United Nations

A/RES/48/127


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

20 December 1993

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



                                                  A/RES/48/127
                                                  85th plenary meeting
                                                  20 December 1993
 
                        Human rights education decade
 
      The General Assembly,
 
      Guided by the fundamental and universal principles enshrined in the
Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,
 
      Reaffirming article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,
according to which education shall be directed to the full development of the
human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and
fundamental freedoms,
 
      Recalling the provisions of other international human rights
instruments, such as those of article 13 of the International Covenant on
Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and article 20 of the Convention on the
Rights of the Child, that reflect the aims of the aforementioned article,
 
      Convinced that human rights education is a universal priority in that it
contributes to a concept of development consistent with the dignity of the
human person, which must include consideration of the diversity of groups such
as children, women, youths, persons with disabilities, the ageing, indigenous
people, minorities and other groups,
 
      Aware that human rights education involves more than providing
information but rather is a comprehensive life-long process by which people at
all levels of development and in all strata of society learn respect for the
dignity of others and the means and methods of ensuring that respect within a
democratic society,
 
      Taking into account the efforts made by educators and non-governmental
organizations in all parts of the world, as well as by intergovernmental
organizations, including the United Nations Educational, Scientific and
Cultural Organization, the International Labour Organisation and the United
Nations Children's Fund, to promote education in accordance with the
aforementioned principles,
 
      Considering the World Plan of Action on Education for Human Rights and
Democracy, adopted by the International Congress on Education for Human Rights
and Democracy, convened by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and
Cultural Organization at Montreal from 8 to 11 March 1993, and the statement
by the Congress that education for human rights and democracy is itself a
human right, and a prerequisite for the realization of human rights, democracy
and social justice,
 
      Aware of the experience in human rights education of United Nations
peace-building operations, including the United Nations Observer Mission in El
Salvador and the United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia,
 
      Taking into account Commission on Human Rights resolution 1993/56 of 9
March 1993, in which the Commission recommended that knowledge of human
rights, both in its theoretical dimension and in its practical application,
should be established as a priority in educational policies,
 
      Bearing in mind the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, adopted
by the World Conference on Human Rights at Vienna on 25 June 1993, in
particular section II, paragraphs 78 to 82,
 
      1.    Appeals to all Governments to step up their efforts to eradicate
illiteracy and to direct education towards the full development of the human
personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and
fundamental freedoms;
 
      2.    Urges governmental and non-governmental educational agencies to
intensify their efforts to establish and implement programmes of human rights
education, as recommended in the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action;
 
      3.    Takes note of the World Plan of Action on Education for Human
Rights and Democracy adopted by the International Congress on Education for
Human Rights and Democracy, and recommends that Governments and
non-governmental organizations consider it in preparing national plans for
human rights education;
 
      4.    Requests the Commission on Human Rights, in cooperation with
Member States, human rights treaty-monitoring bodies, other appropriate bodies
and competent non-governmental organizations, to consider proposals for a
United Nations decade for human rights education, which should be incorporated
by the Secretary-General into a plan of action for such a decade and
submitted, through the Economic and Social Council, to the General Assembly at
its forty-ninth session, with a view to the proclamation of a decade for human
rights education;
 
      5.    Requests the Secretary-General to consider the establishment of a
voluntary fund for human rights education, with special provision for the
support of the human rights education activities of non-governmental
organizations, to be administered by the Centre for Human Rights of the
Secretariat;
 
      6.    Invites the specialized agencies and United Nations programmes to
develop suitable activities in their respective fields of competence to
further the objectives of human rights education;
 
      7.    Requests the Secretary-General to bring the present resolution to
the attention of all members of the international community and to
intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations concerned with human
rights and education;
 
      8.    Calls upon international, regional and national non-governmental
organizations, in particular those concerned with women, labour, development
and the environment, as well as all other social justice groups, human rights
advocates, educators, religious organizations and the media, to increase their
involvement in formal and non-formal education in human rights and to
cooperate with the Centre for Human Rights in preparing for a United Nations
decade for human rights education;
 
      9.    Urges the existing human rights monitoring bodies to place
particular emphasis on the implementation by Member States of their
international obligation to promote human rights education;
 
      10.   Decides to consider this matter at its forty-ninth session under
the item entitled Human rights questions.