United Nations

A/RES/47/191


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

29 January 1993

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH


General Assembly
Forty-seventh session
Agenda item 79

                RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

            [on the report of the second Committee (A/47/719)]

     47/191.   Institutional arrangements to follow up the United
               Nations Conference on Environment and Development

     The General Assembly,

     Welcoming the adoption by the United Nations Conference on
Environment and Development of Agenda 21, 1/ in particular
chapter 38, entitled "International institutional arrangements",
which contains a set of important recommendations on
institutional arrangements to follow up the Conference,

     Stressing the overall objective of the integration of
environment and development issues at the national, subregional,
regional and international levels, including the United Nations
system institutional arrangements, and the specific objectives
recommended by the conference in paragraph 38.8 of Agenda 21,

     Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General, 2/
prepared with the assistance of the Secretary-General of the
United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, on
institutional arrangements to follow up the Conference, as well
as the recommendations and proposals contained therein,

     1.   Endorses the recommendations on international
institutional arrangements to follow up the United Nations
Conference on Environment and Development as contained in chapter
38 of Agenda 21, particularly those on the establishment of a
high-level Commission on Sustainable Development;

                   Commission on Sustainable Development

     2.   Requests the Economic and Social Council, at its
organizational session for 1993, to set up a high-level
Commission on Sustainable Development as a functional commission
of the Council, in accordance with Article 68 of the Charter of
the United Nations, in order to ensure effective follow-up to the
Conference, as well as to enhance international cooperation and
rationalize the intergovernmental decision-making capacity for
the integration of environment and development issues and to
examine the progress of the implementation of Agenda 21 at the
national, regional and international levels, fully guided by the
principles of the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development
3/ and all other aspects of the Conference, in order to achieve
sustainable development in all countries;

     3.   Recommends that the Commission have the following
functions, as agreed in paragraphs 38.13, 33.13 and 33.21 of
Agenda 21:

     (a)  To monitor progress in the implementation of Agenda 21
and activities related to the integration of environmental and
developmental goals throughout the United Nations system through
analysis and evaluation of reports from all relevant organs,
organizations, programmes and institutions of the United Nations
system dealing with various issues of environment and
development, including those related to finance;

     (b)  To consider information provided by Governments, for
example, in the form of periodic communications or national
reports regarding the activities they undertake to implement
Agenda 21, the problems they face, such as problems related to
financial resources and technology transfer, and other
environment and development issues they find relevant;

     (c)  To review the progress in the implementation of the
commitments set forth in Agenda 21, including those related to
the provision of financial resources and transfer of technology;

     (d)  To review and monitor regularly progress towards the
United Nations target of 0.7 per cent of the gross national
product of developed countries for official development
assistance; this review process should systematically combine the
monitoring of the implementation of Agenda 21 with the review of
financial resources available;

     (e)  To review on a regular basis the adequacy of funding
and mechanisms, including efforts to reach the objectives agreed
in chapter 33 of Agenda 21, including targets where applicable;

     (f)  To receive and analyse relevant input from competent
non-governmental organizations, including the scientific and the
private sector, in the context of the overall implementation of
Agenda 21;

     (g)  To enhance the dialogue, within the framework of the
United Nations, with non-governmental organizations and the
independent sector, as well as other entities outside the United
Nations system;

     (h)  To consider, where appropriate, information regarding
the progress made in the implementation of environmental
conventions, which could be made available by the relevant
conferences of parties;

     (i)  To provide appropriate recommendations to the General
Assembly, through the Economic and Social Council, on the basis
of an integrated consideration of the reports and issues related
to the implementation of Agenda 21;

     (j)  To consider, at an appropriate time, the results of the
review to be conducted expeditiously by the Secretary-General of
all recommendations of the Conference for capacity-building
programmes, information networks, task forces and other
mechanisms to support the integration of environment and
development at regional and subregional levels;

