United Nations

A/RES/49/43


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

9 December 1994

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



                                              A/RES/49/43
                                              83rd plenary meeting
                                              9 December 1994
 
            49/43. The situation in the occupied territories of Croatia
 
      The General Assembly,
 
      Reaffirming the relevant principles of the Charter of the United Nations
and, in particular, the principle of inadmissibility of the acquisition of
territory through the use of force,
 
      Stressing the importance of efforts to restore peace in the entire
territory of the Republic of Croatia as well as to preserve its territorial
integrity within the internationally recognized borders, and emphasizing in
this regard that the territories comprising the United Nations Protected Areas
are integral parts of the territory of the Republic of Croatia,
 
      Alarmed and concerned by the fact that the ongoing situation in the
Serbian-controlled parts of Croatia is de facto allowing and promoting a state
of occupation of parts of the sovereign Croatian territory, and thus seriously
jeopardizing the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Republic of
Croatia, 
 
      Rejecting the odious policies and practices of ethnic cleansing and
their consequences, and all other violations of international humanitarian
law,
 
      Emphasizing that the Serbian-controlled territories of Croatia must be
peacefully reintegrated into the rest of the country, under the close
supervision of the international community,
 
      Stressing the importance of the mutual recognition of the international
borders by all States in the region of the former Yugoslavia, and recalling
all relevant Security Council resolutions on this matter,
 
      1.    Expresses its commitment to ensure respect for the sovereignty and
territorial integrity of the Republic of Croatia;
 
      2.    Calls upon all parties and, in particular, the Federal Republic of
Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), to comply fully with all Security Council
resolutions regarding the situation in Croatia, and to respect strictly its
territorial integrity, and in this regard concludes that their activities
aimed at achieving the integration of the occupied territories of Croatia into
the administrative, military, educational, transportation and communication
systems of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) are
illegal, null and void, and must cease immediately;
 
      3.    Requests the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and
Montenegro) to cease immediately any military and logistic support to the
self-proclaimed authorities in the Serbian-controlled parts of Croatia;
 
      4.    Strongly condemns the Serbian self-proclaimed authorities in the
Serbian-controlled territories of Croatia for their militant actions that have
resulted in ethnic cleansing of the United Nations Protected Areas, and for
their constant refusal to comply with the relevant Security Council
resolutions;
 
      5.    Reaffirms its support for the principle that all statements or
commitments in the Serbian-controlled parts of Croatia made under duress,
particularly those regarding land and property, are wholly null and void;
 
      6.    Reaffirms the right of all refugees and displaced persons from the
area of the former Yugoslavia to return voluntarily to their homes safely and
with dignity, with the assistance of the international community, and in this
regard notes that the 1991 census is the basis for defining the population
structure of the Republic of Croatia;
 
      7.    Urges the restoration of the authority of the Republic of Croatia
in its entire territory and urges also the utmost respect for human and
minority rights in the territory of Croatia, including the right to autonomy
in accordance with the Constitution of the Republic of Croatia and established
international standards, and for efforts to achieve a political solution
within the framework of the International Conference on the Former Yugoslavia;
 
      8.    Calls for mutual recognition between the Republic of Croatia and
the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) within their
existing internationally recognized borders;
 
      9.    Commends the persistent efforts of the United Nations Protection
Force in performing its duties in the territory of the Republic of Croatia,
and in this regard emphasizes the importance of its role for the overall peace
process and for the success of the peaceful reintegration of Serbian-
controlled territories of Croatia;
 
      10.   Also calls for full respect of the cease-fire agreements in the
territory of Croatia, and urges the resumption of direct negotiations in close
cooperation with the International Conference on the Former Yugoslavia;
 
      11.   Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General Assembly
at its fiftieth session a comprehensive report on the implementation of the
present resolution.