United Nations

A/RES/47/188


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

22 December 1992

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



 
                                                 A/RES/47/188
                                                 93rd plenary meeting
                                                 22 December 1992
 
    Establishment of an intergovernmental negotiating committee for the
    elaboration of an international convention to combat desertification
            in those countries experiencing serious drought and/or
                  desertification, particularly in Africa
 
     The General Assembly,
 
     Recalling its resolutions 44/172 A of 19 December 1989, 44/228 of 22
December 1989 and other relevant General Assembly resolutions, as well as
decisions adopted by the United Nations Conference on Environment and
Development, in particular the recommendation by which the Conference invited
the General Assembly to establish at its forty-seventh session, under its
auspices, an intergovernmental negotiating committee for the elaboration of an
international convention to combat desertification in those countries
experiencing serious drought and/or desertification, particularly in Africa,
with a view to finalizing such a convention by June 1994,
 
     1.   Welcomes with satisfaction the results and the recommendations of
the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, particularly
chapter 12 of Agenda 21 entitled "Managing fragile ecosystems: combating
desertification and drought";
 
     2.   Decides to establish, under its auspices, an Intergovernmental
Negotiating Committee for the elaboration of an international convention to
combat desertification in those countries experiencing serious drought and/or
desertification, particularly in Africa, taking into account proposals that
may be submitted by States participating in the negotiating process, with a
view to finalizing such a convention by June 1994, and welcomes the
candidature of Ambassador Bo Kjellen (Sweden) for the chairmanship of the
Committee;
 
     3.   Also decides that the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee shall
be open to all States Members of the United Nations or members of the
specialized agencies, with the participation of observers in accordance with
the established practice of the General Assembly;
 
     4.   Further decides that the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee
shall hold, in addition to an organizational session, five substantive
sessions, each lasting for two weeks, at Geneva and Nairobi, in New York and,
in accordance with paragraph 5 of General Assembly resolution 40/243 of 18
December 1985, in Paris; the dates of these sessions will be determined by the
Committee at its organizational session, subject to review of the timetable at
the end of each negotiating session and taking into account the schedule of
other related meetings;
 
     5.   Decides that at the first session of the Intergovernmental
Negotiating Committee, to be held at Nairobi, the first week shall be devoted
to the sharing of technical information and assessments, with the involvement
of experts, on drought and desertification;
 
     6.   Decides that provision shall be made for an organizational session
of up to one week's duration, to be held in New York not later than February
1993, in order to organize the work of the Intergovernmental Negotiating
Committee and to elect its officers, which shall consist of a chairman, three
vice-chairmen and a rapporteur, each of the five regional groups being
represented by one officer;
 
     7.   Requests the Secretary-General to establish at Geneva as soon as
possible an ad hoc secretariat of appropriate size and calibre, drawing, inter
alia, on staff resources of the United Nations system, in order to ensure that
the ad hoc secretariat embodies the requisite technical expertise to assist
the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee in the fulfilment of its mandate;
 
     8.   Invites the United Nations Development Programme, the United Nations
Sudano-Sahelian Office, the United Nations Environment Programme, the Food and
Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the International Fund for
Agricultural Development, the World Health Organization, the World
Meteorological Organization, the United Nations Conference on Trade and
Development, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural
Organization and other relevant international organizations dealing with
desertification, drought and development, to make appropriate contributions to
the work of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee in the fulfilment of
its mandate;
 
     9.   Decides that the Secretary-General shall appoint as head of the ad
hoc secretariat a senior official at an appropriate level who shall act under
the guidance of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee;
 
     10.  Requests the Secretary-General, through the head of the ad hoc
secretariat, to prepare draft rules of procedure to be considered by the
Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee at its organizational session;
 
     11.  Requests the head of the ad hoc secretariat to make available to the
Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee, at the first substantive session, the
most relevant and recent information available, in conformity with its mandate
as stated in paragraph 2 above;
 
     12.  Decides to establish a multidisciplinary panel of experts to assist
the ad hoc secretariat and, under its authority, to provide the necessary
expertise in the scientific, technical, legal and other related fields, making
full use of the resources and expertise within and available to Governments
and/or organizations of the United Nations system dealing with drought and
desertification;
 
     13.  Also decides that the negotiation process shall be funded through
existing United Nations budgetary resources, without negatively affecting its
programmed activities, and through voluntary contributions to a trust fund
established specifically for that purpose for the duration of the negotiations
and administered by the head of the ad hoc secretariat, under the authority of
the Secretary-General;
 
     14.  Urges Governments, regional economic integration organizations and
other interested organizations, including non-governmental organizations, to
contribute generously to the trust fund;
 
     15.  Decides to establish a special voluntary fund, to be administered by
the head of the ad hoc secretariat, under the authority of the
Secretary-General, to assist developing countries affected by desertification
and drought, in particular the least developed countries, to participate fully
and effectively in the negotiation process, and invites Governments, regional
economic integration organizations and other interested organizations,
including non-governmental organizations, to contribute generously to the
fund;
 
     16.  Invites relevant or interested organizations, organs, programmes and
agencies of the United Nations system and intergovernmental, subregional and
regional organizations to participate actively in the work of the
Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee;
 
     17.  Urges States to organize, in close collaboration with the regional
commissions and national, subregional and regional organizations, activities
to support the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee process, with the
involvement of the scientific and industrial communities, trade unions, the
relevant non-governmental organizations and other interested groups;
 
     18.  Invites the United Nations Sudano-Sahelian Office to assist the
countries covered under its mandate in their preparations for and
participation in the negotiating process and to mobilize resources for this
purpose; 
 
     19.  Invites all relevant non-governmental organizations and, especially,
encourages non-governmental organizations from developing countries to
contribute constructively to the success of the negotiating process in
accordance with the rules of procedure of the Intergovernmental
 
Negotiating Committee and taking into account procedures followed
in the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development
process; 
 
     20.  Requests the Chairman of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee
to submit progress reports to the Commission on Sustainable Development and
other appropriate bodies;
 
     21.  Requests the Secretary-General to bring the present resolution to
the attention of all Governments, intergovernmental and non-governmental
organizations and relevant scientific institutions;
 
     22.  Also requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General
Assembly at its forty-eighth session a report on the implementation of the
present resolution;
 
     23.  Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its forty-eighth
session a sub-item entitled "Elaboration of an international convention to
combat desertification in those countries experiencing serious drought and/or
desertification, particularly in Africa" under an item entitled
"Implementation of decisions and recommendations of the United Nations
Conference on Environment and Development".