United Nations

A/RES/48/157


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

20 December 1993

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



                                                 A/RES/48/157
                                                 85th plenary meeting
                                                 20 December 1993
 
              Protection of children affected by armed conflicts
 
      The General Assembly,
 
      Reaffirming its resolution 44/25 of 20 November 1989, by which it
adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child, and its resolution 3318
(XXIX) of 14 December 1974, by which it proclaimed the Declaration on the
Protection of Women and Children in Emergency and Armed Conflict,
 
      Recalling that the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 and the
Additional Protocols thereto, of 1977,  as well as article 38 of the
Convention on the Rights of the Child, accord children special protection and
treatment,
 
      Recalling the World Declaration on the Survival, Protection and
Development of Children and the Plan of Action for Implementing the World
Declaration on the Survival, Protection and Development of Children in the
1990s, adopted by the World Summit for Children, held in New York on 29 and 30
September 1990, and stressing the necessity of implementing their provisions,
 
      Taking note of the report of the Committee on the Rights of the Child on
its third session, held at Geneva from 11 to 29 January 1993, in particular
its recommendation to the General Assembly that the Secretary- General should
undertake a study of the ways and means of improving the protection of
children from the adverse effects of armed conflicts,
 
      Taking note also of Commission on Human Rights resolution 1993/83 of 10
March 1993,
 
      Mindful of the strong support of the World Conference on Human Rights,
held at Vienna from 14 to 25 June 1993, for the proposed study by the
Secretary-General, as reflected in paragraph 50 of section II of the Vienna
Declaration and Programme of Action,
 
      Profoundly concerned about the grievous deterioration in the situation
of children in many parts of the world as a result of armed conflicts, and
convinced that immediate and concerted action is called for,
 
      Convinced that children affected by armed conflicts require the special
protection of the international community and that there is a need for all
States to work towards the alleviation of their plight,
 
      Recognizing the valuable work done in this field by United Nations
bodies and organizations, as well as by other relevant intergovernmental and
non-governmental organizations,
 
      1.    Expresses grave concern about the tragic situation of children in
many parts of the world as a result of armed conflicts;
 
      2.    Calls upon States fully to respect the provisions of the Geneva
Conventions of 12 August 1949 and the Additional Protocols thereto, of 1977,
as well as those of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which accord
children affected by armed conflicts special protection and treatment;
 
      3.    Urges all Member States to continue seeking comprehensive
improvement of the situation of children affected by armed conflicts with
appropriate and concrete measures;
 
      4.    Requests bodies and organizations of the United Nations, as well
as intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, within the scope of
their respective mandates, to cooperate in order to ensure more effective
action in addressing the problem of children affected by armed conflicts;
 
      5.    Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General Assembly
at its forty-ninth session a report on those concrete measures which have been
taken, pursuant to paragraphs 3 and 4 above, to alleviate the situation of
children in armed conflict;
 
      6.    Takes note with appreciation of the report of the Committee on the
Rights of the Child on its third session and the recommendations contained
therein concerning the situation of children affected by armed conflict;
 
      7.    Requests the Secretary-General to appoint an expert, working in
collaboration with the Centre for Human Rights of the Secretariat and the
United Nations Children's Fund, to undertake a comprehensive study of this
question, including the participation of children in armed conflict, as well
as the relevance and adequacy of existing standards, and to make specific
recommendations on ways and means of preventing children from being affected
by armed conflicts and of improving the protection of children in armed
conflicts and on measures to ensure effective protection of these children,
including from indiscriminate use of all weapons of war, especially anti-
personnel mines, and to promote their physical and psychological recovery and
social reintegration, in particular, measures to ensure proper medical care
and adequate nutrition, taking into account the recommendations by the World
Conference on Human Rights and the Committee on the Rights of the Child;
 
      8.    Requests Member States and United Nations bodies and
organizations, as well as other relevant intergovernmental and
non-governmental organizations, including the Committee on the Rights of the
Child, the United Nations Children's Fund, the Office of the United Nations
High Commissioner for Refugees, the World Health Organization and the
International Committee of the Red Cross, to contribute to the study requested
in paragraph 7 above;
 
      9.    Requests the Secretary-General to submit a progress report on the
study to the General Assembly at its forty-ninth session;
 
      10.   Invites the Commission on Human Rights to consider the study at
its fifty-first session;
 
      11.   Decides to consider this question at its forty-ninth session under
the item entitled "Necessity of adopting effective measures for the promotion
and protection of the rights of children throughout the world who are victims
of especially difficult circumstances, including armed conflicts".