United Nations

A/RES/44/112


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

15 December 1989

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



                                                        A/RES/44/112
                                                        81st plenary meeting
                                                        15 December 1989
 
               Prevention of an arms race in outer space
 
      The General Assembly,
 
      Inspired by the great prospects opening up before mankind as a result of
 man's entry into outer space,
 
      Recognizing the common interest of all mankind in the exploration and use
 of outer space for peaceful purposes,
 
      Reaffirming that the exploration and use of outer space, including the
 Moon and other celestial bodies, shall be carried out for the benefit and in
 the interest of all countries, irrespective of their degree of economic or
 scientific development, and shall be the province of all mankind,
 
      Reaffirming also the will of all States that the exploration and use of
 outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, shall be for
 peaceful purposes,
 
      Recalling the obligation of all States, in accordance with the Charter of
 the United Nations, to refrain from the threat or use of force, including in
 their space activities,
 
      Recalling also that the States parties to the Treaty on Principles
 Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space,
 including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies have undertaken, in
 article III, to carry on activities in the exploration and use of outer space,
 including the Moon and other celestial bodies, in accordance with
 international law and the Charter of the United Nations, in the interests of
 maintaining international peace and security and promoting international
 co-operation and understanding,
 
      Reaffirming, in particular, article IV of the above-mentioned Treaty,
 which stipulates that States parties to the Treaty undertake not to place in
 orbit around the Earth any objects carrying nuclear weapons or any other kinds
 of weapons of mass destruction, install such weapons on celestial bodies or
 station such weapons in outer space in any other manner,
 
      Reaffirming also paragraph 80 of the Final Document of the Tenth Special
 Session of the General Assembly, in which it is stated that in order to
 prevent an arms race in outer space further measures should be taken and
 appropriate international negotiations held in accordance with the spirit of
 the Treaty,
 
      Noting its resolutions 36/97 C and 36/99 of 9 December 1981, as well as
 resolutions 37/83 of 9 December 1982, 37/99 D of 13 December 1982, 38/70 of
 15 December 1983, 39/59 of 12 December 1984, 40/87 of 12 December 1985, 41/53
 of 3 December 1986, 42/33 of 30 November 1987 and 43/70 of 7 December 1988 and
 the relevant paragraphs of the Declaration adopted by the Ninth Conference of
 Heads of State or Government of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries, held at
 Belgrade from 4 to 7 September 1989,
 
      Recognizing the importance and urgency of preventing an arms race in
 outer space and the readiness of all States to contribute to that common
 objective,
 
      Gravely concerned at the danger posed to all mankind by an arms race in
 outer space and, in particular, by developments that could further undermine
 international peace and security and retard the pursuit of general and
 complete disarmament,
 
      Encouraged by the widespread interest expressed by Member States in the
 course of negotiations on and following the adoption of the above-mentioned
 Treaty in ensuring that the exploration and use of outer space should be for
 peaceful purposes, and taking note of proposals submitted to the General
 Assembly at its tenth special session and at its regular sessions and to the
 Conference on Disarmament,
 
      Noting the grave concern expressed by the Second United Nations
 Conference on the Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Outer Space at the
 extension of an arms race into outer space and the recommendations made to
 the competent organs of the United Nations, in particular the General
 Assembly, and also to the Committee on Disarmament,
 
      Noting also that in 1989 the Ad Hoc Committee on the Prevention of an
 Arms Race in Outer Space, taking into account its previous efforts since its
 establishment, undertook the examination and identification of various issues,
 existing agreements and existing proposals, as well as future initiatives
 relevant to the prevention of an arms race in outer space, and that this
 contributed to a better understanding of a number of problems and to a clearer
 perception of the various positions,
 
      Convinced that additional measures should be examined in the search for
 effective and verifiable bilateral and multilateral agreements in order to
 prevent an arms race in outer space,
 
      Emphasizing the paramount importance of strict compliance with existing
 arms limitation and disarmament agreements relevant to outer space, and with
 the existing legal regime concerning the use of outer space,
 
      Emphasizing also the necessity of maintaining the effectiveness of
 relevant existing treaties, and in this context reaffirming the vital
 importance of a strict compliance with the Treaty on the Limitation of
 Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems,
 