     4.   Also recommends that the Commission:

     (a)  Promote the incorporation of the principles of the Rio
Declaration on Environment and Development in the implementation
of Agenda 21;

     (b)  Promote the incorporation of the Non-legally Binding
Authoritative Statement of Principles for a Global Consensus on
the Management, Conservation and Sustainable Development of All
Types of Forests 4/ in the implementation of Agenda 21, in
particular in the context of the review of the implementation of
chapter 11 thereof;

     (c)  Keep under review the implementation of Agenda 21,
recognizing that it is a dynamic programme that could evolve over
time, taking into account the agreement to review Agenda 21 in
1997, and make recommendations, as appropriate, on the need for
new cooperative arrangements related to sustainable development
to the Economic and Social Council and, through it, to the
General Assembly;

     5.   Decides that the commission, in the fulfilment of its
functions, will, also:

     (a)  Monitor progress in promoting, facilitating and
financing, as appropriate, access to and transfer of
environmentally sound technologies and corresponding know-how, in
particular to developing countries, on favourable terms,
including on concessional and preferential terms, as mutually
agreed, taking into account the need to protect intellectual
property rights as well as the special needs of developing
countries for the implementation of Agenda 21;

     (b)  Consider issues related to the provision of financial
resources from all available funding sources and mechanisms, as
contained in paragraphs 33.13 to 33.16 of Agenda 21;

     6.   Recommends that the commission consist of
representatives of fifty-three States elected by the Economic and
Social Council from among the Members of the United Nations and
members of its specialized agencies for three-year terms, with
due regard to equitable geographical distribution; the regional
allocation of seats could be the same as that of the commission
on Science and Technology for Development, as decided by the
Economic and Social Council in its decision 1992/222 of 29 May
1992; Representation should be at a high level, including
ministerial participation; other Members of the United Nations
and members of its specialized agencies, as well as other
observers of the United Nations, may participate in the
Commission in the capacity of observer, in accordance with
established practice;

     7.   Also recommends that the Commission:

     (a)  Provide for representatives of various parts of the
United Nations system and other intergovernmental organizations,
including international financial institutions, GATT, regional
development banks, subregional financial institutions, relevant
regional and subregional economic and technical cooperation
organizations and regional economic integration organizations, to
assist and advise the commission in the performance of its
functions, within their respective areas of expertise and
mandates, and participate actively in its deliberations; and
provide for the European Community, within its areas of
competence, to participate fully - as will be appropriately
defined in the rules of procedure applicable to the Commission -
without the right to vote;

     (b)  Provide for non-governmental organizations, including
those related to major groups as well as to industry and the
scientific and business communities, to participate effectively
in its work and contribute within their areas of competence to
its deliberations;

     8.   Requests the Secretary-General, in the light of
paragraph 7 above, to submit, for the consideration of the
Economic and Social Council at its organizational session for
1993, his proposals on the rules of procedure applicable to the
Commission, including those related to participation of relevant
intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, as
recommended by the Conference, taking into account the following:

     (a)  The procedures, while ensuring the intergovernmental
nature of the commission, should allow its members to benefit
from the expertise and competence of relevant intergovernmental
and non-governmental organizations;

     (b)  The procedures should permit relevant intergovernmental
organizations inside and outside the United Nations system,
including multilateral financial institutions, to appoint special
representatives to the Commission;

     (c)  The rules of procedure of the Economic and Social
Council and those of its functional commissions;

     (d)  The rules of procedure of the United Nations Conference
on Environment and Development;

     (e)  Decisions 1/1 5/ and 2/1 6/ of the Preparatory
Committee for the United Nations Conference on Environment and
Development;

     (f)  Paragraphs 38.11 and 38.44 of Agenda 21;

     9.   Recommends that the Commission shall meet once a year
for a period of two to three weeks; the first substantive session
of the Commission will be held in New York in 1993, without
prejudice to the venus of future sessions at Geneva and/or in New
York;

