United Nations

A/RES/45/12


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

7 November 1990

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



                                                        A/RES/45/12
                                                        37th plenary meeting
                                                        7 November 1990
 
                The situation in Afghanistan and its implications
                      for international peace and security
 
      The General Assembly,
 
      Having considered the item entitled "The situation in Afghanistan and its
 implications for international peace and security",
 
      Recalling its resolutions 43/20 of 3 November 1988 and 44/15 of
 1 November 1989,
 
      Reaffirming the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United
 Nations and the obligation of all States to refrain in their international
 relations from the threat or use of force against the sovereignty, territorial
 integrity and political independence of any State,
 
      Reaffirming also the inalienable right of all peoples to determine their
 own form of government and to choose their own economic, political and social
 system free from outside intervention, subversion, coercion or constraint of
 any kind whatsoever,
 
      Gravely concerned at the situation in Afghanistan, which resulted from
 the violation of principles of the Charter and of the recognized norms of
 inter-State conduct,
 
      Noting the conclusion at Geneva, on 14 April 1988, of the Agreements on
 the Settlement of the Situation Relating to Afghanistan and the completion of
 the withdrawal of foreign troops in accordance with those Agreements,
 
      Aware of the continuing concern of the international community at the
 sufferings of the Afghan people and the magnitude of the social and economic
 problems posed to Pakistan and Iran by the presence on their soil of millions
 of Afghan refugees,
 
      Deeply conscious of the urgent need for a comprehensive political
 solution of the situation in respect of Afghanistan,
 
      Conscious that a successful final political settlement of the Afghanistan
 problem would have a favourable impact on the international situation and
 provide an impetus for the resolution of other acute regional conflicts,
 
      Expressing its appreciation to the Secretary-General and his Personal
 Representative for their efforts to bring about peace and security,
 
      Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General and the status of the
 process of political settlement,
 
      1.   Emphasizes the importance of the Agreements on the Settlement of the
 Situation Relating to Afghanistan, hereinafter referred to as the "Geneva
 Agreements", concluded at Geneva on 14 April 1988 under United Nations
 auspices, which constitute an important step towards a comprehensive political
 solution of the Afghanistan problem;
 
      2.   Expresses its deep appreciation to the Secretary-General and his
 Personal Representative for their constant efforts to achieve a political
 solution of the Afghanistan problem;
 
      3.   Calls for the scrupulous respect for and faithful implementation of
 the Geneva Agreements by all parties concerned, who should fully abide by
 their letter and spirit;
 
      4.   Reiterates that the preservation of the sovereignty, territorial
 integrity, political independence and non-aligned and Islamic character of
 Afghanistan is essential for a peaceful solution of the Afghanistan problem;
 
      5.   Reaffirms the right of the Afghan people to determine their own form
 of government and to choose their economic, political and social system free
 from outside intervention, subversion, coercion or constraint of any kind
 whatsoever;
 
      6.   Calls upon all parties concerned to work urgently for the
 achievement of a comprehensive political solution, the cessation of
 hostilities and the creation of the necessary conditions of peace and normalcy
 that would enable the Afghan refugees to return voluntarily to their homeland
 in safety and honour;
 
      7.   Emphasizes the need for an early start of the intra-Afghan dialogue
 for the establishment, through democratic procedures acceptable to the Afghan
 people, including free and fair elections, of a broad-based government to
 ensure the broadest support and immediate participation of all segments of the
 Afghan people;
 
      8.   Calls upon all parties concerned to exert every effort to promote a
 political settlement acceptable to the Afghan people in order to bring to an
 end the protracted conflict that has prevailed in Afghanistan for the past
 several years;
 
      9.   Requests the Secretary-General and his Personal Representative to
 continue to encourage and facilitate the early realization of a comprehensive
 political settlement in Afghanistan in accordance with the provisions of the
 Geneva Agreements and of the present resolution;
 
      10.  Expresses its appreciation for the efforts of the United Nations
 High Commissioner for Refugees aimed at providing humanitarian assistance to
 the Afghan refugees and facilitating their voluntary return, and appeals to
 the parties concerned to take all necessary measures to ease their lot;
 
      11.  Renews its appeal to all States and national and international
 organizations to continue to extend humanitarian relief assistance with a view
 to alleviating the hardship of the Afghan refugees, in co-ordination with the
 High Commissioner;
 
      12.  Also expresses its appreciation for the efforts of the Co-ordinator
 for Humanitarian and Economic Assistance Programmes Relating to Afghanistan
 and calls upon all States to provide to the Co-ordinator adequate financial
 and material resources for the purposes of achieving the speedy repatriation
 and rehabilitation of the Afghan refugees, as well as for the economic and
 social reconstruction of the country;
 
      13.  Requests the Secretary-General to keep Member States and the
 Security Council informed of progress towards the implementation of the
 present resolution and to submit to the General Assembly at its forty-sixth
 session a report on the situation in Afghanistan and on progress achieved in
 the implementation of the Geneva Agreements and the political settlement
 relating to Afghanistan;
 
      14.  Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its forty-sixth
 session the item entitled "The situation in Afghanistan and its implications
 for international peace and security".