      Recognizing that bilateral negotiations between the Union of Soviet
 Socialist Republics and the United States of America could facilitate the
 multilateral negotiations for the prevention of an arms race in outer space in
 accordance with paragraph 27 of the Final Document of the Tenth Special
 Session of the General Assembly,
 
      Noting the importance in this context of bilateral negotiations between
 the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the United States of America that
 have continued since 1985, including at their summit meetings in Washington
 and Moscow on a complex of questions concerning space and nuclear arms,
 
      Hopeful that concrete results would emerge from these negotiations as
 soon as possible,
 
      Emphasizing the mutually complementary nature of bilateral and
 multilateral efforts in the field of preventing an arms race in outer space,
 
      Taking note of that part of the report of the Conference on Disarmament
 relating to this question,
 
      Welcoming the re-establishment of an Ad Hoc Committee on the Prevention
 of an Arms Race in Outer Space during the 1989 session of the Conference on
 Disarmament, in the exercise of the negotiating responsibilities of this sole
 multilateral negotiating body on disarmament, to continue to examine and to
 identify, through substantive and general consideration, issues relevant to
 the prevention of an arms race in outer space,
 
      1.   Reaffirms that general and complete disarmament under effective
 international control warrants that outer space shall be used exclusively for
 peaceful purposes and that it shall not become an arena for an arms race;
 
      2.   Recognizes, as stated in the report of the Ad Hoc Committee on the
 Prevention of an Arms Race in Outer Space, that the legal regime applicable to
 outer space by itself does not guarantee the prevention of an arms race in
 outer space, that this legal regime plays a significant role in the prevention
 of an arms race in that environment, the need to consolidate and reinforce
 that regime and enhance its effectiveness, and the importance of strict
 compliance with existing agreements, both bilateral and multilateral;
 
      3.   Emphasizes that further measures with appropriate and effective
 provisions for verification to prevent an arms race in outer space should be
 adopted by the international community;
 
      4.   Calls upon all States, in particular those with major space
 capabilities, to contribute actively to the objective of the peaceful use of
 outer space and to take immediate measures to prevent an arms race in outer
 space in the interest of maintaining international peace and security and
 promoting international co-operation and understanding;
 
      5.   Reiterates that the Conference on Disarmament, as the single
 multilateral disarmament negotiating forum, has the primary role in the
 negotiation of a multilateral agreement or agreements, as appropriate, on the
 prevention of an arms race in outer space in all its aspects;
 
      6.   Requests the Conference on Disarmament to consider as a matter of
 priority the question of preventing an arms race in outer space;
 
      7.   Also requests the Conference on Disarmament to intensify its
 consideration of the question of the prevention of an arms race in outer space
 in all its aspects, taking into account relevant proposals and initiatives,
 including those presented in the Ad Hoc Committee at the 1989 session of the
 Conference and at the forty-fourth session of the General Assembly;
 
      8.   Further requests the Conference on Disarmament to re-establish an
 ad hoc committee with an adequate mandate at the beginning of its 1990
 session, with a view to undertaking negotiations for the conclusion of an
 agreement or agreements, as appropriate, to prevent an arms race in outer
 space in all its aspects;
 
      9.   Urges the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the United States
 of America to pursue intensively their bilateral negotiations in a
 constructive spirit aimed at reaching early agreement for preventing an arms
 race in outer space, and to advise the Conference on Disarmament periodically
 of the progress of their bilateral sessions so as to facilitate its work;
 
      10.  Calls upon all States, especially those with major space
 capabilities, to refrain, in their activities relating to outer space, from
 actions contrary to the observance of the relevant existing treaties or to the
 objective of preventing an arms race in outer space;
 
      11.  Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General on the question of
 the prevention of an arms race in outer space, submitted in accordance
 with resolution 42/33 of 30 November 1987;
 
      12.  Requests the Conference on Disarmament to report on its
 consideration of this subject to the General Assembly at its forty-fifth
 session;
 
      13.  Requests the Secretary-General to transmit to the Conference on
 Disarmament all documents relating to the consideration of this subject by the
 General Assembly at its forty-fourth session;
 
      14.  Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its forty-fifth
 session the item entitled "Prevention of an arms race in outer space".