United Nations

A/RES/43/56


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

6 December 1988

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



                                                       A/RES/43/56
                                                       71st plenary meeting
                                                       6 December 1988
 
      International co-operation in the peaceful uses of outer space
 
     The General Assembly,
 
     Recalling its resolution 42/68 of 2 December 1987,
 
     Deeply convinced of the common interest of mankind in promoting the
exploration and use of outer space for peaceful purposes and in continuing
efforts to extend to all States the benefits derived therefrom, and of the
importance of international co-operation in this field, for which the United
Nations should continue to provide a focal point,
 
     Reaffirming the importance of international co-operation in developing
the rule of law, including the relevant norms of space law and their important
role in international co-operation for the exploration and use of outer space
for peaceful purposes,
 
     Gravely concerned at the extension of an arms race into outer space,
 
     Recognizing that all States, in particular those with major space
capabilities, should contribute actively to the goal of preventing an arms
race in outer space as an essential condition for the promotion of
international co-operation in the exploration and use of outer space for
peaceful purposes,
 
     Aware of the need to increase the benefits of space technology and its
applications and to contribute to an orderly growth of space activities
favourable to the socio-economic advancement of mankind, in particular the
peoples of developing countries,
 
     Taking note of the progress achieved in the further development of
peaceful space exploration and application as well as in various national and
co-operative space projects, which contribute to international co-operation in
this field,
 
     Taking note also of the report of the Secretary-General on the
implementation of the recommendations of the Second United Nations Conference
on the Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Outer Space,
 
     Having considered the report of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of
Outer Space on the work of its thirty-first session,
 
     1.   Endorses the report of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer
Space;
 
     2.   Invites States that have not yet become parties to the international
treaties governing the uses of outer space to give consideration to ratifying
or acceding to those treaties;
 
     3.   Notes that the Legal Sub-Committee of the Committee on the Peaceful
Uses of Outer Space at its twenty-seventh session, in its working groups,
continued its work as mandated by the General Assembly in its resolution
42/68;
 
     4.   Endorses the recommendations of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses
of Outer Space that the Legal Sub-Committee at its twenty-eighth session,
taking into account the concerns of all countries, particularly those of
developing countries, should:
 
     (a)  Continue the elaboration of draft principles relevant to the use of
nuclear power sources in outer space through its working group;
 
     (b)  Continue, through its working group, its consideration of matters
relating to the definition and delimitation of outer space and to the
character and utilization of the geostationary orbit, including consideration
of ways and means to ensure the rational and equitable use of the
geostationary orbit without prejudice to the role of the International
Telecommunication Union;
 
     (c)  Consider the legal aspects related to the application of the
principle that the exploration and utilization of outer space should be
carried out for the benefit and in the interests of all States, taking into
particular account the needs of developing countries;
 
     5.   Urges the Legal Sub-Committee at its twenty-eighth session, in the
context of paragraph 4 (c) above, to pursue, with a view to finalizing, its
consideration of the question of the establishment of a working group under
this agenda item in order to ensure a satisfactory outcome of the substantive
deliberations under this item;
 
     6.   Notes that the Scientific and Technical Sub-Committee of the
Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space at its twenty-fifth session
continued its work as mandated by the General Assembly in its resolution
42/68;
 
     7.   Endorses the recommendations of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses
of Outer Space that the Scientific and Technical Sub-Committee at its
twenty-sixth session, taking into account the concerns of all countries,
particularly those of developing countries, should:
 
     (a)  Consider the following items on a priority basis:
 
     (i)  United Nations Programme on Space Applications and the co-ordination
          of space activities within the United Nations system;
 
    (ii)  Implementation of the recommendations of the Second United Nations
          Conference on the Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Outer Space;
 
   (iii)  Matters relating to remote sensing of the Earth by satellites
          including, inter alia, applications for developing countries;
 
    (iv)  Use of nuclear power sources in outer space;
 
     (b)  Consider the following items:
 
     (i)  Questions relating to space transportation systems and their
          implications for future activities in space;
 
    (ii)  Examination of the physical nature and technical attributes of the
          geostationary orbit; examination of its utilization and
          applications, including, inter alia, in the field of space
          communications, as well as other questions relating to space
          communications developments, taking particular account of the needs
          and interests of developing countries;
 
   (iii)  Matters relating to life sciences, including space medicine;
 
    (iv)  Progress in the geosphere-biosphere (global change) programme; the
          Committee on Space Research and the International Astronautical
          Federation should be invited to present reports and arrange a
          special presentation on this subject;
 
     (v)  Matters relating to planetary exploration;
 
    (vi)  Matters relating to astronomy;
 
