United Nations


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

16 December 1992


                                             89th plenary meeting
                                             16 December 1992
                  "Ethnic cleansing" and racial hatred
     The General Assembly,
     Recalling the Charter of the United Nations, the Universal Declaration of
Human Rights, the International Covenants on Human Rights and the
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial
     Reaffirming its conviction that any doctrine of superiority based on
racial differentiation is scientifically false, morally condemnable, socially
unjust and dangerous, and that there is no justification for racial
discrimination, in theory or in practice, anywhere,
     Reaffirming also its conviction that discrimination between human beings
on the grounds of race, colour, religion or ethnic origin is an obstacle to
friendly and peaceful relations among nations and is capable of disturbing
peace and security among peoples and the harmony of persons living side by
side even within the same State,
     Convinced that the existence of racial and ethnic barriers is repugnant
to the ideals of any human society, and aware of the need to strengthen
efforts to eliminate all forms of racial hatred,
     Alarmed by the fact that, notwithstanding the efforts of the
international community to eradicate them, there are still in many parts of
the world manifestations of racial discrimination that are encouraged by a
philosophy of racial superiority or hatred,
     Deeply alarmed by policies and practices of "ethnic cleansing", which
foster hatred and violence, wherever they occur,
     Noting the importance of respecting the rights of persons belonging to
national or ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities,
     Reaffirming its resolution 46/242 of 25 August 1992, in which it states
that the abhorrent practice of "ethnic cleansing" constitutes a grave and
serious violation of international humanitarian law,
     1.   Condemns unreservedly "ethnic cleansing" and acts of violence
arising from racial hatred;
     2.   Strongly rejects policies and ideologies aimed at promoting racial
hatred and "ethnic cleansing" in any form;
     3.   Reaffirms that "ethnic cleansing" and racial hatred are totally
incompatible with universally recognized human rights and fundamental
     4.   Reiterates its conviction that those who commit or order the
commission of acts of "ethnic cleansing" are individually responsible and
should be brought to justice;
     5.   Demands that all those who commit or order acts of "ethnic
cleansing" put an end to them immediately;
     6.   Calls upon all States to cooperate in eliminating all forms of
"ethnic cleansing" and racial hatred.