United Nations


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

20 November 1989


                                                          61st plenary meeting
                                                          20 November 1989
         44/25.   Convention on the Rights of the Child
                  *See end of text for Corr.1
     The General Assembly,
     Recalling its previous resolutions, especially resolutions 33/166 of
20 December 1978 and 43/112 of 8 December 1988, and those of the Commission on
Human Rights and the Economic and Social Council related to the question of a
convention on the rights of the child,
     Taking note, in particular, of Commission on Human Rights resolution
1989/57 of 8 March 1989, by which the Commission decided to transmit the draft
convention on the rights of the child, through the Economic and Social
Council, to the General Assembly, and Economic and Social Council resolution
1989/79 of 24 May 1989,
     Reaffirming that children's rights require special protection and call
for continuous improvement of the situation of children all over the world, as
well as for their development and education in conditions of peace and
     Profoundly concerned that the situation of children in many parts of the
world remains critical as a result of inadequate social conditions, natural
disasters, armed conflicts, exploitation, illiteracy, hunger and disability,
and convinced that urgent and effective national and international action is
called for,
     Mindful of the important role of the United Nations Children's Fund and
of that of the United Nations in promoting the well-being of children and
their development,
     Convinced that an international convention on the rights of the child, as
a standard-setting accomplishment of the United Nations in the field of human
rights, would make a positive contribution to protecting children's rights and
ensuring their well-being,
     Bearing in mind that 1989 marks the thirtieth anniversary of the
Declaration of the Rights of the Child and the tenth anniversary of the
International Year of the Child,
     1.   Expresses its appreciation to the Commission on Human Rights for
having concluded the elaboration of the draft convention on the rights of the
     2.   Adopts and opens for signature, ratification and accession the
Convention on the Rights of the Child contained in the annex to the present
     3.   Calls upon all Member States to consider signing and ratifying or
acceding to the Convention as a matter of priority and expresses the hope that
it will come into force at an early date;
     4.   Requests the Secretary-General to provide all the facilities and
assistance necessary for dissemination of information on the Convention;
     5.   Invites United Nations agencies and organizations, as well as
intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, to intensify their
efforts with a view to disseminating information on the Convention and to
promoting its understanding;
     6.   Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General Assembly at
its forty-fifth session a report on the status of the Convention on the Rights
of the Child;
     7.   Decides to consider the report of the Secretary-General at its
forty-fifth session under an item entitled "Implementation of the Convention
on the Rights of the Child".
                    Convention on the Rights of the Child
     The States Parties to the present Convention,
     Considering that, in accordance with the principles proclaimed in the
Charter of the United Nations, recognition of the inherent dignity and of
the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the
foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world,
     Bearing in mind that the peoples of the United Nations have, in the
Charter, reaffirmed their faith in fundamental human rights and in the dignity
and worth of the human person, and have determined to promote social progress
and better standards of life in larger freedom,
     Recognizing that the United Nations has, in the Universal Declaration of
Human Rights and in the International Covenants on Human Rights, proclaimed
and agreed that everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth
therein, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language,
religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property,
birth or other status,
     Recalling that, in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the
United Nations has proclaimed that childhood is entitled to special care and
     Convinced that the family, as the fundamental group of society and the
natural environment for the growth and well-being of all its members and
particularly children, should b