United Nations

A/RES/46/96


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

16 December 1991

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



                                        A/RES/46/96
                                        74th plenary meeting
                                        16 December 1991
 
 Implementation of the World Programme of Action concerning Disabled
 Persons and the United Nations Decade of Disabled Persons
 
     The General Assembly,
 
     Recalling all its relevant resolutions, including resolution 37/52 of
3 December 1982, by which it adopted the World Programme of Action concerning
Disabled Persons, and resolution 37/53 of 3 December 1982, in which, inter
alia, it proclaimed the period 1983-1992 the United Nations Decade of Disabled
Persons as a long-term plan of action,
 
     Recalling also its resolution 43/98 of 8 December 1988, in which it
urged Member States and intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations
concerned to translate into action at all levels, as appropriate, the
priorities for global activities and programmes during the second half of the
Decade, such as those set forth in the annex to the resolution,
 
     Recalling further the request to the Secretary-General made in its
resolution 45/91 of 14 December 1990, to shift the focus of the United Nations
programme on disability from awareness-raising to action, with the aim of
achieving a society for all by the year 2010, and considering that appropriate
means will be required to achieve this,
 
     Taking note of Economic and Social Council resolution 1991/9 of 30 May
1991, in which the Council invited Member States to review their policies and
programmes with the aim of designing national annual priorities until the end
of the United Nations Decade of Disabled Persons in 1992 and concrete long-
term strategies to ensure the full implementation of the World Programme of
Action beyond the Decade,
 
     Welcoming the progress made by the ad hoc open-ended working group
established by the Commission for Social Development by its resolution 32/2 of
20 February 1991, to elaborate standard rules on the equalization of
opportunities for persons with disabilities,
 
     Noting with concern the deteriorating economic and social situation of
many developing countries, which adversely affect vulnerable groups, including
persons with disabilities,
 
     Aware of the need for new and concerted efforts, more vigorous and
broader action, and measures at all levels to fulfil the objectives of the
Decade,
 
     Expressing its appreciation for the efforts of a number of Member States
during the Decade to improve the conditions and well-being of persons with
disabilities and the willingness of those States to involve persons with
disabilities and their organizations in all matters of concern to them,
 
     Noting with appreciation the generous support to the Voluntary Fund for
the United Nations Decade of Disabled Persons provided by some Governments
through voluntary contributions,
 
     Aware of the important role national committees are playing in
furthering the implementation of the World Programme of Action,
 
     Noting with appreciation the convening of the International Meeting on
the Roles and Functions of National Coordinating Committees on Disability in
Developing Countries at Beijing from 5 to 11 November 1990, and the adoption
of the Guidelines for the Establishment and Development of National
Coordinating Committees on Disability or Similar Bodies,
 
     Encouraged by the emergence of organizations of persons with
disabilities in all regions and their positive influence on the image and
condition of persons with disabilities,
 
     Noting the important contributions being made by other non-governmental
organizations in improving the status of persons with disabilities,
 
     Recognizing the World Congress of Rehabilitation International, the
World Congress of Disabled Peoples' International, the General Assembly of the
World Blind Union, Independence '92, and other such important events to be
held in 1992 as important activities helping both to mark the end of the
Decade and to launch future efforts for persons with disabilities,
 
     Commending the work done by the Centre for Social Development and
Humanitarian Affairs of the Secretariat as the focal point in the United
Nations system for issues of disabilities,
 
     Commending the work being done by the Statistical Office of the
Secretariat and welcoming its publication of the Disability Statistics
Compendium,
 
     Having considered the report of the Secretary-General,
 
     Desirous of encouraging the continued and practical implementation of
the World Programme of Action beyond the Decade,
 
     1.   Reiterates the need to achieve the objectives set out in the
agenda for action until the end of the United Nations Decade for Disabled
Persons and beyond, and the preliminary outline of a long-term strategy to the
year 2000 and beyond: a society for all, as contained in the report of the
Secretary-General on the feasibility study on alternative ways to mark the end
of the Decade;
 
     2.   Affirms that, in implementing the agenda for action, special
attention should be given to persons with disabilities in developing
countries;
 
