social Council, at its substantive
session of 1995, to consider:
 
      (a)   The establishment of a separate executive board of the United
Nations Population Fund;
 
      (b)   The submission of recommendations to the Secretary-General
concerning secretariat support and coordination arrangements for the United
Nations system;
 
      (c)   The submission of recommendations to the Secretary-General
regarding the establishment of an appropriate inter-agency coordination,
collaboration and harmonization mechanism for the implementation of the
Programme of Action;
 
      29.   Also requests the Economic and Social Council, at its substantive
session of 1995, to review the reporting procedures within the United Nations
system regarding population and development issues, including a quinquennial
review and appraisal of the progress made in achieving the goals and
objectives of the Programme of Action, in order to ensure full support for its
implementation, bearing in mind the reporting procedures for all United
Nations conferences in the economic and social field;
 
      30.   Requests the Secretary-General, in consultation with States, to
prepare a report on institutional follow-up issues and reporting procedures in
the United Nations system, to be submitted to the Economic and Social Council
at its substantive session of 1995;
 
      31.   Requests the Economic and Social Council:
 
      (a)   To discuss the relevant matters concerning the implementation of
population and development programmes, as well as matters concerning
harmonization, cooperation and collaboration within the United Nations system
regarding the implementation of the Programme of Action;
 
      (b)   To discuss the reports submitted by the different bodies and
organs on various matters related to the Programme of Action;
 
      32.   Invites the governing body of the United Nations Population Fund
to oversee, on a regular basis, the response of the Fund to the needs of
countries regarding activities to strengthen national population and
development programmes, including the specific requests from developing
countries for assistance in the preparation of national reports, within its
area of competence, and to report to the Economic and Social Council on this
matter;
 
      33.   Calls upon the programmes of the United Nations system and the
regional commissions and funds to provide their full and active support to the
implementation of the Programme of Action, particularly at the field level,
through the United Nations resident coordinator system, and invites the
relevant specialized agencies to do the same;
 
      34.   Requests the Commission on Population and Development, at its
twenty-eighth session, to review, within its area of competence, the Programme
of Action and its implications and to transmit its views to the Economic and
Social Council at its substantive session of 1995;
 
      35.   Requests the Secretary-General to report, through the Economic and
Social Council, to the General Assembly at its fiftieth session on the
implementation of the present resolution;
 
      36.   Decides to include in the agenda of its forthcoming sessions,
within existing clusters, an item entitled "Implementation of the Programme of
Action of the International Conference on Population and Development".