United Nations

A/RES/47/144


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

18 December 1992

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



 
                                            A/RES/47/144
                                            92nd plenary meeting
                                            18 December 1992
 
                    Situation in Myanmar
 
      The General Assembly,
 
      Recalling its resolution 46/132 of 17 December 1991,
 
      Reaffirming that all Member States have an obligation to promote and
protect human rights and fundamental freedoms as stated in the Charter of the
United Nations and elaborated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,
the International Covenants on Human Rights and other applicable human rights
instruments,
 
      Aware that, in accordance with the Charter, the Organization promotes
and encourages respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms for all and
that article 21, paragraph 3, of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
states that "the will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of
government",
 
      Taking note of Commission on Human Rights resolution 1992/58 of 3 March
1992, in which the Commission, inter alia, decided to nominate a special
rapporteur to establish direct contacts with the Government and with the
people of Myanmar, including political leaders deprived of their liberty,
their families and lawyers, with a view to examining the situation of human
rights in Myanmar and following any progress made towards the transfer of
power to a civilian government and the drafting of a new constitution, the
lifting of restrictions on personal freedoms and the restoration of human
rights in Myanmar, and to report to the General Assembly at its forty-seventh
session and to the Commission at its forty-ninth session,
 
      Noting the measures taken by the Government of Myanmar, including its
accession to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 for the protection of
victims of war, the release of a number of political prisoners, the lifting of
the curfew, the revocation of certain martial laws and the reopening of the
universities, in response to the concerns expressed by the international
community, including the General Assembly and the Commission on Human Rights,
 
      Gravely concerned that the Government of Myanmar still has not
implemented its commitments to take all necessary steps towards democracy in
the light of the results of the elections held in 1990,
 
      Gravely concerned also at the continued seriousness of the situation of
human rights in Myanmar, including reports of torture and arbitrary execution,
continued detention of a large number of persons for political reasons, the
existence of important restrictions on the exercise of fundamental freedoms
and the imposition of oppressive measures directed in particular at ethnic and
religious minorities,
 
      Noting that the human rights situation in Myanmar has consequently
resulted in massive flows of refugees to neighbouring countries,
 
      Deeply concerned at the continuing problem of large numbers of refugees
from Myanmar in neighbouring countries, including the almost 265,000 Myanmar
Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh,
 
      1.   Expresses its appreciation to the Special Rapporteur of the
Commission on Human Rights for his preliminary report and the recommendations
contained therein;
 
      2.   Calls upon the Government of Myanmar to extend its full and
unreserved cooperation to the Special Rapporteur and to ensure that he has
free access to any person in Myanmar whom he deems it appropriate to meet for
the conduct of his mandate;
 
      3.   Expresses its grave concern about the continued seriousness of the
human rights situation in Myanmar;
 
      4.   Urges the Government of Myanmar to take all necessary steps towards
the restoration of democracy, fully respecting the will of the people as
expressed in the democratic elections held in 1990;
 
      5.   Also urges the Government of Myanmar to take every appropriate
measure to allow all citizens to participate freely in the political process
in accordance with the principles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
and to accelerate the process of transition to democracy, in particular
through the transfer of power to the democratically elected representatives;
 
      6.   Further urges the Government of Myanmar to ensure full respect for
human rights and fundamental freedoms and the protection of the rights of
persons belonging to ethnic and religious minorities;
 
      7.   Notes the release of a number of political leaders from detention;
 
      8.   Deeply regrets, however, that many political leaders are still
deprived of their freedom and their fundamental rights;
 
      9.   Calls upon the Government of Myanmar to release unconditionally the
Nobel Peace Laureate Aung San Suu Kyi, who is now in her fourth year of
detention without trial, and other political leaders and remaining political
prisoners;
 
      10.  Also calls upon the Government of Myanmar to respect fully the
obligations under the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, in particular the
obligations under article 3 common to the Conventions and to make use of such
services as may be offered by impartial humanitarian bodies;
 
      11.  Requests the Government of Myanmar to invite the presence of the
International Committee of the Red Cross in Myanmar in order for it to carry
out its humanitarian tasks;
 
      12.  Calls upon the Government of Myanmar to create the necessary
conditions to ensure an end to the flows of refugees to neighbouring countries
and to facilitate their speedy repatriation and to cooperate fully with the
relevant United Nations organs on this matter;
 
      13.  Decides to continue its consideration of this question at its
forty-eighth session.