     10.  Requests the Committee on Conferences to consider the
need for readjusting the calendar of meetings in order to take
account of the interrelationship between the work of the
Commission and the work of other relevant United Nations
intergovernmental subsidiary organs, in order to ensure timely
reporting to the Economic and Social Council;

     11.  Recommends that in 1993, as a transitional measure, the
Commission hold a short organizational session in New York; at
that session, the Commission will elect the officers of the
Commission, namely, a chairman, three vice-chairmen and a
rapporteur, one from each of the regional groups, decide on the
agenda of its first substantive session and consider all other
organizational issues as may be necessary; the agenda of the
organizational session of the Commission shall be decided on by
the Economic and Social Council at its organizational session for
1993;

     12.  Also recommends that the Commission, at its first
substantive session, adopt a multi-year thematic programme of its
work that will provide a framework to assess progress achieved in
the implementation of Agenda 21 and ensure an integrated approach
to all of its environment and development components as well as
linkages between sectoral and cross-sectoral issues; this
programme could be of clusters that would integrate in an
effective manner related sectoral and cross-sectoral components
of Agenda 21 in such a way as to allow the Commission to review
the progress of the implementation of the entire Agenda 21 by
1997; the programme of work could be adjusted, as the need
arises, at subsequent sessions of the Commission;

     13.  Requests the Secretary-General to submit his proposals
for such a programme of work during the organizational session of
the Commission;

     14.  Recommends that in order to carry out its functions and
implement its programme of work effectively the Commission
consider organizing its work on the following lines:

     (a)  Financial resources, mechanisms, transfer of
technology, capacity-building and other cross-sectoral issues;

     (b)  Review of the implementation of Agenda 21 at the
international level, as well as at the regional and national
levels, including the means of implementation, in accordance with
paragraph 12 above and the functions of the Commission, taking
into account, where appropriate, information regarding progress
in the implementation of relevant environmental conventions;

     (c)  A high-level meeting, with ministerial participation,
to have an integrated overview of the implementation of Agenda
21, to consider emerging policy issues and to provide necessary
political impetus to the implementation of the decisions of the
Conference and the commitments contained therein;

Review and consideration of the implementation of Agenda 21
should be in an integrated manner;

     15.  Requests the Secretary-General to provide for each
session of the Commission, in accordance with the programme of
work mentioned in paragraph 12 above and with its organizational
modalities, analytical reports containing information on relevant
activities to implement Agenda 21, progress achieved and emerging
issues to be addressed;

     16.  Also requests the Secretary-General to prepare, for the
first substantive session of the Commission, reports containing
information and proposals, as appropriate, on the following
issues:

     (a)  Initial financial commitments, financial flows and
arrangements to give effect to the decisions of the Conference
from all available funding sources and mechanisms;

     (b)  Progress achieved in facilitating and promoting
transfer of environmentally sound technologies, cooperation and
capacity-building;

     (c)  Progress in the incorporation of recommendations of the
Conference in the activities of international organizations and
measures undertaken by the Administrative Committee on
Coordination to ensure that sustainable development principles
are incorporated into programmes and processes within the United
Nations system;

     (d)  Ways in which, upon request, the United Nations system
and bilateral donors are assisting countries, particularly
developing countries, in the preparation of national reports and
national Agenda 21 action plans;

     (e)  Urgent and major emerging issues that may be addressed
in the course of the high-level meeting;

     17.  Decides that organizational modalities for the
Commission should be reviewed in the context of the overall
review and appraisal of Agenda 21 during the special session of
the General Assembly 7/ and adjusted, as may be required, to
improve its effectiveness;

      Relationship with other United Nations intergovernmental bodies

     18.  Recommends that the Commission, in discharging its
functions, submit its consolidated recommendations to the
Economic and social council and, through it, to the General
Assembly, to be considered by the Council and the Assembly in
accordance with their respective responsibilities as defined in
the Charter of the United Nations and with the relevant
provisions of paragraphs 38.9 and 38.10 of Agenda 21;

