United Nations

A/RES/45/34


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

20 November 1990

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



                                                      A/RES/45/34
                                                      44th plenary meeting
                                                      20 November 1990
 
                Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of
                  Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples
 
      The General Assembly,
 
      Having examined the report of the Special Committee on the Situation with
 regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of
 Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples,
 
      Recalling its resolutions 1514 (XV) of 14 December 1960, containing the
 Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples,
 2621 (XXV) of 12 October 1970, containing the programme of action for the full
 implementation of the Declaration, and 35/118 of 11 December 1980, the annex
 to which contains the Plan of Action for the Full Implementation of the
 Declaration, as well as 40/56 of 2 December 1985, on the twenty-fifth
 anniversary of the Declaration,
 
      Also recalling all its resolutions concerning the implementation of the
 Declaration, in particular resolution 44/101 of 11 December 1989, as well as
 the relevant resolutions of the Security Council,
 
      Deeply conscious of the urgent need to take all necessary measures to
 eliminate forthwith the last vestiges of colonialism, and, in that respect,
 recalling its resolution 43/47 of 22 November 1988,
 
      Reiterating its conviction that the total eradication of racial
 discrimination, apartheid and violations of the basic human rights of the
 peoples of colonial Territories will be achieved most expeditiously by the
 faithful and complete implementation of the Declaration,
 
      Conscious that the success of national liberation struggles and the
 resultant international situation have provided the international community
 with a unique opportunity to make a decisive contribution towards the total
 elimination of colonialism in all its forms and manifestations in Africa,
 
      Welcoming the attainment of independence by Namibia following the holding
 of free and fair elections under the supervision and control of the United
 Nations, and the subsequent admission of independent Namibia as a Member of
 the United Nations on 23 April 1990,
 
      Noting with satisfaction the work accomplished by the Special Committee
 to secure the effective and complete implementation of the Declaration
 contained in General Assembly resolution 1514 (XV) and other relevant
 resolutions of the United Nations,
 
      Noting also with satisfaction the co-operation and active participation
 of some of the administering Powers concerned in the relevant work of the
 Special Committee, as well as their continued readiness to receive United
 Nations visiting missions in the Territories under their administration,
 
      Stressing the importance of the participation of the administering Powers
 in the work of the Special Committee and noting with concern the negative
 impact which the non-participation of certain administering Powers has had on
 the work of the Special Committee, depriving it of an important source of
 information on the Territories under their administration,
 
      Keenly aware of the pressing need of the newly independent and emerging
 States for assistance from the United Nations and its system of organizations
 in the economic, social and other fields,
 
      Recognizing that the eradication of colonialism is one of the priorities
 of the Organization for the decade 1990-1999,
 
      1.   Reaffirms its resolution 1514 (XV) and all other resolutions on
 decolonization and calls upon the administering Powers, in accordance with
 those resolutions, to take all necessary steps to enable the dependent peoples
 of the Territories concerned to exercise fully and without further delay their
 inalienable right to self-determination and independence;
 
      2.   Affirms once again that the continuation of colonialism in all its
 forms and manifestations - including racism, apartheid, those activities of
 foreign economic and other interests contrary to the Charter of the United
 Nations and the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial
 Countries and Peoples, as well as the violations of the right to
 self-determination and basic human rights of the peoples of colonial
 Territories and policies and practices to suppress legitimate national
 liberation movements - is incompatible with the Charter, the Universal
 Declaration of Human Rights and the Declaration on the Granting of
 Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples and poses a threat to
 international peace and security;
 
      3.   Reaffirms its determination to continue to take all necessary steps
 with a view to the complete and speedy eradication of colonialism and to the
 faithful and strict observance by all States of the relevant provisions of the
 Charter, the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries
 and Peoples and the guiding principles of the Universal Declaration of Human
 Rights; 
 
      4.   Affirms once again its recognition of the legitimacy of the struggle
 of the peoples under colonial and alien domination to exercise their right to
 self-determination and independence by all the necessary means at their
 disposal;
 
      5.   Approves the report of the Special Committee on the Situation with
 regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of
 Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples covering its work during 1990,
 including the programme of work envisaged for 1991;
 
      6.   Calls upon all States, in particular the administering Powers, as
 well as the specialized agencies and other organizations of the United Nations
 system within their respective spheres of competence, to give effect to the
 recommendations contained in the report of the Special Committee for the
 speedy implementation of the Declaration contained in General Assembly
 resolution 1514 (XV) and other relevant resolutions of the United Nations;
 
      7.   Condemns the activities of foreign economic and other interests
 which are impeding the implementation of the Declaration with respect to the
 colonial Territories;
 
      8.   Calls upon the administering Powers to ensure that no activity of
 foreign economic and other interests in the Non-Self-Governing Territories
 under their administration constitutes an obstacle to the right of the peoples
 of those Territories to self-determination and independence;
 
      9.   Strongly condemns collaboration, particularly in the nuclear and
 military fields, with the Government of South Africa and calls upon the States
 concerned to cease forthwith all such collaboration;
 
      10.  Calls upon the colonial Powers to withdraw immediately and
 unconditionally their military bases and installations from colonial
 Territories, to refrain from establishing new ones and not to involve those
 Territories in any offensive acts or interference against other States;
 
      11.  Urges all States, directly and through their action in the
 specialized agencies and other organizations of the United Nations system, to
 provide all moral and material assistance to the peoples of colonial
 Territories and requests that the administering Powers, in consultation with
 the Governments of the Territories under their administration, take steps to
 enlist and make effective use of all possible assistance, on both a bilateral
 and a multilateral basis, in the strengthening of the economies of those
 Territories;
 
      12.  Requests the Special Committee to continue to seek suitable means
 for the immediate and full implementation of General Assembly resolution 1514
 (XV) in all Territories that have not yet attained independence and, in
 particular:
 
      (a)  To formulate specific proposals for the elimination of the remaining
 manifestations of colonialism and to report thereon to the General Assembly at
 its forty-sixth session;
 
      (b)  To make concrete suggestions which could assist the Security Council
 in considering appropriate measures under the Charter with regard to
 developments in colonial Territories that are likely to threaten international
 peace and security;
 
      (c)  To continue to examine the compliance of Member States with
 resolution 1514 (XV) and other relevant resolutions on decolonization;
 
      (d)  To continue to pay special attention to the small Territories, in
 particular through the dispatch of visiting missions to those Territories
 whenever the Special Committee deems it appropriate, and to recommend to the
 General Assembly the most suitable steps to be taken to enable the populations
 of those Territories to exercise their right to self-determination and
 independence;
 
      (e)  To take all necessary steps to enlist world-wide support among
 Governments, as well as national and international organizations, for the
 achievement of the objectives of the Declaration and the implementation of the
 relevant resolutions of the United Nations;
 
      13.  Calls upon the administering Powers to continue to co-operate with
 the Special Committee in the discharge of its mandate and to receive visiting
 missions to the Territories to secure first-hand information and ascertain the
 wishes and aspirations of their inhabitants, and urges, in particular, those
 administering Powers which do not participate in the work of the Special
 Committee to do so at its 1991 session;
 
      14.  Requests the Secretary-General and the specialized agencies and
 other organizations of the United Nations system to provide or continue to
 provide to the newly independent and emerging States all possible assistance
 in the economic, social and other fields;
 
      15.  Requests the Secretary-General to provide the Special Committee with
 the facilities and services required for the implementation of the present
 resolution, as well as of the various resolutions and decisions on
 decolonization adopted by the General Assembly and the Special Committee.