   (vii)  The theme fixed for the special attention of the 1989 session of the
          Scientific and Technical Sub-Committee:  "Space technology as an
          instrument for combating environmental problems, particularly those
          of developing countries" (the theme relates to problems such as
          desertification, deforestation, floods, erosion and pest infestation
          that are of particular interest to developing countries); the
          Committee on Space Research and the International Astronautical
          Federation should be invited to arrange a symposium, with as wide a
          participation as possible, to be held during the first week of the
          Sub-Committee's session, after the adjournment of its meetings, to
          complement discussions within the Sub-Committee;
 
     8.   Considers, in the context of paragraph 7 (a) (ii) above, that it is
particularly urgent to implement the following recommendations:
 
     (a)  All countries should have the opportunity to use the techniques
resulting from medical studies in space;
 
     (b)  Data banks at the national and regional levels should be
strengthened and expanded and an international space information service
should be established to function as a centre of co-ordination;
 
     (c)  The United Nations should support the creation of adequate training
centres at the regional level, linked, whenever possible, to institutions
implementing space programmes; necessary funding for the development of such
centres should be made available through financial institutions;
 
     (d)  The United Nations should organize a fellowship programme through
which selected graduates or post-graduates from developing countries should
get in-depth, long-term exposure to space technology or applications; it is
also desirable to encourage the availability of opportunities for such
exposures on other bilateral and multilateral bases outside the United Nations
system;
 
     9.   Endorses the recommendation of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of
Outer Space that the Scientific and Technical Sub-Committee should reconvene,
at its twenty-sixth session, the Working Group of the Whole to Evaluate the
Implementation of the Recommendations of the Second United Nations Conference
on the Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, with a view to improving
the execution of activities relating to international co-operation,
particularly those included within the United Nations Programme on Space
Applications, and to proposing concrete steps to increase such co-operation as
well as to make it more efficient;
 
     10.  Endorses the recommendations of the Working Group of the Whole, as
endorsed by the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space and as contained
in paragraphs 4 and 5 of the report of the Working Group of the Whole;
 
     11.  Endorses the decision of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer
Space to consider at its thirty-second session the advisability of the General
Assembly declaring 1992 as international space year, as well as its request
that the Scientific and Technical Sub-Committee consider recommendations
regarding possible activities that might be undertaken during an international
space year, including those of interest for developing countries, taking note
of the major contributions of the relevant international organizations
planning an international space year;
 
     12.  Decides that, during the twenty-sixth session of the Scientific and
Technical Sub-Committee, the Working Group on the Use of Nuclear Power Sources
in Outer Space shall be reconvened to conduct additional work on the basis of
its previous reports and of subsequent reports of the Scientific and Technical
Sub-Committee;
 
     13.  Endorses the United Nations Programme on Space Applications
for 1989, as proposed to the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space by
the Expert on Space Applications;
 
     14.  Emphasizes the urgency and importance of implementing fully the
recommendations of the Second United Nations Conference on the Exploration and
Peaceful Uses of Outer Space as early as possible;
 
     15.  Reaffirms its approval of the recommendation of the Conference
regarding the establishment and strengthening of regional mechanisms of
co-operation and their promotion and creation through the United Nations
system;
 
     16.  Expresses its appreciation to all Governments that have made or
expressed their intention to make contributions towards carrying out the
recommendations of the Conference;
 
     17.  Invites all Governments to take effective action for the
implementation of the recommendations of the Conference;
 
     18.  Urges all States, in particular those with major space capabilities,
to contribute actively to the goal of preventing an arms race in outer space
as an essential condition for the promotion of international co-operation in
the exploration and use of outer space for peaceful purposes;
 
     19.  Takes note of the views expressed and documents circulated during
the thirty-first session of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space
and during the forty-third session of the General Assembly concerning ways and
means of maintaining outer space for peaceful purposes;
 
     20.  Requests the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space to
continue to consider, as a matter of priority, ways and means of maintaining
outer space for peaceful purposes and to report thereon to the General
Assembly at its forty-fourth session;
 
     21.  Requests the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space to
consider at its thirty-second session a new agenda item entitled "Spin-off
benefits of space technology:  review of current status";
 
     22.  Affirms that the interference that satellite systems to be newly
established may cause to systems already registered with the International
Telecommunication Union shall not exceed the limits specified in the relevant
provision of the Radio Regulations of the Union applicable to space services;
 
     23.  Requests all organs, organizations and bodies of the United Nations
system and other intergovernmental organizations working in the field of outer
space or on space-related matters to co-operate in the implementation of the
recommendations of the Conference;
 
     24.  Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General Assembly at
its forty-fourth session on the implementation of the recommendations of the
Conference;
 
     25.  Requests the specialized agencies and other international
organizations to continue and, where appropriate, enhance their co-operation
with the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space and to provide it with
progress reports on their work relating to the peaceful uses of outer space;
 
     26.  Requests the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space to
continue its work, in accordance with the present resolution, to consider, as
appropriate, new projects in outer space activities and to submit a report to
the General Assembly at its forty-fourth session, including its views on which
subjects should be studied in the future.