United Nations

A/RES/46/215


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

20 December 1991

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



 
                                                  A/RES/46/215
                                                  79th plenary meeting
                                                  20 December 1991
 
    Large-scale pelagic drift-net fishing and its impact on the living
            marine resources of the world's oceans and seas
 
  The General Assembly,
 
  Recalling its resolutions 44/225 and 45/197, concerning large-scale pelagic
drift-net fishing and its impact on the living marine resources of the world's
oceans and seas, including enclosed and semi-enclosed seas, which took into
account the concerns of the developing countries and were adopted by consensus
on 22 December 1989 and 21 December 1990, respectively,
 
  Also recalling, in particular, that the General Assembly recommended that
all members of the international community agree to certain measures specified
in the operative paragraphs of resolution 44/225,
 
  Further recalling the relevant principles elaborated in the United Nations
Convention on the Law of the Sea, which are referred to in the seventh to
tenth preambular paragraphs of resolution 44/225,
 
  Expressing deep concern about reports of expansion of large-scale pelagic
drift-net fishing activities on the high seas in contravention of resolutions
44/225 and 45/197, including attempts to expand large-scale pelagic drift-net
fishing in the high seas areas of the Indian Ocean,
 
  Commending the unilateral, regional and international efforts that have been
undertaken by members of the international community and international
organizations to implement and support the objectives of resolutions 44/225
and 45/197,
 
  Noting that at the Twenty-second South Pacific Forum, held at Palikir on 29
and 30 July 1991, the heads of Government reaffirmed their opposition to
large-scale pelagic drift-net fishing, and in this regard, inter alia,
welcomed the entry into force on 17 May 1991 of the Convention for the
Prohibition of Fishing with Long Drift-nets in the South Pacific,
 
  Recalling the Castries Declaration, in which the Authority of the
Organization of Eastern Caribbean States resolved to establish a regional
regime for the regulation and management of the pelagic resources in the
Lesser Antilles region that would outlaw the use of drift-nets and called upon
other States in the region to cooperate in this regard,
 
  Welcoming the actions taken that have resulted in the cessation of all
large- scale pelagic drift-net fishing activities in the South Pacific in
advance of the date stipulated in paragraph 4 (b) of resolution 44/225 for the
termination of such activities,
 
  Also welcoming the decision of other members of the international community
to cease large-scale pelagic drift-net fishing on the high seas,
 
  Commending the efforts of many members of the international community to
compile data on large-scale pelagic drift-net fishing and to submit their
findings to the Secretary-General,
 
  Noting the contributions to the report of the Secretary-General made by some
members of the international community and by intergovernmental and non-
governmental organizations,
 
  Noting also the significant concerns expressed by members of the
international community and competent regional fisheries bodies regarding the
impact of large- scale pelagic drift-net fishing on the marine environment,
 
  Noting further that, in accordance with paragraph 3 of resolution 44/225,
some members of the international community have reviewed the best available
scientific data on the impact of large-scale pelagic drift-net fishing and
have failed to conclude that this practice has no adverse impact which
threatens the conservation and sustainable management of living marine
resources,
 
  Noting that the grounds for concerns expressed in resolutions 44/225 and
45/197 about the unacceptable impact of large-scale pelagic drift-net fishing
have been confirmed and that evidence has not demonstrated that the impact can
be fully prevented,
 
  Recognizing that a moratorium on large-scale pelagic drift-net fishing is
required, notwithstanding that it will have adverse socio-economic effects on
the communities involved in high seas pelagic drift-net fishing operations,
 
  1.  Recalls its resolutions 44/225 and 45/197;
 
  2.  Commends the efforts jointly to collect statistically sound data
regarding large-scale pelagic drift-net fishing in the North Pacific Ocean,
which were reviewed at the meeting of scientists held at Sidney, Canada, in
June 1991, and presented at the symposium on the high seas drift-net fisheries
in the North Pacific Ocean, held at Tokyo in November 1991 under the auspices
of the International North Pacific Fisheries Commission;
 
  3.  Calls upon all members of the international community to implement
resolutions 44/225 and 45/197 by, inter alia, taking the following actions:
 
  (a)  Beginning on 1 January 1992, reduce fishing effort in existing
large-scale pelagic high seas drift-net fisheries by, inter alia, reducing the
number of vessels involved, the length of the nets and the area of operation,
so as to achieve, by 30 June 1992, a 50 per cent reduction in fishing effort;
 
  (b)  Continue to ensure that the areas of operation of large-scale pelagic
high seas drift-net fishing are not expanded and, beginning on 1 January 1992,
are further reduced in accordance with paragraph 3 (a) of the present
resolution;
 
  (c)  Ensure that a global moratorium on all large-scale pelagic drift-net
fishing is fully implemented on the high seas of the world's oceans and seas,
including enclosed seas and semi-enclosed seas, by 31 December 1992;
 
  4.  Reaffirms the importance it attaches to compliance with the present
resolution and encourages all members of the international community to take
measures, individually and collectively, to prevent large-scale pelagic
drift-net fishing operations on the high seas of the world's oceans and seas,
including enclosed seas and semi-enclosed seas;
 
  5.  Requests the Secretary-General to bring the present resolution to the
attention of all members of the international community, intergovernmental and
non-governmental organizations and well-established scientific institutions
with expertise in relation to living marine resources;
 
  6.  Requests the members and organizations referred to above to submit to
the Secretary-General information concerning activities or conduct
inconsistent with the terms of the present resolution;
 
  7.  Also requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General Assembly at
its forty-seventh session a report on the implementation of the present
resolution.