     3.   Invites Member States, all organizations of the United Nations
system and intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations to review and
evaluate, with the active participation of persons with disabilities, their
current disability-related policies, programmes and available services with a
view to identifying areas in which major progress has been achieved, as well
as obstacles encountered in the prevention, rehabilitation and equalization of
opportunities;
 
     4.   Invites all organizations of the United Nations system to
incorporate the needs and concerns of persons with disabilities in their
programmes and activities, including these persons both as active agents and
as beneficiaries;
 
     5.   Stresses the need, within existing resources, for priority to be
given to action-oriented programmes that will renew international consensus on
and elicit a sustained political commitment by Member States to the
implementation of the World Programme of Action concerning Disabled Persons
beyond the Decade and will ensure the continued improvement of the situation
of persons with disabilities;
 
     6.   Endorses the Guidelines for the Establishment and Development of
National Coordinating Committees on Disability or Similar Bodies, adopted
at Beijing;
 
     7.   Requests the Secretary-General to ensure that the Guidelines are
disseminated as widely as possible and to assist Member States in undertaking
follow-up measures, especially training seminars, to promote their
implementation;
 
     8.   Also requests the Secretary-General to finalize during the next
year the review of the translation into the official languages of the United
Nations of the World Programme of Action, in particular the terms
"impairment", "disability", "handicap" and "disabled person";
 
     9.   Endorses the Guidelines for the Development of Organizations of
Disabled Persons, and encourages Governments to consider these Guidelines
in their national programmes;
 
     10.  Calls upon Governments and bodies of the United Nations system to
participate actively in the elaboration of standard rules on the equalization
of opportunities for persons with disabilities and in this regard to pay
attention to the particular needs of women with disabilities;
 
     11.  Requests the Secretary-General to take due note of the
recommendation of the expert group meetings held at Stockholm in 1987 and
at Jarvenpaa, Finland in 1990, that organizations of persons with
disabilities should be fully represented in all United Nations activities
related to the Decade and beyond and, in particular, expert group meetings;
 
     12.  Welcomes the announcement by the Government of Canada to host a
United Nations expert group meeting to be held in conjunction with
Indepencence '92 at Vancouver, Canada, in April 1992 with the objective of
drawing up a long-term strategy to implement the World Programme of Action to
the year 2000 and beyond, with particular focus on recommending practical and
action-oriented measures that could be implemented in such fields as
legislation and governing mechanisms, community-based rehabilitation,
independent living, human rights aspects and economic independence and the
creation of an effective international mechanism to coordinate and monitor
activities for 1992 and beyond;
 
     13.  Welcomes also the offer of the Government of the United States of
America to host an international conference on disability, entitled "Setting
National Disability Policies - An Agenda for Action";
 
     14.  Decides to devote four plenary meetings at its forty-seventh
session to mark, at the appropriate global level, the conclusion of the United
Nations Decade of Disabled Persons;
 
     15.  Emphasizes the need to rationalize the work of and strengthen the
Disabled Persons Unit of the Centre for Social Development and Humanitarian
Affairs of the Secretariat, in order to enable it to carry out its role in the
implementation, within existing resources, of the objectives of the Decade in
an effective and efficient manner;
 
     16.  Reiterates its appeal to Governments for further voluntary
contributions to enable the Disabled Persons Unit to strengthen its focal-
point function on issues related to disabilities;
 
     17.  Reaffirms that the resources of the Voluntary Fund for the United
Nations Decade of Disabled Persons should be used to support catalytic and
innovative activities in order to implement further the objectives of the
World Programme of Action within the framework of the Decade and beyond, with
priority given, as appropriate, to programmes and projects of the least
developed countries;
 
     18.  Invites Governments and non-governmental organizations to continue
their contributions to the Voluntary Fund, and calls upon Governments and non-
governmental organizations that have not yet done so to consider contributing
to the Voluntary Fund so as to enable it to respond effectively to the growing
demand for assistance;
 
     19.  Requests the Economic and Social Council at its next session to
give its views on the continuation of the Voluntary Fund, with new terms of
reference, in response to General Assembly resolution 45/91, and to submit its
recommendations to the Assembly at its forty-seventh session;
 
     20.  Invites Member States to submit updated national reports to the
Secretary-General on the implementation of the agenda for action;
 
     21.  Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General Assembly
at its forty-seventh session on the implementation of the present resolution
under the item entitled "Social development".