United Nations

A/RES/45/30


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

20 November 1990

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



                                                        A/RES/45/30
                                                        44th plenary meeting
                                                        20 November 1990
                    Question of American Samoa
 
      The General Assembly,
 
      Having considered the question of American Samoa,
 
      Having examined the relevant chapters of the report of the Special
 Committee on the Situation with regard to the Implementation of the
 Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples,
 
      Recalling its resolution 1514 (XV) of 14 December 1960, containing the
 Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples,
 and all resolutions and decisions of the United Nations relating to American
 Samoa, in particular General Assembly resolution 44/97 of 11 December 1989,
 
      Conscious of the need to promote progress towards the full implementation
 of the Declaration in respect of American Samoa,
 
      Having heard the statement of the representative of the United States of
 America, as the administering Power,
 
      Aware of the special circumstances of the geographical location and
 economic conditions of the Territory, and bearing in mind the necessity of
 diversifying and strengthening further its economy as a matter of priority in
 order to promote economic stability,
 
      Noting with grave concern the destruction wrought by cyclone Ofa in
 February 1990, and, in this respect, noting the speedy emergency assistance
 provided to the Territory by the administering Power and by the specialized
 agencies and other organizations of the United Nations system,
 
      Recalling the dispatch in 1981 of a United Nations visiting mission to
 the Territory,
 
      Mindful that United Nations visiting missions provide an effective means
 of assessing the situation in the Non-Self-Governing Territories, and
 reaffirming the value of sending, at an appropriate time, a further visiting
 mission to American Samoa,
 
      1.   Approves the section of the report of the Special Committee on the
 Situation with regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting
 of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples relating to American Samoa;
 
      2.   Reaffirms the inalienable right of the people of American Samoa to
 self-determination and independence in conformity with the Declaration on the
 Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples;
 
      3.   Reiterates the view that such factors as territorial size,
 geographical location, size of population and limited natural resources should
 in no way delay the speedy exercise by the people of the Territory of their
 inalienable right to self-determination and independence in conformity with
 the Declaration, which fully applies to American Samoa;
 
      4.   Reiterates that it is the responsibility of the United States of
 America, as the administering Power, to create such conditions in the
 Territory as will enable the people of American Samoa to exercise freely and
 without interference their inalienable right to self-determination and
 independence in accordance with resolution 1514 (XV) and all other relevant
 resolutions of the General Assembly;
 
      5.   Reaffirms that it is ultimately for the people of American Samoa
 themselves to determine freely their future political status in accordance
 with the relevant provisions of the Charter of the United Nations and the
 Declaration, and in that connection reaffirms the importance of fostering an
 awareness among the people of the Territory of the possibilities open to them
 in the exercise of their right to self-determination and independence;
 
      6.   Also reaffirms the responsibility of the administering Power to
 promote the economic and social development of American Samoa, and recommends
 that priority should be given to the diversification of the Territory's
 economy in order to provide the foundations for sound social and economic
 development, to reduce its heavy economic and financial dependence on the
 United States and to create more employment opportunities for the people of
 the Territory;
 
      7.   Urges the administering Power, in co-operation with the territorial
 Government, to take effective measures to safeguard and guarantee the
 inalienable right of the people of American Samoa to own and dispose of the
 natural resources of the Territory, including marine resources, and to
 establish and maintain control over the future development of those resources;
 
      8.   Urges that, because of the destruction wrought by cyclone Ofa,
 emergency assistance to the Territory be continued;
 
      9.   Invites the specialized agencies and other organizations of the
 United Nations system to continue to take all necessary measures to accelerate
 progress in the social and economic life of the Territory;
 
      10.  Urges the administering Power to continue to foster close relations
 between the Territory and other island communities in the region and to
 promote co-operation between the territorial Government and regional
 institutions, as well as the specialized agencies and other organizations of
 the United Nations system;
 
      11.  Requests the Special Committee to continue the examination of this
 question at its next session, including the possible dispatch of a further
 visiting mission to American Samoa at an appropriate time and in consultation
 with the administering Power, taking into account, in particular, the wishes
 of the people of the Territory, and to report thereon to the General Assembly
 at its forty-sixth session.