United Nations

A/RES/46/91


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

16 December 1991

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



                                                    A/RES/46/91
                                                    74th plenary meeting
                                                    16 December 1991
 
 
      46/91.    Implementation of the International Plan of
                Action on Ageing and related activities
 
     The General Assembly,
 
     Recalling Economic and Social Council resolution 1989/50 of 24 May 1989,
in which the Council endorsed a draft programme of United Nations activities
relating to the tenth anniversary of the adoption of the International Plan of
Action on Ageing, in 1992,
 
     Pursuant to its resolution 45/106 of 14 December 1990, in which it
endorsed the action programme on ageing for 1992 and beyond as outlined in the
report of the Secretary-General on the question of ageing, invited Member
States, the United Nations and non-governmental organizations to consider
innovative and effective ways of cooperating on the selection of targets in
the field of ageing during 1991 and 1992, and urged Member States, the organs,
organizations and bodies of the United Nations system and intergovernmental
and non-governmental organizations concerned to participate in the action
programme on ageing for 1992 and beyond, especially in selecting targets in
the field of ageing, in organizing community-wide activities and in launching
an information and fund-raising campaign to celebrate the tenth anniversary of
the adoption of the International Plan of Action on Ageing at the local,
national, regional and global levels,
 
     Recalling that in resolution 45/106 it endorsed also the convening of an
ad hoc working group of the Commission for Social Development at its thirty-
second session to monitor the activities for the tenth anniversary, especially
the launching of a global information campaign, and the selection of targets
that might form the basis of the third review and appraisal of the
International Plan of Action on Aging to be made by the Commission at its
thirty-third session, in 1993, and recommended that the Commission should give
consideration to the desirability of convening, subject to the availability of
funds, regional and sectoral meetings on the selection of targets in the field
of ageing during 1991 and 1992 and global consultations in 1993 and 1997,
 
     Recalling also that in resolution 45/106, it recognized the complexity
and rapidity of the ageing of the world's population and the need to have a
common basis and frame of reference for the protection and promotion of the
rights of the elderly, including the contribution that the elderly can and
should make to society,
 
     Aware of the plight of the elderly in developing countries, particularly
the least developed among them, as well as those in difficult circumstances,
such as refugees, migrant workers and victims of conflict,
 
     Recalling Economic and Social Council resolution 1751 (LIV) of 16 May
1973 on the aged and social security,
 
     1.   Recommends that the United Nations define, on the basis of the
recommendations of a small expert group meeting to be held in 1992 within
existing resources, targets on ageing to provide a pragmatic focus for the
broad and ideal goals of the International Plan of Action on Ageing, and issue
them as "Targets on ageing: programme recommendations at the national level
for the year 2001";
 
     2.   Urges Member States to identify their specific national targets on
ageing for the year 2001, on the basis of the proposed targets on ageing;
 
     3.   Invites the Centre for Social Development and Humanitarian Affairs
of the Secretariat to develop, in consultation with United Nations
organizations and bodies and international non-governmental organizations, a
set of suggested global targets designed to support implementation of the
national targets on ageing;
 
     4.   Decides to devote four plenary meetings, that is, two working
days, at its forty-seventh session to an international conference on ageing to
consolidate a set of targets on ageing for the year 2001 and to celebrate on
an appropriate global scale the tenth anniversary of the adoption of the
International Plan of Action on Ageing;
 
     5.   Urges the United Nations to give special attention to implementing
the action programme on ageing for 1992 and beyond;
 
     6.   Calls upon the Secretary-General to give all possible support, in
the form of both regular and extrabudgetary resources, to the Ageing Unit of
the Centre for Social Development and Humanitarian Affairs, to enable it to
fulfil its mandate as lead agency for the action programme on ageing;
 
     7.   Requests the Secretary-General to designate the Director-General
of the United Nations Office at Vienna as coordinator for the preparations for
the tenth anniversary of the adoption of the International Plan of Action on
Ageing and for the implementation of the action programme on ageing for 1992
and beyond;
 
     8.   Invites the Secretary-General to explore the feasibility of
appointing an interregional adviser on ageing to assist developing countries
in expanding their ability to respond effectively to the ageing of their
populations;
 
     9.   Invites the United Nations to examine the feasibility of launching
a service composed of experts who are elderly, modelled on the United Nations
Volunteers;
 
     10.  Urges the United Nations Postal Administration, as called upon in
General Assembly resolution 44/67 of 8 December 1989, to issue a stamp to mark
the tenth anniversary of the adoption of the International Plan of Action on
Ageing;
 