     19.  Also recommends that the Commission actively interact
with other intergovernmental United Nations bodies dealing with
matters related to environment and development;

     20.  Emphasizes that the ongoing restructuring and
revitalization of the United Nations in the economic, social and
related fields should take into account the organizational
modalities for the Commission, with a view to optimizing its work
and the work of other intergovernmental United Nations bodies
dealing with matters related to environment and development;

               Coordination within the United Nations system

     21.  Requests all specialized agencies and related
organizations of the United Nations system to strengthen and
adjust their activities, programmes and medium-term plans, as
appropriate, in line with Agenda 21, in particular regarding
projects for promoting sustainable development, in accordance
with paragraph 38.28 of Agenda 21, and make their reports on
steps they have taken to give effect to this recommendation
available to the Commission and the Economic and Social Council
in 1993 or, at the latest, in 1994, in accordance with Article 64
of the Charter;

     22.  Invites all relevant governing bodies to ensure that
the tasks assigned to them are carried out effectively, including
the elaboration and publication on a regular basis of reports on
the activities of the organs, programmes and organizations for
which they are responsible, and that continuous reviews are
undertaken of their policies, programmes, budgets and activities;

     23.  Invites the World Bank and other international,
regional and subregional financial and development institutions,
including the Global Environment Facility, to submit regularly to
the Commission reports containing information on their
experience, activities and plans to implement Agenda 21;

     24.  Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the
Commission, at its substantive session of 1993, recommendations
and proposals for improving coordination of programmes related to
development data that exist within the United Nations system,
taking into account the provisions of paragraph 40.13 of Agenda
21, inter alia regarding "Development Watch";

     United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations
     Development Programme, United Nations Conference on Trade
     and Development and United Nations Sudano-Sahelian Office

     25.  Requests the Governing Council of the United Nations
Environment programme, the Governing Council of the United
Nations Development Programme and the Trade and Development Board
to examine the relevant provisions of chapter 38 of Agenda 21 at
their next sessions and to submit to the General Assembly at its
forty-eighth session, through the Commission and the Economic and
Social Council, reports on their specific plans to implement
Agenda 21;

     26.  Takes note of the work of the United Nations Centre for
Urgent Environmental Assistance, established by the Governing
Council of the United Nations Environment Programme on an
experimental basis, and invites the Governing Council to report
to the General Assembly at its forty-eighth session on the
experience gained within the Centre;

                           Regional commissions

     27.  Requests United Nations regional commissions to examine
the relevant provisions of chapter 38 of Agenda 21 at their next
sessions and to submit reports on their specific plans to
implement Agenda 21;

     28.  Requests the Economic and Social Council to decide on
the arrangements required for the reports of regional commissions
with the conclusions related to such a review to be made
available to the Commission on Sustainable Development in 1993,
or at the latest in 1994;

                         High-level Advisory Board

     29.  Endorses the view of the Secretary-General that the
High-level Advisory Board should consist of eminent persons
broadly representative of all regions of the world, with
recognized expertise on the broad spectrum of issues to be dealt
with by the Commission, drawn from relevant scientific
disciplines, industry, finance and other major non-governmental
constituencies, as well as various disciplines related to
environment and development, and that due account should also be
given to gender balance; 8/

     30.  Decides that the main task of the Advisory Board is to
give broad consideration to issues related to implementation of
Agenda 21, taking into account the thematic multi-year programme
of work of the Commission, and provide expert advice in that
regard to the Secretary-General and, through him, to the
Commission, the Economic and social council and the General
Assembly;

     31.  Takes note of the views of the Secretary-General
regarding the functions of the Advisory Board and of the
Committee for Development Planning, and requests him to submit
appropriate proposals to the Economic and social council at its
organizational session for 1993, including the possibility of
establishing rosters of experts;

