United Nations

A/RES/46/51


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

9 December 1991

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



                                                  A/RES/46/51
                                                  67th plenary meeting
                                                  9 December 1991
 
            Measures to eliminate international terrorism
 
      The General Assembly,
 
      Recalling its resolutions 3034 (XXVII) of 18 December 1972, 31/102 of 15
December 1976, 32/147 of 16 December 1977, 34/145 of 17 December 1979, 36/109
of 10 December 1981, 38/130 of 19 December 1983, 40/61 of 9 December 1985,
42/159 of 7 December 1987 and 44/29 of 4 December 1989,
 
      Recalling also the recommendations of the Ad Hoc Committee on
International Terrorism contained in its report to the General Assembly at its
thirty-fourth session,
 
      Recalling further the Declaration on Principles of International Law
concerning Friendly Relations and Cooperation among States in accordance with
the Charter of the United Nations, the Declaration on the Strengthening of
International Security, the Definition of Aggression and relevant instruments
on international humanitarian law applicable in armed conflict,
 
      Recalling moreover the existing international conventions relating to
various aspects of the problem of international terrorism, inter alia, the
Convention on Offences and Certain Other Acts Committed on Board Aircraft,
signed at Tokyo on 14 September 1963,  the Convention for the Suppression of
Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft, signed at The Hague on 16 December 1970, the
Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil
Aviation, concluded at Montreal on 23 September 1971, the Convention on the
Prevention and Punishment of Crimes against Internationally Protected Persons,
including Diplomatic Agents, adopted in New York on 14 December 1973, the
International Convention against the Taking of Hostages, adopted in New York
on 17 December 1979, the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear
Material, adopted at Vienna on 3 March 1980, the Protocol for the Suppression
of Unlawful Acts of Violence at Airports Serving International Civil Aviation,
supplementary to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against
the Safety of Civil Aviation, signed at Montreal on 24 February 1988, the
Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Maritime
Navigation, done at Rome on 10 March 1988, the Protocol for the Suppression of
Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Fixed Platforms located on the Continental
Shelf, done at Rome on 10 March 1988 and the Convention on the Marking of
Plastic Explosives for the Purpose of Detection, done at Montreal on 1 March
1991,
 
      Convinced that a policy of firmness and effective measures should be
taken in accordance with international law in order that all acts, methods and
practices of international terrorism may be brought to an end,
 
      Bearing in mind Security Council resolution 638 (1989) of 31 July 1989
on the taking of hostages,
 
      Deeply disturbed by the world-wide persistence of acts of international
terrorism in all its forms, including those in which States are directly or
indirectly involved, which endanger or take innocent lives, have a deleterious
effect on international relations and may jeopardize the territorial integrity
and security of States,
 
      Calling attention to the growing connection between terrorist groups and
drug traffickers,
 
      Convinced of the importance of the observance by States of their
obligations under the relevant international conventions to ensure that
appropriate law enforcement measures are taken in connection with the offences
addressed in those conventions,
 
      Convinced also of the importance of expanding and improving
international cooperation among States, on a bilateral, regional and
multilateral basis, which will contribute to the elimination of acts of
international terrorism and their underlying causes and to the prevention and
elimination of this criminal scourge,
 
      Convinced further that international cooperation in combating and
preventing terrorism will contribute to the strengthening of confidence among
States, reduce tensions and create a better climate among them,
 
      Mindful of the need to enhance the role of the United Nations and the
relevant specialized agencies in combating international terrorism,
 
      Mindful also of the necessity of maintaining and protecting the basic
rights of, and guarantees for, the individual in accordance with the relevant
international human rights instruments and generally accepted international
standards,
 
      Reaffirming the principle of self-determination of peoples as enshrined
in the Charter of the United Nations,
 
      Reaffirming also the inalienable right to self-determination and
independence of all peoples under colonial and racist regimes and other forms
of alien domination and foreign occupation, and upholding the legitimacy of
their struggle, in particular the struggle of national liberation movements,
in accordance with the purposes and principles of the Charter and the
Declaration on Principles of International Law concerning Friendly Relations
and Cooperation among States in accordance with the Charter of the United
Nations, 
 
      Noting the efforts and important achievements of the International Civil
Aviation Organization and the International Maritime Organization in promoting
the security of international air and sea transport against acts of terrorism,
 
      Recognizing that the effectiveness of the struggle against terrorism
could be enhanced by the establishment of a generally agreed definition of
international terrorism,
 
      Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General,
 
      1.    Once again unequivocally condemns, as criminal and unjustifiable,
all acts, methods and practices of terrorism wherever and by whomever
committed, including those which jeopardize the friendly relations among
States and their security;
 
      2.    Deeply deplores the loss of human lives which results from such
acts of terrorism, as well as the pernicious impact of these acts on relations
of cooperation among States;
 
      3.    Calls upon all States to fulfil their obligations under
international law to refrain from organizing, instigating, assisting or
participating in terrorist acts in other States, or acquiescing in or
encouraging activities within their territory directed towards the commission
of such acts;
 
      4.    Urges all States to fulfil their obligations under international
law and take effective and resolute measures for the speedy and final
elimination of international terrorism and to that end, in particular:
 
      (a)   To prevent the preparation and organization in their respective
territories, for commission within or outside their territories, of terrorist
and subversive acts directed against other States and their citizens;
 
      (b)   To ensure the apprehension and prosecution or extradition of
perpetrators of terrorist acts;
 
      (c)   To endeavour to conclude special agreements to that effect on a
bilateral, regional and multilateral basis;
 
      (d)   To cooperate with one another in exchanging relevant information
concerning the prevention and combating of terrorism;
 
      (e)   To take promptly all steps necessary to implement the existing
international conventions on this subject to which they are parties, including
the harmonization of their domestic legislation with those conventions;
 
      5.    Appeals to all States that have not yet done so to consider
becoming party to the international conventions relating to various aspects of
international terrorism referred to in the preamble to the present resolution;
 
      6.    Urges all States, unilaterally and in cooperation with other
States, as well as relevant United Nations organs, to contribute to the
progressive elimination of the causes underlying international terrorism and
to pay special attention to all situations, including colonialism, racism and
situations involving mass and flagrant violations of human rights and
fundamental freedoms and those involving alien domination and foreign
occupation, that may give rise to international terrorism and may endanger
international peace and security;
 
      7.    Firmly calls for the immediate and safe release of all hostages
and abducted persons, wherever and by whomever they are being held;
 
      8.    Calls upon all States to use their political influence in
accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and the principles of
international law to secure the safe release of all hostages and abducted
persons and to prevent the commission of acts of hostage-taking and abduction;
 
      9.    Expresses concern at the growing and dangerous links between
terrorist groups, drug traffickers and their paramilitary gangs, which have
resorted to all types of violence, thus endangering the constitutional order
of States and violating basic human rights;
 
      10.   Welcomes the efforts undertaken by the International Civil
Aviation Organization aimed at promoting universal acceptance of, and strict
compliance with, international air security conventions, and welcomes also the
recent adoption of the Convention on the Marking of Plastic Explosives for the
Purpose of Detection;
 
      11.   Requests the other relevant specialized agencies and
intergovernmental organizations, in particular the International Maritime
Organization, the Universal Postal Union, the World Tourism Organization, the
International Atomic Energy Agency and the United Nations Educational,
Scientific and Cultural Organization, within their respective spheres of
competence, to consider what further measures can usefully be taken to combat
and eliminate terrorism;
 
      12.   Requests the Secretary-General to continue seeking the views of
Member States on international terrorism in all its aspects and on ways and
means of combating it, including the convening at an appropriate time, under
the auspices of the United Nations, of an international conference to deal
with international terrorism in the light of the proposal referred to in the
penultimate preambular paragraph of resolution 44/29;
 
      13.   Also requests the Secretary-General to seek the views of Member
States on the proposals contained in his report or made during the debate on
this item in the Sixth Committee, and on the ways and means of enhancing the
role of the United Nations and the relevant specialized agencies in combating
international terrorism;
 
      14.   Further requests the Secretary-General to follow up, as
appropriate, the implementation of the present resolution and to submit a
report in this respect to the General Assembly at its forty-eighth session;
 
      15.   Considers that nothing in the present resolution could in any way
prejudice the right to self-determination, freedom and independence, as
derived from the Charter of the United Nations, of peoples forcibly deprived
of that right referred to in the Declaration of Principles of International
Law concerning Friendly Relations and Cooperation among States in accordance
with the Charter of the United Nations, particularly peoples under colonial
and racist regimes or other forms of alien domination, or the right of these
peoples to struggle legitimately to this end and to seek and receive support
in accordance with the principles of the Charter, the above-mentioned
Declaration and the relevant General Assembly resolutions, including the
present resolution;
 
      16.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its forty-eighth
session an item entitled "Measures to eliminate international terrorism".