United Nations

A/RES/49/7


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

25 October 1994

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



                                             A/RES/49/7
                                             43rd plenary meeting
                                             25 October 1994
 
          49/7. Regional conference on assistance to refugees, returneesand
                displaced persons in the Great Lakes region
 
     The General Assembly,
 
     Having again considered the item entitled "The situation in Burundi",
 
     Recalling its resolution 48/17 of 3 November 1993 concerning the
situation in Burundi,
 
     Recalling also the measures taken by the Security Council, in particular
the dispatch of a mission to Burundi, and the statements of the President of
the Council of 25 October and 16 November 1993, and 29 July, 25 August and 21
October 1994,
 
     Noting the effective action taken by the Secretary-General and his
Special Representative for Burundi,
 
     Noting also the important role played by the Secretary-General of the
Organization of African Unity and his Special Representative for Burundi,
 
     Welcoming the deployment in Burundi of an international observer mission
under the procedures of the Organization of African Unity for the prevention,
management and settlement of conflicts in Africa,
 
     Noting with satisfaction that Burundi's registered political parties have
resolved to have recourse to dialogue and negotiation in the search for
lasting solutions to the institutional problems, based on equity, justice and
law and an unshakable will to live in peace,
 
     Also noting with satisfaction the signing, on 10 September 1994 at
Bujumbura, of the agreement embodying a Convention on Governance between the
forces for democratic change (presidential majority) and the opposition
political parties,
 
     Profoundly concerned about the large-scale and uncontrolled population
movements, including armed groups which constitute a serious threat to the
peace and security of the whole subregion,
 
     In pursuance of resolution 48/118 of 20 December 1993, which advocates
assistance to refugees, returnees and displaced persons in Africa,
 
     Concerned about the continuing violence and violations of human rights in
the country,
 
     Welcoming in this connection the action of the United Nations High
Commissioner for Human Rights and of the office which he has established in
Burundi, 
 
     Taking duly into account resolution CM/Res.1527 (LX) on the holding of a
regional conference on assistance to refugees, returnees and displaced persons
in the Great Lakes region, adopted by the Council of Ministers of the
Organization of African Unity at its sixtieth regular session, held at Tunis
from 6 to 11 June 1994, and endorsed by the heads of State and Government of
the Organization of African Unity,
 
     Gratified by the generous offer made to the Organization of African Unity
by the Government of Burundi to host this regional conference in order to
study all the aspects of this problem which is disrupting the plans and
programmes for political stabilization of the Great Lakes region,
 
     Gratified also by the dispatch by the Secretary-General of a mission to
the region headed by Ambassador Dillon, which aims to facilitate the
preparation and holding of an international conference on the subregion's
problems, and welcoming the support given to this initiative by the Security
Council in the statement of its President of 21 October 1994,
 
     Convinced that an agreed solution to the problems would help to ward off
the spectre of the conflicts which have afflicted the region in general and
Burundi in particular and would be an important step for peace, freedom,
development and democracy,
 
     1.   Expresses profound satisfaction to the Government and people of
Burundi for their commitment to national reconciliation, and invites the
parties concerned to continue their efforts to re-establish peace and
democracy in the country;
 
     2.   Congratulates the political leaders of Burundi on the happy
conclusion of the negotiations on the re-establishment of the normal
functioning of institutions, and urges all the parties to comply scrupulously
with the provisions of the Convention of Governance signed on 10 September
1994 and its subsequent additional protocols;
 
     3.   Encourages the new coalition Government of Burundi to continue
relentlessly to fight against warmongers and to disarm the people's militias
and other extremist groups which are threatening the country's security;
 
     4.   Requests Member States, the bodies of the United Nations system and
intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations to provide Burundians
with:
 
     (a)  Assistance in the reconstruction of the country and emergency
assistance for its social and economic recovery, the revitalization of the
economy and the resumption of development;
 
     (b)  Support for the national programmes to restore confidence among the
various elements of the Burundian people, especially by deploying civilian
human rights observers to back up the local administration;
 
     (c)  Appropriate financial and technical assistance to strengthen the
capacity of the country's judicial system in order to break the cycle of
impunity and enable the Burundian authorities to bring to justice the
perpetrators of the attempted coup d'etat of October 1993 and of the
subsequent ethnic massacres;
 
     (d)  Assistance in the dismantling of the secret pirate radio station
"Rutomorangingo", which is inciting ethnic hatred and violence, and of any
other instrument of propaganda which is undermining the patient efforts to
achieve national reconciliation;
 
     5.   Endorses fully the wish of the heads of State and Government of
African countries to convene a regional conference for assistance to refugees,
returnees and displaced persons in the Great Lakes region;
 
     6.   Invites the competent bodies of the United Nations system to take
part in the implementation of such an initiative;
 
     7.   Requests Member States to furnish generous assistance for the
implementation of the initiative;
 
     8.   Expresses appreciation to all the States, United Nations bodies and
intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations which have provided
emergency humanitarian assistance to Burundi since the beginning of the crisis
and invites them to redouble their efforts during the forthcoming phase of
reconstruction and economic recovery;
 
     9.   Invites the international community to become fully involved by
providing substantial technical and financial support for the early
implementation of the plan of action which will be produced by a regional
conference;
 
     10.  Encourages the Secretary-General of the United Nations and the
Secretary- General of the Organization of African Unity to continue their
efforts to normalize the situation in Burundi, which remains precarious and
worrisome;
 
     11.  Requests the Secretary-General of the United Nations, in close
collaboration with the Secretary-General of the Organization of African Unity
and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, to mobilise resources
for that purpose, to ensure the implementation of the present resolution and
to report to the General Assembly at its fiftieth session.