                     Secretariat support arrangements

     32.  Takes note of the decision of the Secretary-General to
establish a new Department for Policy Coordination and
Sustainable Development, headed at the Under-Secretary-General
level, and in this context calls upon the Secretary-General to
establish a clearly identifiable, highly qualified and competent
secretariat support structure to provide support for the
Commission, the Inter-Agency Committee on Sustainable Development
and the High-level Advisory Board, taking into account gender
balance at all levels, the paramount importance of securing the
highest standards of efficiency, competence and integrity, and
the importance of recruiting staff on as wide a geographical
basis as possible in accordance with Articles 8 and 101 of the
Charter and the following criteria:

     (a)  It should draw on the expertise gained and the working
methods and organizational structures developed during the
preparatory process for the Conference;

     (b)  It should work closely with United Nations and other
expert bodies in the field of sustainable development and should
cooperate closely and cooperatively with the economic and social
entities of the Secretariat and the secretariats of the relevant
organs, organizations and bodies of the United Nations system,
including the secretariats of international financial
institutions, and it should provide for effective liaison with
relevant non-governmental organizations, including those related
to major groups, in particular non-governmental organizations
from developing countries;

     (c)  The secretariat, which will be located in New York,
should ensure to all countries easy access to its services;
effective interaction with secretariats of other international
organizations, financial institutions and relevant conventions
whose secretariats have been established definitively or on an
interim basis and should have a relevant office at Geneva to
establish close links with activities related to follow-up to
legal instruments signed at or mandated by the Conference and to
maintain liaison with agencies in the fields of environment and
development; the secretariat should also have a liaison office at
Nairobi, on the basis of arrangements made at the conference;

     (d)  It should be headed by a high-level official designated
by the Secretary-General to work closely and directly with him
and with assured access to him, as well as with the heads of
relevant organizations of the United Nations system, including
the multilateral financial and trade organizations, dealing with
the implementation of Agenda 21;

     (e)  It should be funded from the United Nations regular
budget and depend to the maximum extent possible upon existing
budgetary resources;

     (f)  It should be supplemented or reinforced, as
appropriate, by secondments from other relevant bodies and
agencies of the United Nations system, especially the United
Nations Environment Programme, the United Nations Development
Programme and the World Bank, taking into account the need to
ensure that the work programmes of those organizations are not
negatively affected, and from national Governments, as well as by
appropriate specialists on limited-term contracts from outside
the United Nations in such areas as may be required;

     (g)  It should take into account relevant resolutions and
decisions of the General Assembly and the Economic and Social
Council regarding women in the United Nations Secretariat;

     (h)  Sustainable development should be integrated and
coordinated with other economic, social and environmental
activities of the Secretariat; organizational decisions should be
consistent with consensus resolutions in the context of the
restructuring and revitalization of the United Nations in the
economic, social and related fields;

     33.  Requests the Secretary-General to make the necessary
interim secretariat arrangements to ensure adequate preparations
and support for the first session of the Commission and the work
of the Inter-Agency Committee;

     34.  Also requests the Secretary-General to report to the
General Assembly at its forty-eighth session on the
implementation of the present resolution.

                                                       93rd plenary meeting
                                                           22 December 1992

Notes:

     1/   Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment
and Development. Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992 (A/CONF.151/26),
chap. 1, resolution 1, annex II.

     2/   A/47/598 and Add.l.

     3/   Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment
and Development, Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992 (A/CONF.151/26),
chap. I, resolution 1, annex I.

     4/   Ibid., annex III.

     5/   See Official Records of the General Assembly,
Forty-fifth Session Supplement No. 46 (A/45/46), annex I.

     6/   Ibid., Forty-sixth Session, Supplement No. 48
(A/46/48), vol. I, annex I.

     7/   See resolution 47/190, para. 8.

     8/   See A/47/598, para. 59.

 

 

 

 


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Date last posted: 5 December 1999 15:45:34
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