     11.  Also urges the United Nations Postal Administration to consider,
on an exceptional basis, issuing a medal on ageing bearing the emblem of the
World Assembly on Ageing to mark activities planned for the decade 1992-2001;
 
     12.  Decides to launch a global information campaign on the action
programme on ageing for 1992 and beyond, and welcomes the cooperation of the
Department of Public Information of the Secretariat and the Centre for Social
Development and Humanitarian Affairs and other United Nations bodies,
specialized agencies and non-governmental organizations in this endeavour;
 
     13.  Recommends that the United Nations provide further advisory
services to countries in the process of development, change and transition, at
their request, to ensure that the issue of ageing remains an important part of
their social development programmes;
 
     14.  Adopts the United Nations Principles for Older Persons, based on
the International Plan of Action on Ageing, annexed to the present resolution.
 
 
                              ANNEX
 
         United Nations Principles for Older Persons
      To add life to the years that have been added to life
 
     The General Assembly,
 
     Appreciating the contribution that older persons make to their
societies,
 
     Recognizing that, in the Charter of the United Nations, the peoples of
the United Nations declare, inter alia, their determination to reaffirm faith
in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in
the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small and to
promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,
 
     Noting the elaboration of those rights in the Universal Declaration of
Human Rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural
Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and
other declarations to ensure the application of universal standards to
particular groups,
 
     In pursuance of the International Plan of Action on Ageing, adopted by
the World Assembly on Ageing and endorsed by the General Assembly in its
resolution 37/51 of 3 December 1982,
 
     Appreciating the tremendous diversity in the situation of older persons,
not only between countries but within countries and between individuals, which
requires a variety of policy responses,
 
     Aware that in all countries, individuals are reaching an advanced age in
greater numbers and in better health than ever before,
 
     Aware of the scientific research disproving many stereotypes about
inevitable and irreversible declines with age,
 
     Convinced that in a world characterized by an increasing number and
proportion of older persons, opportunities must be provided for willing and
capable older persons to participate in and contribute to the ongoing
activities of society,
 
     Mindful that the strains on family life in both developed and developing
countries require support for those providing care to frail older persons,
 
     Bearing in mind the standards already set by the International Plan of
Action on Ageing and the conventions, recommendations and resolutions of the
International Labour Organisation, the World Health Organization and other
United Nations entities,
 
     Encourages Governments to incorporate the following principles into
their national programmes whenever possible:
 
                          Independence
 
     1.   Older persons should have access to adequate food, water, shelter,
clothing and health care through the provision of income, family and community
support and self-help.
 
     2.   Older persons should have the opportunity to work or to have
access to other income-generating opportunities.
 
     3.   Older persons should be able to participate in determining when
and at what pace withdrawal from the labour force takes place.
 
     4.   Older persons should have access to appropriate educational and
training programmes.
 
     5.   Older persons should be able to live in environments that are safe
and adaptable to personal preferences and changing capacities.
 
                          Participation
 
     7.   Older persons should remain integrated in society, participate
actively in the formulation and implementation of policies that directly
affect their well-being and share their knowledge and skills with younger
generations.
 
     8.   Older persons should be able to seek and develop opportunities for
service to the community and to serve as volunteers in positions appropriate
to their interests and capabilities.
 
     9.   Older persons should be able to form movements or associations of
older persons.
                              Care
 
     10.  Older persons should benefit from family and community care and
protection in accordance with each society's system of cultural values.
 
     11.  Older persons should have access to health care to help them to
maintain or regain the optimum level of physical, mental and emotional well-
being and to prevent or delay the onset of illness.
 
     12.  Older persons should have access to social and legal services to
enhance their autonomy, protection and care.
 
     13.  Older persons should be able to utilize appropriate levels of
institutional care providing protection, rehabilitation and social and mental
stimulation in a humane and secure environment.
 
     14.  Older persons should be able to enjoy human rights and fundamental
freedoms when residing in any shelter, care or treatment facility, including
full respect for their dignity, beliefs, needs and privacy and for the right
to make decisions about their care and the quality of their lives.
 
                         Self-fulfilment
 
     15.  Older persons should be able to pursue opportunities for the full
development of their potential.
 
     16.  Older persons should have access to the educational, cultural,
spiritual and recreational resources of society.
 
                             Dignity
 
     17.  Older persons should be able to live in dignity and security and
be free of exploitation and physical or mental abuse.
 
     18.  Older persons should be treated fairly regardless of age, gender,
racial or ethnic background, disability or other status, and be valued
independently of their economic contribution.